name =John Bartholomew (1831-1893)
caption =Cartographer and Engraver
John Bartholomew Junior (
December 25 1831- March 29 1893) was a Scottish cartographer, born in Edinburgh.
John Bartholomew Seniorstarted a cartographical establishment in Edinburgh,Scotland and he was educated in the work. He was subsequently assistant to the German geographer August Petermann, until in 1856 he took up the management of his father's firm. For this establishment, now known as the Edinburgh Geographical Institute, Bartholomew built up a reputation unsurpassed in Great Britainfor the production of the finest cartographical work.
Bartholomew is best known for the development of colour contouring (or
hypsometric tints), the system of representing altitudes on a graduated colour scale, with areas of high altitude in shades of brown and areas of low altitude in shades of green. He first showcased his colour contouring system at the Paris Exhibition of 1878; although it initially met with skepticism, it went on to become standard cartographical practice.
Among his numerous publications, particularly worthy of note is the series of maps of Great Britain reduced from the
Ordnance Surveyto scales of ½ inch and ¾ inch to 1 mile, with relief shown by contour lines and hypsometric tints. The ½ inch series is among the finest of its kind ever produced.
Upon his retirement in 1888, John Bartholomew was succeeded in the firm by his son John George, who extended the ½ inch series, and applied its principles to many other works. Bartholomew died in
Londonon March 29 1893.
John Bartholomew and Son Ltd.
* [http://www.johnbartholomew.com Bartholomew: A Scottish Family Heritage] - site maintained by the family.
* [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article3278108.ece Obituary in "The Times", February 1, 2008]
*See an 1856 map by John Bartholomew [http://texashistory.unt.edu/permalink/meta-pth-2432 "Texas, part of New Mexico &c. / drawn & engraved by J. Bartholomew."] hosted by the [http://texashistory.unt.edu/ Portal to Texas History]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
John Bartholomew and Son — Limited was a long established map publishing company originally based in Edinburgh, Scotland. Around 1888, the firm was renamed The Edinburgh Geographical Institute. The firm was also known as John Bartholomew and Co.HistoryGeorge Bartholomew… … Wikipedia
John Bartholomew Gough — (August 22, 1817 February 18, 1886), American temperance orator, was born at Sandgate, Kent, England.He was educated by his mother, a schoolmistress, and at the age of twelve was sent to the United States to seek his fortune. He lived for two… … Wikipedia
John Bartholomew Tucker — (born April 9, 1930 in Pennsylvania) is an American radio and television personality, as well as an author.Along with Big Wilson, Tucker was the one of the last two communicators (hosts) of the long running NBC Radio program Monitor ; he was on… … Wikipedia
John Bartholomew Senior — Infobox Person name =John Bartholomew (1805 1861) caption =Cartographer and EngraverJohn Bartholomew Senior (April 26 1805 April 8 1861) was a Scottish cartographer and engraver. The son of George Bartholomew (1784–1871), John founded the… … Wikipedia
John Bartholomew and Son — ▪ British company mapmaking and publishing company of the United Kingdom, located in Edinburgh and specializing in the use of hypsometric (layer) colouring in relief maps. The company was established in 1826 by John Bartholomew. It… … Universalium
Bartholomew (name) — Bartholomew is an English given name that derives from the Aramaic name meaning son of Tholmai . Bar means son of in Aramaic, and thus its occurrence in a personal name indicates a patronymic. Tholmai is commonly supposed to mean furrows , and… … Wikipedia
Bartholomew — steht für: Bartholomew, eine Variante des Vornamens Bartholemew, siehe Bartholemew Bartholomew ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bob Bartholomew (* 1944), US amerikanischer Gewichtheber Dave Bartholomew (* 1920), US amerikanischer R B… … Deutsch Wikipedia
John Christopher Bartholomew — or J.C. Bartholomew (January 15, 1923 January 16, 2008) was a Scottish cartographer and geographer.He was the son of John (Ian) Bartholomew (1890 1962), and the great great grandson of the founder of John Bartholomew and Son Ltd..John served as… … Wikipedia
Bartholomew (disambiguation) — Bartholomew was one of the twelve Apostles of Jesus.Bartholomew may also refer to: *Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople current spiritual leader of the Greek Orthodox church. *Bartholomew (name), a given name and family name. *Bartholomew… … Wikipedia
Bartholomew Steer — ( bap. 1568 1597) was an unsuccessful rebellion leader in Oxfordshire, England. He was a carpenter, born in Hampton Poyle, Oxfordshire, brother to a weaver. In 1596, the area was suffering through famine and increasing poverty. The weavers and… … Wikipedia