North Entrance Road Historic District

North Entrance Road Historic District
North Entrance Road Historic District is located in Montana
Nearest city: Yellowstone National Park, Montana and Wyoming
Coordinates: 45°0′24″N 110°41′58″W / 45.00667°N 110.69944°W / 45.00667; -110.69944Coordinates: 45°0′24″N 110°41′58″W / 45.00667°N 110.69944°W / 45.00667; -110.69944
Built: 1883
Architect: COE
Architectural style: Other
Governing body: National Park Service
MPS: Yellowstone National Park MPS
NRHP Reference#: 02000529 and 02000530
Added to NRHP: May 22, 2002[1]

The North Entrance Road Historic District comprises Yellowstone National Park's North Entrance Road from Gardiner, Montana to the park headquarters at Mammoth Hot Springs, Wyoming, a distance of a little over five miles (8 km). The North Entrance Road was the first major road in the park, necessary to join the U.S. Army station at Fort Yellowstone to the Northern Pacific Railroad at Gardiner. The road includes the Roosevelt Arch at the northern boundary of the park and winds through rolling terrain before crossing the Gardner River and joining the Grand Loop Road.[2] The road was planned in 1883 by Lieutenant Dan Kingman of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and later on improved by Captain Hiram M. Chittenden of the Corps.,.[3][4] It replaced the old Gardiner High Road which went from behind the Mammoth Hotel north over the ridges west of the river to the town of Gardiner. The first permanent entrance station to house rangers checking vehicle entering the park was constructed in 1921. It replaced temporary tents used by rangers at the Roosevelt Arch.[5]

The North Entrance Road is an unsigned portion of US 89.

Images of the North Entrance Road Historic District
Gardner River Crossing, 1901  
Lower Gardner River, 1923  
Grand Loop bridge over Gardner River  
Northern Pacific Railroad Terminal at northern end of road.  
Stagecoaches enroute to Mammoth, 1904  
Stagecoaches at Mammoth  
Lower Gardner River road, 1912  
North Entrance Station, 1922  
North Entrance Station, 1936  
New North Entrance Station, 1938  
North Entrance Station, 1949  
North Entrance Station, 1990  

Contents

See also

Further reading

Notes

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html. 
  2. ^ "North Entrance Road Historic District". National Register of Historic Places. Wyoming State Preservation Office. 2008-10-01. http://wyoshpo.state.wy.us/NationalRegister/site.aspx?id=491. 
  3. ^ Marcy Shivers Culpin, Christine Whitacre, Catherine Lentz and Lon Johnson (2001). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: North Entrance Road Historic DistrictPDF (521 KB). National Park Service 
  4. ^ Bartlett, Richard A. (1989). Yellowstone-A Wilderness Besieged. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press. pp. 75–80. ISBN 0816510989. 
  5. ^ The History of the Construction of the Road System of Yellowstone National Park 1872-1966 (Report). National Park Service. 1994. pp. 299. http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/yell_roads/hrst.htm. 

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