- Zlatograd dialect
The Zlatograd dialect is a Bulgarian dialect, member of the Rup or Southeastern Bulgarian dialects. The Zlatograd dialect is spoken in the southwestern part of the Eastern
Rhodopes, i.e. in the town of Zlatograd, as well as a number of neighbouring villages and towns, e.g. Nedelino, Kirkovo, etc. The Zlatograd dialect is most closely related to the eastern and western Rup dialects, but also shares a number of phonological and morphological characteristics with the Rhodopean dialects. Thus, it is usually considered to be transitional between the two groups.
Phonological and morphological characteristics
* The reflex of Old Church Slavonic yat is usually IPA|ʲa before a hard syllable and broad e (IPA|æ) before a soft syllable: "бял/бIPA|æли" instead of formal Bulgarian "бял/бели" (white). However, there are also a number of cases where the reflex of yat is IPA|ʲa even before a soft syllable: "врIPA|ʲaме" vs. formal Bulgarian "време". This a feature the Zlatograd dialect shares with the
Serres-Nevrokop dialectand certain subdialects of the Thracian dialect
* a is not transformed into IPA|/ɛ/ before a soft syllable: "жаба-жаби" as in Standard Bulgarian. This is a Western Bulgarian feature separating the Zlatograd dialect from the rest of the Rup dialects
* Individual development of the Old Church Slavonic jers and nasal vowels (as in the
Rup dialects)::ъ (IPA|ə) for Old Church Slavonic Unicode |ѫ (yus) and ъ (IPA|ə) (as in Standard Bulgarian) – "мъш, сън" (man, sleep):IPA|ɛ for both Old Church Slavonic little yus (Unicode|ѧ) and ь
* Articulation of unstressed o as a (as in Russian): "кабила" vs. formal Bulgarian "кобила" (mare). This feature is also typical for the
For other phonological and morphological characteristics typical for all Rup or Rhodopean dialects, cf.
Стойков, Стойко: Българска диалектология, Акад. изд. "Проф. Марин Дринов", 2006 [http://www.promacedonia.org/jchorb/st/st_2_b_izt_3.htm#zlatogradski]
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