Power of appointment

A power of appointment is a term most frequently used in the law of wills to describe the ability of the testator (the person writing the will) to select a person who will be given the authority to dispose of certain property under the will. Although any person can exercise this power at any time during their life, its use is rare outside of a will. The power is divided into two broad categories: general powers of appointment and Special powers of appointment. The holder of a power of appointment differs from the trustee of a trust in that the former has no obligation to manage the property for the generation of income, but need only distribute it.

General power of appointment

A general power of appointment is defined for federal estate tax purposes in Internal Revenue Code Section 2041. A general power of appointment is one which allows the holder of the power to appoint to him or her self, his or her estate, his or her creditors, or the creditors of his or her estate. The holder of a general power of appointment is treated for estate tax purposes as if he or she is the owner of the property subject to the power, whether or not the power is exercised. Thus, the property which is subject to the power is includable in the power holder's estate for estate tax purposes.

A general power of appointment is a key element of a type of marital deduction trust described in Internal Revenue Code Section 2056(b)(5). This is a trust that qualifies for the marital deduction provided that the surviving spouse is given the income at least annually and the surviving spouse has a general power of appointment over the trust property remaining at his or her death.

Most general powers of appointment are exercisable by will. The holder of the power refers to the document creating the power in his or her will and designates who among the permissible objects of the power should receive the property. The power could be exercised by creating further trusts.

If the power of appointment is not exercised, the default provision of the document that created the power takes over.

pecial power of appointment

A special power of appointment allows the recipient to distribute the designated property among a specified group or class of people. For example, a testator might grant his brother the special power to distribute property among the testator's three children. The brother would then have the authority to choose which of the testator's children gets which property. Unlike a general power of appointment, the refusal of the appointed party to exercise a specific power of appointment causes the designated property to revert as a gift to the members of the group or class.

Testamentary v. Powers presently exercisable

In addition to general v. special powers, donors may limit when the power may be exercised by the donees. Testamentary powers are usually indicated by the inclusion of limiting language in the granting instrument such as "To B for life, remainder to persons as B shall 'by will' appoint". General powers presently exercisable do not contain such limitations on power. Language such as "To B for life, and upon B's death to those that B shall appoint.." indicates a power presently exercisable, not a testamentary power.

External links

* [http://estate.findlaw.com/estate-planning/estate-planning-other-topics/estate-planning-power-of-attorney.html Powers of Attorney and Appointment]
* [http://www.nysscpa.org/cpajournal/old/11592003.htm In a power of appointment every word counts]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • power of appointment — power of appointment: a power granted under a deed or will authorizing the donee to dispose of an estate in a specified manner for the benefit of the donee or of others general power of appointment: a power of appointment which the donee may… …   Law dictionary

  • power of appointment — n. the authority granted to a person by deed or will to dispose of the grantor s property …   English World dictionary

  • power of appointment — Authority enabling one person to dispose of an interest which is vested in another. Re Zanatta, 99 NJ Eq 339, 131 A 515. A liberty or authority reserved by, or limited to, a person to dispose of real or personal property for his own benefit, or… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • power of appointment — noun authority given (in a will or deed) by a donor to a donee to appoint the beneficiaries of the donor s property • Hypernyms: ↑authority, ↑authorization, ↑authorisation, ↑potency, ↑dominance, ↑say so * * * noun : a legal authority granted… …   Useful english dictionary

  • power of appointment — /ˌpaυər əv ə pɔɪntmənt/ noun the power of a trustee to dispose of interests in property to another person …   Dictionary of banking and finance

  • power of appointment — Law. the authority granted by a donor to a donee to select the person or persons who are to enjoy property rights or income upon the death of the donor or of the donee or after the termination of existing rights or interests. [1930 35] * * * …   Universalium

  • power of appointment — noun In the law of wills, the ability of a testator to select a person who will be given the authority to dispose of certain property under the will …   Wiktionary

  • power of appointment — document of nomination …   English contemporary dictionary

  • power of appointment — noun the right granted by one person (the donor) to another (the donee or appointer) to dispose of the donor s property or create rights therein …   Australian English dictionary

  • power of appointment, special — n. A power of appointment that limits the possible beneficiaries to members of a specified group. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008 …   Law dictionary

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