Agaric


Agaric

An agaric is a type of fungal fruiting body characterized by the presence of a pileus that is clearly differentiated from the stipe, with lamellae (gills) on the underside of the pileus. "Agaric" can also refer to a basidiomycete species characterized by an agaric-type fruiting body. An archaic usage of the word agaric meant ‘tree-fungus': from Latin agaricum, however that meaning was superseded by the Linnaean interpretation in 1753 when Linnaeus used the generic name "Agaricus" for gilled mushrooms.

Most species of agarics are classified in the Agaricales, however, this type of fruiting body is thought to have evolved several times independently, hence the Russulales, Boletales, Hymenochaetales, and several other groups of basidiomycetes also contain agaric species. Older systems of classification place all agarics in the Agaricales, and some (mostly older) sources still use "agarics" as a common name for the Agaricales. Contemporary sources now tend to use the term euagarics when referring only to members of the Agaricales. "Agaric" is also sometimes used as a common name for members of the genus "Agaricus", as well as for members of other genera, for example, "Amanita muscaria" is sometimes called "fly agaric".

External links

* [http://americanmushrooms.com/agarics.htm "Gilled Mushrooms"] at AmericanMushrooms.com

* [http://www.mykoweb.com/articles/Homobasidiomycete_clades.html "Evolution & Morphology in the Homobasidiomycetes"] by Gary Lincoff & Michael Wood, "MykoWeb.com"


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  • agaric — [ agarik ] n. m. • 1256; lat. agaricum, gr. agarikon ♦ Bot. Genre de champignons (agaricacées) à chapeau et à lamelles. Les champignons de couche sont des agarics. Spécialt Agaric champêtre : rosé des prés. ● agaric nom masculin (latin agaricum)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Agaric — Ag a*ric (?; 277), n. [L. agaricum, Gr. ?, said to be fr. Agara, a town in Sarmatia.] 1. (Bot.) A fungus of the genus {Agaricus}, of many species, of which the common mushroom is an example. [1913 Webster] 2. An old name for several species of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • agaric — AGARIC. s. m. Plante de la nature du champignon, et qui s attache au tronc des arbres. Agaric de chêne. L agaric de mélèse est purgatif …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Agaric — A cotton fabric made from loop warp yarns giving a terry effect and used in the China trade. The looped pile is formed by wires …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • agaric — Agaric, Agaricum …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • agaric — [ə gar′ik, ag′ə rik΄] n. [L agaricum, larch fungus < Gr agaricon, tree fungus, after Agaria, a Sarmatian town] any of an order (Agaricales) of basidiomycetous fungi; esp., any of a family (Agaricaceae) of gill fungi, including many common,… …   English World dictionary

  • Agaric — « Champignons de Paris » redirige ici. Pour la nouvelle d’Amélie Nothomb, voir Les Champignons de Paris …   Wikipédia en Français

  • agaric — (a ga rik) s. m. On donne ce nom à plusieurs champignons dont quelques uns appartiennent au genre bolet, caractérisé par un grand nombre de trous sous le chapeau. On trouve parmi les agarics des champignons recherchés comme comestibles, tels que… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • AGARIC — s. m. T. de Botan. Genre de champignons qui comprend un grand nombre d espèces, dont le caractère principal est d avoir le dessous du chapeau garni de lames. Plusieurs espèces d agarics sont comestibles, d autres au contraire sont très nuisibles …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • AGARIC — n. m. T. de Botanique Genre de champignons qui comprend un grand nombre d’espèces, dont le caractère principal est d’avoir le dessous du chapeau garni de lames. Plusieurs espèces d’agarics sont comestibles, d’autres au contraire sont très… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)


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