Abd Allah ibn Mas'ud


Abd Allah ibn Mas'ud

Infobox_Muslim scholars | region = Muslim scholar| era = Islamic golden age| color = #cef2e0 |


| image_caption = |
| name = Abd-Allah ibn Mas'ud| title= | birth = | death = AH|32|652|+ [http://www.jamiat.org.za/isinfo/tirmidhi01.html] | Maddhab = | main_interests = | notable idea=
works =
influences = | influenced = Alqama ibn Qays al-Nakha'i [http://archive.muslimuzbekistan.com/eng/islam/2002/07/q18072002.html ::: 'ULUM AL-QUR'AN #3 - THE HISTORY OF TAFSIR ::: ] ]
Aswad ibn Yazid
Masruq ibn al-Ajda' |

Abd-Allah ibn Mas'ud ( _ar. عبدالله بن مسعود) (d.ca.652) was the 6th man who converted to Islam after Muhammad started preaching in Mecca. He was also one of the closest companions to Muhammad.

Biography

Muhammad's saleh Allah alaihe wa salam era

First encounter with Muhammad saleh Allah alaihe wa salam

According to Muslim sources, he was a child sheepherder working for [Uqbah ibn Abu Mu'ayt] ..Muhammad saleh Allah alaihe wa salam was passing by him with Abu Bakr May Allah be pleased with him when they asked Abd-Allah to give them some milk from one of the goats. He refused because they were not his goats to give away their milk. So Muhammad saleh Allah alaihe wa salam asked him if there was a goat that never gave milk and he touched it instantly. The goat produced milk, so they drank milk and ibn Mas'ud asked Muhammad saleh Allah alaihe wa salam to teach him how to do this. Muhammad saleh Allah alaihe wa salam said to him ( _ar. إنك غلام معلم), which means you've been taught.

Life as Muslim

It was not long before Abdullah ibn Masud became a Muslim and offered to be in the service of the Prophet saleh Allah alaihe wa salam. The Prophet saleh Allah alaihe wa salam agreed and Abdullah ibn Masud gave up tending sheep in exchange for looking after the needs of the Prophet saleh Allah alaihe wa salam. Abdullah received a unique training in the household of Muhammad saleh Allah alaihe wa salam, and it was said of him, "He was the closest to the Prophet saleh Allah alaihe wa salam in character." It is also related that once, when a young Abd-Allah ibn Mas'ud recited the Qur'an in the Ka'aba, he was mercilessly beaten by the Quraish.

During Rashidun Caliphates

Ibn Mas'ud held administrative and diplomatic duties under the caliphs Umar ibn al-Khattab (r.634-644) and Uthman ibn Affan (d.656), but he eventually broke with the latter. Some of his well-known disciples in Kufa included Alqama ibn Qays al-Nakha'i, Aswad ibn Yazid and Masruq ibn al-Ajda' .

Ibn Mas'ud is especially important for traditions on the interpretation of the Quran, having been present for many revelations. He also deemed triple talaq as a single one. Triple talaq is a controversial Sunni Islamic procedure whereby a husband can divorce his wife by saying to her "talaq, talaq, talaq" ("I divorce you", three times). It is not used in Shi'a jurisprudence, since they deem the talaq to be a procedure rather than a decision.

Legacy

unni view

Sunnis include him in the Hadith of Learning Qur'an from four people, in which according to the hadith, Muhammad Rasool Allah said: "Learn the Qur'an from four persons: Abd-Allah ibn Mas'ud,Salim Mawla Abu-Hudhayfah, Ubayy ibn Kab and Muadh ibn Jabal.By Allah-besides whom there is none worthy of worship but Him- there is not a surah(chapter) from the Book of Allah that has been revealed but I know where it was revealed. Likewise, no surah(chapter) from the Book of Allah has been revealed but I know about whom it was revealed . And if I knew of any person more knowledgeable about the Book of Allah than myself I would have travelled to him if it was possible."

References

See also

*Islam

External links

* [http://www.witness-pioneer.org/vil/Articles/companion/02_abu_bakr.htm Story]


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