2nd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Infantry Division (United States)
The 2nd Brigade Combat Team, also known as the "Dagger Brigade", is a maneuver
brigadein the U.S. 1st Infantry Division. The brigade is stationed in Fort Riley, Kansas.
December 11, 1980the 2nd Brigade was authorized their own Distinctive Unit Insignia(DUI). It is described as "a silver device 1 1/4 inches in height overall consisting of a blue arrowhead on which is superimposed a silver lion."
The 2nd Brigade, as of
2008, is composed of:
* 2nd Brigade Special Troops Battalion
* 5th Squadron, 4th Cavalry Regiment
* 1st Battalion, 77th Armor Regiment
* 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment "Vanguards"
* 1st Battalion, 7th Field Artillery Regiment "First Lightning"
* 1st Battalion, 63rd Armor Regiment
* 299th Brigade Support Battalion "Lifeline"
The 2nd Dagger Brigade was first constituted on
May 24, 1917as Headquarters, 2nd Infantry Brigade of the 1st Expeditionary Division, which was later designated as the 1st Division.
World War I
The 2nd Brigade deployed to
Francein December of 1917with the rest of the U.S. 1st Infantry Divisionas part of the American Expeditionary Force(AEF), as the American military was known in World War I. The brigade participated in many campaigns, including the Meuse-Argonne Offensiveand the Battle of Saint-Mihiel.
The brigade redeployed at the end of
World War Iin August, 1918.
World War II
*At the start of World War II, 2nd Brigade was stationed at
Fort Ontarioat Oswego, New York. It was relieved from assignment to the 1st Infantry Division on October 16, 1939, and moved to Pierrepont, New Yorkas a Separate Infantry Brigade on March 29, 1940.
*2nd Infantry Brigade remained at Pierrepont, New York until
June 1, 1940, when they returned to Fort Ontario. 2nd Infantry Brigade was Inactivated on the same day.
1942units that had previously been under 2nd Brigade participated in Operation Torch, the landings on North Africa. The 1st Infantry Division at that time was composed of only three infantry regiments, the 16th Infantry, 18th Infantry, and 26th Infantry, all of which distinguished themselves in the push across North Africa from the Kasserine Pass to Rommel's eventual defeat at the Second Battle of El Alamein. These units were then moved to Tidworth Campin Wiltshire, Englandin anticipation of a cross-channel invasion late in 1942, but the next amphibious operation the unit would undertake next was to be in Sicily, not France.
The brigade participated in
Operation Husky, the invasion of Sicily, by storming ashore at Gela, July 10, 1943, and quickly overpowering the Italian defenses. Soon after, the German Herman Goering Tank Division counter-attacked with 100 tanks. With the help of naval gunfire, divisional artillery and Canadian allies, the counter-attack was repulsed. Brigade units then advanced and captured Nicosiaon July 28. During the Battle for Troina, from July 31, 1943to August 6, 1943, brigade units, including the 26th Infantry, were instrumental in capturing and then defending Troina from German counterattack. Even though the 26th was decimated due to intense counterattacks—one company reported only 17 men fit for duty by August 5th—the brigade held Troina. The brigade unit's refusal to give up Troina forced the German 15th Panzer Grenadier Division to retreat toward Randazzo, opening the Allied road to the Straits of Messina.
Operation Husky, the brigade units returned to England, this time in Dorsetto prepare for D-Dayat Normandy. Brigade units, led by the 16th Infantry and closely followed by the 18th, led the way across Omaha Beachat Normandy. It was on Omaha Beach that Col. George Taylor, commander of the 16th Infantry Regiment, famously told his men, "Two kinds of people are staying on this beach! The dead and those who are going to die! Now, let's get the hell out of here!"
The units participated in the
Battle of Normandythroughout the summer of 1944and subsequent operations across France, reaching the German border at Aachenin September. Along with the rest of the U.S. 1st Infantry Division, brigade units laid siege to Aachen, taking the city after a direct assault on October 21, 1944. They then attacked east of Aachen in the Battle of Hurtgen Forest, driving to the Roer River. Brigade units moved to a rest area on December 7thfor its first real rest in 6 months of combat, and were resting when the von Rundstedtoffensive "(aka Battle of the Bulge)" suddenly broke loose December 16, 1944. "Dagger Brigade" units raced to the Ardennes, and fighting continuously from December 17, 1944to January 14, 1945, helped blunt and turn back the German offensive. While the brigade itself was disbanded on January 15, 1945, brigade units kept fighting as part of the U.S. 1st Infantry Divisionuntil the end of the war in May 1945.
Post World War II
The "Dagger Brigade" didn't participate in the
Korean Waras it was still inactivated. On February 15, 1958the 2nd Brigade was re-activated at Fort Devensas the 2nd Infantry Brigade with its own shoulder sleeve insignia. It spent the next five years training in northern Massachusettsand Cape Cod. It was inactivated on February 19, 1963at Fort Devens, only to be reactivated on October 23, 1963as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2nd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division and moved (with the rest of the Division) to Fort Riley, Kansasin January, 1964.
July 12, 1965, the 2nd Brigade landed at Cam Ranh Bayand Vung Tau, making it the first element of an Infantry Division to arrive in Vietnam. The brigade returned to Fort Riley, Kansasin April of 1970.
Persian Gulf War
The Dagger Brigade deployed from
Fort Riley, Kansasto Saudi Arabiain December, 1990as part of the United States' offensive buildup. The brigade was commanded by Colonel Anthony Moreno. The brigade was composed of 2-16 Infantry Battalion, 3-37 Armor Battalion, and 4-37 Armor Battalion, plus supporting units. The brigade redeployed to Fort Riley in May, 1991.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
February 15, 1996the "Dagger Brigade" was relocated with the rest of the U.S. 1st Infantry Divisionto Europe. The "Dagger Brigade" replaced the U.S. 3rd Infantry Division's "Raider Brigade" in Schweinfurt, Germany.
Also in February
1996the "Dagger Brigade" deployed units to Bosnia and Herzegovinato participate in Operation Joint Endeavorwith the US 1st Armored Division.
October 7, 1996, the Brigade Combat Teamdeployed to Bosnia to cover the US 1st Armored Division's redeployment to Germany. The brigade participated in Operation Joint Endeavorand Operation Joint Guard, and served as a stabilization force. The brigade redeployed to Schweinfurt in May 1997, except for the 1-77 Armor Battalion task force, which stayed in Bosnia until November 1997.
The "Dagger Brigade" served in
Kosovoin 1999- 2000and again in 2002- 2003.The "Dagger Brigade" deployed to the Balkans twice in 1999, first as part of Task Force Sabrein Macedonia, then in Kosovoas part of Task Force Falcon. Task Force Falcon served as the U.S.component of the NATO-led Kosovo Force (KFOR) with the mission of conducting peackeeping operations in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia'a Serbian Kosovoprovince.
TF Falcon was under the command of the 1st Infantry Division and included elements from the 1st Armored Division. The "Dagger Brigade" enetered the war-torn province of Kosovo on
June 12, 1999. TF Falcon headquartered at Camp Bondsteel, and grew into a Multi-National Brigade, including units from Greece, Russia, Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, and the UK.
Initial efforts focused on monitoring and verifying the withdrawal of former
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia"(now Serbia and Montenegro)" forces and later the demilitarization and transformation of the Kosovo Liberation Army.
The "Dagger Brigade" rotated to Kosovo again in
2002, this time focused on maintaining the secure environment established by coalition forces.
2003 Invasion of Iraq
2003, elements of the "Dagger Brigade" deployed to Turkeyto support Operation Iraqi Freedom. Initial efforts were to prepare the way for the U.S. 4th Infantry Divisionto invade Iraqfrom the north. When the Turkish government denied access through their border, the 2nd brigade returned to Germany.
2004, the "Dagger Brigade" deployed to northern Iraq to serve as part of the occupation force. The Brigade Combat Teamincluded of 9th Engineer Battalion ,1-18 Infantry Battalion, 1-26 Infantry Battalion, 1-77 Armor Battalion, 2-108 Infantry Battalion, 1-7 Field Artillery Battalion, 2nd Brigade Recon Team plus supporting elements.
Return to CONUS
16 March 2008, 1st Infantry Division’s presence in Europe formally ended when the 2nd (Dagger) Brigade in Schweinfurt, Germany reflagged as the 172d Infantry Brigade. As part of the Grow the ArmyPlan announced 19 Dec 2007, the 172d is one of two Heavy Brigade Combat Teams (HBCT) that will be activated and retained in Germany until 2012 and 2013. The other HBCT is the 2d Brigade, 1st Armored Division in Baumholder, Germany, which will reflag to 170th Infantry Brigade in September 2010. On March 28, 2008, the 3rd Brigade, 1st Armored Division (HBCT) inactivated at Fort Riley. The Soldiers and equipment currently assigned were reflagged as 2d (Dagger) Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HBCT), aligning all units on Fort Riley under the 1st Infantry Division.
Return to Iraq
30 September 2008, the Dagger Brigade had its deployment Ceremony at the Cavalry Parade Field at Fort Riley, KS. Earlier this year, 2nd HBCT received their warning orders from DA to deploy this fall. With all the training all the troops received in the last yr and a half, they return to familiar territory of Northern Iraq.
*Constituted 24 May 1917 in the Regular Army as Headquarters, 2nd Infantry Brigade, and assigned to the 1st Expeditionary Division (later redesignated as the 1st Division)
*Organized 8 June 1917 at New York, New York
*Reorganized and redesignated 1 April 1921 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2nd Infantry Brigade
*Redesignated 23 March 1925 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2nd Brigade
*Redesignated 24 August 1936 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2nd Infantry Brigade
*Relieved 11 October 1939 from assignment to the 1st Division
*Inactivated 1 June 1940 at
Fort Ontario, New York
*Redesignated 30 June 1943 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2nd Airborne Infantry Brigade, and activated at
Camp Mackall, North Carolina
*Disbanded 15 January 1945 in
*Reconstituted 12 February 1958 in the Regular Army as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2nd Infantry Brigade
*Activated 15 February 1958 at
Fort Devens, Massachusetts
*Inactivated 19 February 1962 at Fort Devens, Massachusetts
*Redesignated 23 October 1963 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2nd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division
*Activated 2 January 1964 at
Fort Riley, Kansas
Campaign Participation Credit
World War I
# St. Mihiel
# Lorraine 1917
# Lorraine 1918
# Picardy 1918
World War II
# Counteroffensive, Phase II
# Counteroffensive, Phase III
# Tet Counteroffensive
# Counteroffensive, Phase IV
# Counteroffensive, Phase V
# Counteroffensive, Phase VI
# Tet 69/Counteroffensive
# Summer-Fall 1969
# Winter-Spring 1970
# Defense of Saudi Arabia
# Liberation and Defense of Kuwait
Meritorious Unit Commendation(Army) for VIETNAM 1969
Army Superior Unit Awardfor 1996-1997
Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantrywith Palm for VIETNAM 1965-1968
Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal, First Class for VIETNAM 1965-1970
Valorous Unit Awardfor SAMARRA October 2004 - November 2004
Valorous Unit Awardfor IRAQ February 2004-February 2005
* [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/1id-2bde.htm Global Security] Retrieved
July 17, 2005
* [http://www.schweinfurt.army.mil/sites/HOLD-2ndBDE/ 2nd Brigade Official Website] Retrieved
July 17, 2005
* [http://www.bigredone.org/ Society of the Big Red One] Retrieved
July 17, 2005
* [http://www2.army.mil/cmh-pg/lineage/branches/div/001id2bde.htm Lineage and Honors] Retrieved
July 17, 2005
* [http://www.military.com/HomePage/UnitPageHistory/1,13506,100000|778897,00.html Distinguished Unit] Retrieved
July 17, 2005
*Draft of "2nd Brigade History", compiled and edited by CPT Ross, 2nd Brigade Historian. Courtesy of CPT Ross.
July 26, 2005
* [http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/brochures/72-15465411516516/72-16.htm US Army history of Operation Husky] Retrieved
July 27, 2005http://www.militarycity.com/valor/2462013.html
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