—  Comune  —
Comune di Cetona

Coat of arms
Cetona is located in Italy
Location of Cetona in Italy
Coordinates: 42°58′N 11°54′E / 42.967°N 11.9°E / 42.967; 11.9
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Province Siena (SI)
 – Mayor Fabio Di Meo (Centre-Left)
 – Total 53.17 km2 (20.5 sq mi)
Elevation 350 m (1,148 ft)
Population (31 March 2009)
 – Total 2,968
 – Density 55.8/km2 (144.6/sq mi)
Demonym Cetonesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 – Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 53040
Dialing code 0578
Patron saint Saint Stephen
Website Official website

Cetona is a town and comune in the southern part province of Siena, Tuscany, in an area where Umbria and Lazio meet.

The geographical elevation is between 250 metres and the 1,148 metres of Monte Cetona itself, at the base of which the town is situated at around 350 metres.



Some of the oldest human settlements of central Italy were discovered at the base of Monte Cetona, such as the early neo-Paleolithic Gosto cave (40 - 80th century BC) and Lattaia cave (9-10th century BC). The Belverde park hosts 25 prehistoric and Bronze Age caves, such as the San Francesco cave. There are several sites of Etruscan finds.

The town of Cetona developed on the hillside around the rocca fortress, containing a square tower (ca 900 AD) and an inner fortress wall. It became known as the Scitonia castle. In the first mention of the comune, at the end of the 11th century, Pope Gregory VII granted feudal rights to a member of his family, the Aldobrandeschi. The family's heirs sold the rights,[1] and in the 14th century, Cetona was alternatingly ruled by Siena and Orvieto (until 1354), and, after a brief rule by Perugia, was annexed by Siena. An outer wall was built, containing two round towers (1458). Grand Duke Cosimo I de' Medici of Tuscany sold Cetona in 1556, to the marchese Chiappino Vitelli (1519-1575), who made the fortress into a private residence, and built the piazza below it, today named Piazza Garibaldi. His descendants also erected Palazzo Vitelli in the late 17th century. Cetona was connected to Sarteano (1772-1840), and annexed to Italy in 1861.

The place name of Cetona or Citonia (local variation) probably comes from the Latin word caedita, "felled, deforested" with regard to a deforested and cultivated place. An early Christian baptistery, now a parish church, mentioned in documents as baptisterium Sancti Johannis de Queneto or de Queteno, may have been named in reference to the Chieteno stream that flows just south of Cetona.

Main sights

Archeological finds are on display in Museo Civico per la Preistoria del Monte Cetona (in Town), which also administers the Parco Archeologico Naturalistico del Monte Cetona (three km towards Monte Cetona). The Rocca is still privately owned; the other significant hill is occupied by Palazzo a Parco Terrosi (1750), owned by Valentino.

Churches in Cetona are the Chiesa di San Michele Arcangelo (built 1155) and the Chiesa la Collegiata della San Trinita church (1475), as well as the Convento di San Francesco (since 1212) and Convento di Santa Maria a Belverde (frescoes by Cola Petruccioli of Orvieto).


Cetona today is traditionally agricultural (vine, olive), but increasingly basing its economy on agritourism.


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cetona — Cetona …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cetona — Administration Pays  Italie Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cetona — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cetona puede referirse a: Cetona, compuesto químico. La comuna Cetona en la provincia de Siena en la Toscana italiana. Obtenido de Cetona Categoría: Wikipedia:Desambiguación …   Wikipedia Español

  • cetonă — CETÓNĂ, cetone, s.f. Nume generic dat unor compuşi organici, care se obţin mai ales prin oxidarea (oxida) alcoolilor secundari, a hidrocarburilor etc. întrebuinţaţi în sinteza multor substanţe organice. – Din fr. cétone. Trimis de valeriu,… …   Dicționar Român

  • cetona — f. bioquím. Compuesto orgánico que posee un grupo carbonilo (–CO) divalente en su molécula con radicales alcohólicos o bencénicos. Medical Dictionary. 2011. cetona …   Diccionario médico

  • cetona — sustantivo femenino 1. (no contable) Área: química Cualquier compuesto orgánico en cuya molécula aparezca una o más veces el grupo funcional carbonilo CO …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • cetona — f. Quím. Compuesto orgánico caracterizado por la presencia de un grupo carbonilo …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Cetona — ► sustantivo femenino QUÍMICA Cualquier compuesto orgánico que contiene en sus moléculas un grupo carbonilo, como la acetona. * * * cetona f. Quím. Nombre de ciertas sustancias orgánicas, de las que la más sencilla es la acetona. * * * cetona. f …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cetona — Original name in latin Cetona Name in other language Cetona, chetona State code IT Continent/City Europe/Rome longitude 42.96694 latitude 11.90235 altitude 329 Population 2854 Date 2012 02 15 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Cetona — Sp Četonà Ap Cetona L C Italija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

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