Italo Svevo

Infobox Person
name=Aron Ettore Schmitz (Italo Svevo)

caption=Italian writer and businessman
birth_date=birth date|1861|12|19|df=y
birth_place=Trieste, Austria-Hungary
death_date=death date and age|1928|9|13|1861|12|19|df=y

Aron Ettore Schmitz (December 19, 1861September 13 1928), better known by the pseudonym Italo Svevo, was an Italian businessman and author of novels, plays, and short stories.


Born in Trieste (then in Austria-Hungary) to a Jewish family, Svevo wrote the classic novel "La Coscienza di Zeno" (rendered as "Confessions of Zeno", or "Zeno's Conscience") and self-published it in 1923. The work, showing the author's interest in the theories of Sigmund Freud, is written in the form of the memoirs of one Zeno Cosini, who writes them at the insistence of his psychoanalyst. Schmitz's psychoanalyst was Ottocaro Weiss, who had been trained by Freud in Vienna. Schmitz's novel received almost no attention from Italian readers and critics at the time.

The work might have disappeared altogether if it were not for the efforts of James Joyce. Joyce had met Schmitz in 1907, when Joyce tutored him in English while working for Berlitz in Trieste. Joyce read Schmitz's earlier novel "Senilità", which had also been largely ignored when published in 1898.

Joyce championed "Confessions of Zeno", helping to have it translated into French and then published in Paris, where critics praised it extravagantly. That led Italian critics, including Eugenio Montale, to discover it. Zeno Cosini, the book's hero, mirrored Schmitz, being a businessman fascinated by Freudian beliefs.

Schmitz was a citizen of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the end of the First World War. He spoke Italian as a second language and, according to some critics, wrote it badly - though some have pointed out that it is not bad Italian, but rather the official Tuscan dialect in a Triestino mouth.

"Confessions of Zeno" never looks outside the narrow confines of Trieste, much like Joyce's work, which never left Dublin in the last years of Ireland's time as part of the United Kingdom. Schmitz brings a keenly sardonic wit to his observations of Trieste and, in particular, to his hero, an indifferent man who cheats on his wife and lies to his psychoanalyst and who is trying to explain himself to his psychoanalyst by revisiting his memories.

There is a final connection between Schmitz-Svevo and the character Cosini. Cosini sought psychoanalysis, he said, in order to discover why he was addicted to nicotine. As he reveals in his memoirs, each time he had given up smoking, with the iron resolve that this would be the "ultima sigaretta!!", he experienced the exhilarating feeling that he was now beginning life over without the burden of his old habits and mistakes. That feeling was, however, so strong that he found smoking irresistible, if only so that he could stop smoking again in order to experience that thrill once more.

Svevo likewise smoked for all of his life. After being hit by a car while crossing the street, he was brought home, where his health rapidly failed. As death approached he asked one of his visitors for a cigarette, telling everyone that this really would be the last one (the request was denied).

elected works

* "Una vita", 1892 (A Life)
* "Senilità", 1898 (As a Man Grows Older/Emilio's Carnival)
* "La Coscienza di Zeno", 1923 (The Confessions of Zeno/Zeno's Conscience)
* "A Perfect Hoax"


* Svevo, Italo. "Zeno's Conscience". Trans. William Weaver. New York: Vintage International, 2001.
* Furbank, Philip N., "Italo Svevo: The Man and the Writer" (1966)
* Gatt-Rutter, J., "Italo Svevo: A Double Life" (1988)
* Moloney, Brian, "Italo Svevo: A Critical Introduction" (1974)

External links

* [ Novels and stories of Italo Svevo]
* [ Italo Svevo]
* [ Works by Svevo] : text with concordances and frequency list
* [ Senilità] Concordances from the first original Italian Edition
* [ Concordances of Una vita] , and [ La Coscienza di Zeno]
* [ Listen to some chapters of "La Coscienza di Zeno"] on audio mp3 free download

NAME=Schmitz, Aron Ettore
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Svevo, Italo (literary pseudonym)
DATE OF BIRTH=December 19, 1861
PLACE OF BIRTH=Trieste, Austro-Hungarian Empire
DATE OF DEATH=September 13, 1928

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  • Italo Svevo — (eigentlich: Hector Aron Schmitz, genannt Ettore Schmitz; * 19. Dezember 1861 in Triest; † 13. September 1928 in Motta di Livenza bei Treviso) war ein italienischer Schriftsteller. Svevo gilt als führender italienischer Romanautor des 20.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Italo Svevo — Nombre de nacimiento Aron Hector Schmitz Nacimiento 19 de diciembre de 1861 Trieste, Italia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Italo-Svevo-Preis — Der Italo Svevo Preis ist ein Literaturpreis, der seit 2001 an herausragende deutschsprachige Autoren verliehen wird. Der nach Italo Svevo benannte Preis ist mit 15.000 Euro dotiert und wird von der Hamburger Nordcapital GmbH ermöglicht. Bis 2007 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Svevo — Italo Svevo (eigentlich: Hector Aron Schmitz, genannt Ettore Schmitz; * 19. Dezember 1861 in Triest; † 13. September 1928 in Motta di Livenza bei Treviso) war ein italienischer Schriftsteller. Svevo gilt als führender italienischer Romanautor des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SVEVO, ITALO — (pen name of Ettore Schmitz; 1861–1928), Italian novelist. Svevo s mother was an Italian, his father an Austrian. He was educated in Germany, and on returning to his native Trieste worked as a bank clerk. From 1889 he was a partner in an… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SVEVO (I.) — Svevo est, avec Pirandello, le seul prosateur italien moderne dont l’œuvre ait une résonance européenne. Il figure, aux côtés de Joyce et de Proust, parmi les plus grands romanciers contemporains. Ami du premier, qui l’admirait et le fit… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Italo — ist ein männlicher Vorname. Namensträger Italo Acconcia (1925–1983), italienischer Fußballspieler Italo Alfaro (1922–1979), italienischer Regisseur und Drehbuchautor Italo Astolfi (1917–2004), italienischer Bahnradsportler Italo Balbo (1896–1940) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Svevo, Italo — (pseud. Ettore Schmitz, 1861–1928)    Born in Trieste, Italo Svevo was a neglected genius who, by bitter irony, was killed in a road accident just as he was winning European wide fame for his dense, intellectually challenging novels. Svevo worked …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

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