- Texas Supreme Court
__noTOC__The Texas Supreme Court is the court of last resort for non-criminal matters (including
juvenile delinquencywhich the law considers to be a civil matter and not criminal) in the state of Texas. A different court, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, is the court of last resort for criminal matters.
The Court is composed of a Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices. The Court meets in
Austin, Texasin a building located on the state Capitol grounds, behind the Texas capitol.
Regulation of the legal profession in Texas
By statute, the Texas Supreme Court has administrative control over the
State Bar of Texas, an agency of the judiciary. [Tex. Gov’t Code section 81.011.] The Texas Supreme Court has the sole authority to license attorneys in Texas, [Tex. Gov't Code sections 81.061 and 82.021] and also appoints the members of the Board of Law Examiners [Tex. Gov't Code section 82.001] which, under instructions of the Supreme Court, administers the Texas bar examination. [Tex. Gov't Code section 82.004.]
Justices of the Court
The Court has a Chief Justice and eight associate justices. Each member of the Court must be at least 35 years of age, a citizen of Texas, licensed to practice law in Texas, and must have practiced law (or have been a lawyer and a judge of a court of record together) for at least ten years. [Tex. Const., Art. 5, Sec. 2.]
Election of members of the Court
The Chief Justice and the associate justices are elected to staggered six-year terms in state-wide partisan elections. When a vacancy arises the
Governor of Texasmay appoint Justices, subject to Senate confirmation, to serve out the remainder of an unexpired term until the next general election. As of|2008, five of the current Justices, a majority, were originally appointed by Governor Rick Perry. The current Justices, like all the Judges of the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, are all Republican.
The place numbers have no special meaning as all justices are elected state-wide, except that the Chief Justice position is considered "Place 1".
* [http://www.supreme.courts.state.tx.us/ Official Website for the Texas Supreme Court]
* [http://texashistory.unt.edu/browse/collection/TXRPT/ The Texas Reports, the decisions of the Texas Supreme Court from 1846 to 1885] , hosted by the [http://texashistory.unt.edu/ Portal to Texas History]
* [http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/JJ/jzj1.html Texas Judiciary page from The Handbook of Texas Online]
* [http://www.texascourthistory.org/ Texas Supreme Court Historical Society]
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