List of Maryland hurricanes (1950–1979)

Between 1950 and 1979, twenty-nine known tropical cyclones have affected the U.S. state of Maryland. The Delmarva Peninsula is often affected by cyclones that brush the East Coast,Cite web|author=Tropical Prediction Center|title=Best Track Anaylsis|year=|publisher=Unisys corporation|accessdate=2008-05-08|url=http://weather.unisys.com/hurricane/atlantic/index.html] while central and western Maryland commonly receive rainfall from the remnants of storms that make landfall elsewhere and track northward.Cite web|author=David Roth|title=Tropical Cyclone Rainfall in the Mid-Atlantic|year=|publisher=Hydrometeorological Prediction Center|accessdate=2008-05-03|url=http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/tcmidatl.html] Hurricanes are the most intense classification of tropical cyclones; tropical storms and tropical depressions are generally weaker.

Hurricane Agnes of the 1972 season was the deadliest storm, killing 19 people as a result of heavy flooding. Agnes was also the costliest storm, leaving about $80 million (1972 USD). Hurricane Hazel caused sustained hurricane-force winds (winds of 75 mph (121 km/h) or greater) in the state, the only storm during the time period to do so.cite web|author=Hurricane Research Division|year=2008|title=Chronological List of All Hurricanes which Affected the Continental United States: 1851-2007|publisher=National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration|accessdate=2008-03-21|url=http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/hurdat/ushurrlist18512007.txt] No storms made landfall in Maryland at hurricane intensity. During the time period, tropical cyclones have killed 40 people and caused over $93 million in damage.

1950–1959

*September 9, 1950 – Outer moisture from Hurricane Dog drops heavy rainfall in the Mid-Atlantic. In Bel Air, a car drove into the swollen Gunpowder River; three people in the car drowned and a fourth was injured.cite news|author=Lowell Sun|date=1950-09-12|title=Hurricane Misses Nantucket|accessdate=2008-08-24]
*September 1, 1952 – Tropical Storm Able crosses the state, although damage, if any, is unknown.cite web|author=Hurricane Research Division|year=2008|title=Best Track of Atlantic tropical cyclones (1851–2007)|publisher=National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration|accessdate=2008-08-24|url=http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/hurdat/easyhurdat_5107.html]
*October 15, 1954 – Hurricane Hazel crosses the state, producing hurricane-force winds.cite web|author=Hurricane Research Division|year=2008|title=Chronological List of All Hurricanes which Affected the Continental United States: 1851-2007|publisher=National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration|accessdate=2008-03-21|url=http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/hurdat/ushurrlist18512007.txt] In addition to wind damage, flooding was severe along the Chesapeake Bay, while flash flooding was reported inland. Overall, six deaths and about $11 million (1954 USD) in damage were reported.
*August 12, 1955 – Tropical Storm Connie makes landfall in southern Maryland, dropping heavy rainfall peaking at convert|12.32|in|mm|abbr=on in Preston. The rainfall leads to flooding which causes $2.5 million (1955 USD; $2.9 million 2007 USD) in damage. When the schooner "Levin J. Marvel" capsizes in high seas, 14 people drown.cite web|author=R.W. James, Jr|title=Maryland and the District of Columbia: Floods and Droughts|year=2008|publisher=USGS|accessdate=2008-08-24
url=http://md.water.usgs.gov/publications/wsp-2375/md-dc/md-dc-html.html
]
*August 18, 1955 – As Tropical Storm Diane begins its turn to the east-northeast over Virginia, associated heavy rains, combined with saturated grounds from Connie just days before, cause flooding in central parts of the state, especially along the Potomac River.cite web|author=|title=Hurricanes and Maryland|year=2008|publisher=Midatlantichurricanes.com|accessdate=2008-08-24|url=http://www.midatlantichurricanes.com/Maryland.html]
*September 19, 1955 – Hurricane Ione makes landfall in North Carolina; its outer moisture produces light rainfall across the state. [cite web|author=David Roth|year=2006|title=Hurricane Ione - September 18-20, 1955|publisher=Hydrometeorological Prediction Center|accessdate=2008-08-24|url=http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/ione1955.html]
*September 28, 1956 – Hurricane Flossy passes southeast of the state, producing up to convert|3.30|in|mm|abbr=on of rain. In nearby Washington, D.C., a peak wind gust of convert|45|mph|km/h|abbr=on is reported.
*September 28, 1958 – Hurricane Helene remains well off of the Carolina coast, though light rain falls across the Mid-Atlantic states. [cite web|author=David Roth|title=Hurricane Helene - September 25-29, 1958|year=|publisher=Hydrometeorological Prediction Center|accessdate=2008-08-24|url=http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/helene1958.html]
*September 30, 1959 – The remnants of Hurricane Gracie drop moderate rainfall over western Maryland.

1960–1969

*July 30, 1960 – Tropical Storm Brenda crosses southeastern Maryland. The storm's rainfall causes flooding in St. Mary's County.
*September 12, 1960 – Hurricane Donna passes just offshore, producing wind gusts of over convert|100|mph|km/h|abbr=on in Ocean City. [cite web|author=Michael A. Grammatico|title=Major Hurricanes - Virginia to Massachusetts|year=|publisher=Geocities.com|accessdate=2008-08-24|url=http://www.geocities.com/hurricanene/Majorne.htm] Flooding along the eastern shore causes two deaths.
*September 21, 1961 – Hurricane Esther moves northward, parallel to the coast. Wind gusts to 45 mph (70 km/h) are observed at Ocean City, and storm surge flooding causes damage to the city's sea wall and boardwalk.cite web | url = http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/storm_wallets/atlantic/atl1961/esther/prenhc/prelim01.gif| title = Hurricane Esther Tropical Cyclone Report (page 1) | accessdate = 2006-06-09 | year = 1961 | publisher = NOAA]
*September 1, 1964 – In Westernport, convert|5.80|in|mm|abbr=on of rain falls as Tropical Storm Cleo tracks just south of the state.
*October 17, 1964 – The remnants of Hurricane Isbell drop light rainfall.
*September 13, 1965 – The remnants of Hurricane Betsy produce light rainfall across western part of the state. [cite web|author=David Roth|title=Hurricane Betsy - September 6-13, 1965|year=|publisher=Hydometeorological Prediction Center|accessdate=2008-08-24|url=http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/betsy1965.html]
*September 16, 1967 – Tropical Storm Doria makes landfall in Virginia; associated high seas damage the boardwalk at Ocean City. [cite web|author=|title=Hurricane Doria|year=1967|publisher=U.S. Department of Commence|accessdate=2008-08-24|url=http://docs.lib.noaa.gov/rescue/hurricanes/Qc9452d67h81967.pdf|format=PDF]
*October 20, 1968 – As Hurricane Gladys parallels the east coast, tides of up to convert|4|ft|m|abbr=on are felt along the coast. As a result, street flooding is reported in Ocean City. [cite web|author=|title=Hurricane Gladys, September 13-25, 1961|year=1968|publisher=U.S. Weather Bureau|accessdate=2008-08-24|url=http://docs.lib.noaa.gov/rescue/hurricanes/Qc9452g63h81964.pdf|format=PDF]
*August 20, 1969 – The remnants of Hurricane Camille cause extensive flooding in Virginia,cite web|author=David Roth|title=Virginia Hurricane History: Late Twentieth Century|year=|publisher=Hydrometeorological Prediction Center|accessdate=2008-08-24|url=http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/research/roth/valate20hur.htm] though they drop only moderate rainfall peaking at convert|6.55|in|mm|abbr=on in Maryland.
*September 9, 1969 – Hurricane Gerda intensifies offshore, prompting a hurricane watch for eastern Maryland. [cite news|author=The Fredrick Post|year=1969|title=Hurricane Watch in the Fredrick Area|accessdate=2008-08-24] Because the storm remained offshore, only light precipitation falls.

1970–1979

*August 28, 1971 – Tropical Storm Doria parallels the east coast, resulting in tides 2.7 feet (0.8 m) above normal in Fort Henry. [cite web|author=R.H. Simpson & John R. Hope|year=1972|title=Atlantic Hurricane Season of 1971|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2008-08-23|url=http://docs.lib.noaa.gov/rescue/mwr/100/mwr-100-04-0256.pdf|format=PDF]
*Early October, 1971 – The remnants of Hurricane Ginger make landfall in North Carolina, turn north-northeast, and brush southern Maryland with light rainfall. [cite web|author=David Roth|title=Hurricane Ginger - September 29-October 4, 1971|year=|publisher=Hydrometeorological Prediction Center|accessdate=2008-08-23|url=http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/ginger1971.html]
*June 2, 1972 – Heavy rainfall from Tropical Storm Agnes, combined with a separate low to the west, contribute to the state's worst flooding in 36 years. Severe damage and at least 19 deaths are reported throughout the region. [cite book|author=J. F. Bailey, J. L. Patterson, and J. L. H. Paulhus|work=Geological Survey Professional Paper 924|title=Hurricane Agnes Rainfall and Floods, June-July 1972|publisher=United States Government Printing Office|location=Washington D.C.|year=1975.] Throughout the state, 1,930 were damaged, of which 103 were destroyed. 17 farm buildings were destroyed and 44 damaged, and 82 small businesses were destroyed. Total damage is estimated at $80 million (1972 USD; $392 million 2007 USD).
*September 3, 1973 – Tropical Storm Carrie remains well offshore, though its outer bands drop light precipitation across the southern Delmarva Peninsula.
*September 23 – September 26, 1975 – Hurricane Eloise becomes an extratropical frontal low over Virginia. The storm's moisture drops convert|14.23|in|mm|abbr=on of rain in Westminster, causing severe flooding, particularly in the Monocacy and Patapsco River basins.cite web
author=
title=An Assessment Of Maryland’s Vulnerability To Flood Damage
year=
publisher=Eastern Shore Regional GIS Cooperative
accessdate=2008-08-23
url=http://www.esrgc.org/pdf/hazus/An%20Assessment%20of%20Maryland%27s%20Vulnerability%20to%20Flooding.pdf|format=PDF
] [cite web|author=|title=Appendix 1|year=|publisher=Maryland Department of the Environment|accessdate=2008-08-23|url=http://www.mde.state.md.us/assets/document/sedimentStormwater/MSSPermit/co_permit_appendix.pdf|format=PDF]
*October 27, 1975 – Tropical Storm Hallie becomes extratropical to the east of the state; light rain falls over the southern Delmarva Peninsula.
*August 9, 1976 – Hurricane Belle parallels the east coast, prompting hurricane warnings for the coastline. The center of the storm passes to the east of the state, producing wind gusts of around convert|70|mph|km/h|abbr=on at Ocean City.cite web|author=Lawrence|year=1976|title=1976 Monthly Weather Review|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=2006-07-27|url=http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/general/lib/lib1/nhclib/mwreviews/1976.pdf|format=PDF]
*Mid-September, 1976 – Subtropical Storm Three becomes extratropical to the south of the state. The resulting low moves northward, dropping moderate rainfall.
*July 29 – July 31, 1979 – The remnants of Tropical Storm Claudette drop light, spotty rainfall in southern areas. [cite web|author=David Roth|title=Tropical Storm Claudette - July 16-31, 1979 |year=|publisher=Hydrometeorological Prediction Center|accessdate=2008-08-22|url=http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/claudette1979.html]
*September 5, 1979 – Tropical Storm David crosses the western part of the state, dropping up to convert|9.40|in|mm|abbr=on of rainfall.cite web|author=David Roth|title=Tropical Cyclone Rainfall in the Mid-Atlantic|year=2001|publisher=Hydrometeorological Prediction Center|accessdate=2008-08-22|url=http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/tcmidatl.html] Associated bands spawn seven tornadoes throughout the state. [cite web|author=Barbara Watson|title=Virginia's Weather History|year=2008|publisher=Virginia Department of Emergency Management|accessdate=2008-08-22|url=http://www.vaemergency.com/newsroom/history/tornado.cfm] One of the tornadoes strikes near Crofton, causing tree and structure damage, as well as one injury. [cite web|author=Barbara Watson|title=Maryland Listing of Tornadoes by County|year=2001|publisher=Baltimore/Washington National Weather Service|accessdate=2008-08-22|url=http://www.erh.noaa.gov/lwx/Historic_Events/MDcnty-tornado-events.htm]

Monthly statistics


DateFormat=yyyyImageSize= width:350 height:auto barincrement:39Period = from:0 till:40TimeAxis = orientation:horizontalPlotArea = right:10 left:5 bottom:50 top:5

Colors= id:cat5red value:rgb(1,0.2,0.2) id:minorline value:rgb(0.9,0.9,0.9) id:line value:rgb(0.5,0.5,0.5)

PlotData= width:15 textcolor:black shift:(5,-5) anchor:from fontsize:M

bar:Jul from:0 till:3 color:cat5red text:"July" bar:Aug from:0 till:5 color:cat5red text:"August" bar:Sep from:0 till:16 color:cat5red text:"September" bar:Oct from:0 till:5 color:cat5red text:"October"

ScaleMajor = gridcolor:line unit:year increment:5 start:0ScaleMinor = gridcolor:minorline unit:year increment:1 start:0

TextData = fontsize:M textcolor:black pos:(100,25) # tabs:(100-left) text:"Number of storms affecting Maryland"


Deadly storms



ee also

*List of Maryland and Washington, D.C. hurricanes (1980–present)
*List of Delaware hurricanes
*List of New Jersey hurricanes

References

External links

* [http://www.midatlantichurricanes.com/Maryland.html Hurricanes and Maryland]
* [http://www.esrgc.org/pdf/hazus/An%20Assessment%20of%20Maryland%27s%20Vulnerability%20to%20Flooding.pdf An Assessment Of Maryland’s Vulnerability To Flood Damage]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of Maryland hurricanes (1980–present) — List of Maryland and Washington, D.C. hurricanes from 1980 ndash;present encompasses 54 known hurricanes, tropical storms and tropical depressions that have affected the U.S. state of Maryland and Washington, D.C. The majority of storms that… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Atlantic hurricanes — *List of Atlantic hurricane records *List of off season Atlantic hurricanes *List of Category 5 Atlantic hurricanes *List of Category 4 Atlantic hurricanes *List of retired Atlantic hurricane names *List of deadliest Atlantic hurricanes *List of… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Delaware hurricanes — The following is a list of tropical cyclones that affected the U.S. state of Delaware. Since reliable records began, no tropical cyclone has struck the state while maintaining hurricane intensity, and only two storms since 1851 caused hurricane… …   Wikipedia

  • List of North Carolina hurricanes — Hurricane Floyd ten hours prior to its North Carolina landfall; Floyd caused the worst modern disaster in the state[1] The list of North Carolina hurricanes includes 403 known tropical or subtropical cyclones that have affected the U.S.… …   Wikipedia

  • Maryland Terrapins football — Current season …   Wikipedia

  • List of New Jersey hurricanes — Hurricane Gloria to the east of New Jersey A New Jersey hurricane is a tropical cyclone originating in the Atlantic Ocean that affects the state of New Jersey. Due to its location, few hurricanes have hit the state directly, though numerous… …   Wikipedia

  • List of historic tropical cyclone names — Part of a series on Tropical cyclones …   Wikipedia

  • List of NHL players (B) — This is a list of National Hockey League (NHL) players who have played at least one game in the NHL from 1917 to present and have a last name that starts with B . Contents 1 Bab–Ban 2 Bar–Bay 3 Bea–Bel 4 …   Wikipedia

  • List of NHL players (H) — This is a list of National Hockey League (NHL) players who have played at least one game in the NHL from 1917 to present and have a last name that starts with H . Player Pos. Nationality Birthdate Birthplace Seasons Teams ↓ Notes Kari Haakana D …   Wikipedia

  • List of Greek Americans — This is a list of notable Greek Americans. ListActors*Thea Andrews born Canada Entertainment Tonight in USA. Family originates from Macedonia, Greece *Jennifer Aniston Golden Globe and Emmy Award winning film/television actress, best known for… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.