Piccolomini (pronounced [pikkoˡlɔːmini] ) is the name of an Italian noble family, which was prominent in Siena from the beginning of the 13th century onwards. In 1220, Engelberto d'Ugo Piccolomini received the fief of Montertari in Val d'Orcia from the emperor Frederick II as a reward for services rendered. The family acquired houses and towers in Siena and castles in the republic: territory, including Montone and Castiglione; the latter they sold to the commune in 1321.

The Piccolomini's also managed to gain two popes during the initiating renaissance: Pius II and Pius III. They obtained great wealth through trade, and established counting-houses in Genoa, Venice, Aquileia, Trieste, and in various cities of France and Germany. Supporters of the Guelph cause in the civil broils by which Siena was torn, they were driven from the city during the time of Manfred of Sicily and their houses demolished; they returned in triumph after the Angevin victories, were expelled once more during the brief reign of Conradin, and again returned to Siena with the help of Charles of Anjou. But through their riotous political activity, the Piccolomini lost their commercial influence, which passed into the hands of the Florentines, although they retained their palaces, castles and about twenty fiefs, some of which were in the territory of Amalfi and of great extent.

Prominent family members

Many members of he house were distinguished ecclesiastics, generals and statesmen in Siena and elsewhere.

Two of them became popes:

*Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini (papal name Pius II)
*Francesco Piccolomini (papal name Pius III)

Other distinguished members include:

*Prince Octavio Piccolomini, Duke of Amalfi, soldier
*Alessandro Piccolomini, astronomer and author
*Jan Gabriel Stanislav Piccolomini-Pieri- Macak, poet, musician and Christian philosopher
*Joachim Piccolomini, Sienese blessed
*Ascanio Piccolomini, Archbishop 1621-1671
*Antonio Piccolomini, First Duke of Amalfi d 1493, Antonio Todeschini Piccolomini, Duke of Amalfi, a nephew of Pope Pius II and brother of Pope Pius III.
*Alfonso Piccolomini, Duke of Amalfi 1493-1499. Son of Antonio and hapless husband of Joan (Giovanna) of Aragon, daughter of Ferdinand I, King of Naples. The story of their marriage is dramatised in Webster's infamous "Duchess of Malfi".


*Richter, "Die Piccolomini" (Berlin, 1874)
*A. Lisini and A. Liberati, "Albero della famiglia Piccolomini" (Siena, 1899)
*Articles by A. Lisini in the "Miscellanea storica senese", 3rd series 12, and 4th series, 17 and 189.

External links

*Piccolomini family tree at [http://www.geocities.com/piccolomini_pieri/familytree.html]

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