Caption =
DiseasesDB = 10122
ICD10 = ICD10|J|94|8|j|90
ICD9 = ICD9|511.8
MedlinePlus =
eMedicineSubj =
eMedicineTopic =
MeshID = D006876
A hydrothorax is a condition that results from serous fluid accumulating in the pleural cavity. This specific condition can be related to cirrhosis with ascites in which ascitic fluid leaks into the pleural cavity. Hepatic hydrothorax is often difficult to manage in end-stage liver failure and often fails to respond to therapy.

In similar pleural effusions, hemothorax this fluid is blood (as in major chest injuries), in pyothorax the fluid is pus (resulting from chest infections), and in chylothorax it is lymph fluid (resulting from rupture of the thoracic duct).


Treatment of hydrothorax is difficult for several reasons. The underlying condition needs to be corrected, however often the source of the hydrothorax is end stage liver disease and corrected only by transpant. Chest tube placement should not occur. Other measures such as a TIPS procedure are more effective as they treat the etiology of the hydrothorax, however have complications such as worsened hepatic encephalopathy.

Related links

* Pleural effusion
* Pneumothorax

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • hydrothorax — [ idrotɔraks ] n. m. • 1795; de hydro et thorax ♦ Pathol. Épanchement de liquide clair, non inflammatoire, dans la plèvre. Hydrothorax dans la néphrite chronique accompagnée d œdèmes. ● hydrothorax nom masculin Épanchement d un liquide de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hydrothorax — Hy dro*tho rax, n. [Hydro , 1 + thorax.] (Med.) An accumulation of serous fluid in the cavity of the chest. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hydrothōrax — (gr.), Brustwassersucht …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hydrothōrax — Hydrothōrax, s. Brustwassersucht …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hydrothorax — Hydrothōrax (grch.), Brustwassersucht …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hydrothorax — Hydrothorax, Brustwassersucht …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • hydrothorax — [hī΄drəthôr′aks΄] n. [ModL: see HYDRO & THORAX] a condition marked by the accumulation of watery fluid in the pleural cavity …   English World dictionary

  • Hydrothorax — kombinierter Sero (B)/ Pneumothorax (A) Serothorax (Syn. Hydrothorax) ist eine Ansammlung seröser Flüssigkeit im Brustraum. Im Regelfall erfolgt sie im Pleuraspalt und wird dann als Pleuraerguss bezeichnet. Am ehesten werden die Flüssigkeiten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • hydrothorax — hydrothoracic /huy droh theuh ras ik/, adj. /huy dreuh thawr aks, thohr /, n. Pathol. the presence of serous fluid in one or both pleural cavities. [1785 95; HYDRO 1 + THORAX] * * * ▪ medicine       accumulation of watery fluid in the pleural… …   Universalium

  • hydrothorax — noun Etymology: New Latin Date: 1793 an excess of serous fluid in the pleural cavity; especially an effusion resulting from failing circulation (as in heart disease or from lung infection) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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