- Reservoir capacitor
A reservoir capacitor is a
capacitorthat is used to smooth the pulsating DC from an AC rectifier.
Performance with low impedance source
The above diagram shows reservoir performance from a near zero
impedancesource, such as a mains supply. As the rectifier voltageincreases, it charges the capacitor and also supplies currentto the load. At the end of the quarter cycle, the capacitor is charged to its peak value Vm of the rectifier voltage. Following this, the rectifier voltage starts to decrease as it enters the next quarter cycle. This initiates the discharge of the capacitor through the load.
Performance with significant impedance source
These circuits are very frequently fed from
transformers, and have significant resistance. Transformer resistance modifies the reservoir capacitor waveform, changes the peak voltage, and introduces regulation issues.
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