Districts of Peru


Districts of Peru
Districts of Peru

The districts of Peru (Spanish: distritos) are the third-level country subdivisions of Peru. They are subdivisions of the provinces, which in turn are subdivisions of the larger regions or departments. There are 1,833 districts in total.[1]

Contents

Overview

A 1982 law requires a minimum of residents in an area for a new district to be legally established: 3,500 if it is located in the rainforest, 4,000 in the Andes highlands and 10,000 in the coastal area.

In the dry Andean area, many districts have less than 3 500 inhabitants due to low population density in the area. In some cases, their populations have decreased in comparison to the days when they were founded. Districts that are located at very high altitudes tend to be scarcely populated. These districts usually are large in area, have few available land for use. Many basic government services do not reach all residents of these districts due to their difficult geography. Many lack financial means to govern their whole jurisdictions and they often have high emigration rates.

A similar pattern can be observed in many districts located in the Peruvian Amazon rainforest. Once important settlements created during the era of colonization, they nowadays do not offer much space for agriculture. Deeper into the jungle, the districts of the 'selva alta' (lower jungle) have higher populations living on geographically large districts. Districts located outside the colonized area have very low populations that are entirely composed of Native Amazonian tribes.

All over the country, many districts have higher populations than the minimum required by law. This is true of the colonized areas of the rainforest, the northern Andes as well as in the southern Andes from Huancayo to the shores of Lake Titicaca, which is the historical heartland of the Peruvian highlands. These districts are old and tend to be smaller in area with high population densities since prehispanic times.

Districts in the Chala (coastal area) tend to be mid-sized except in low-density areas such as the Sechura desert and part of the Southern coast, but all of them feature large populations due to emigration from other regions of the country that turned the Peruvian coast into the country's main economic powerhouse.

Districts with a population of more than 10 000 inhabitants should ideally be subdivided, particularly if they are also large in area, as is the case in part of the Amazon rainforest. Colonization happens quickly and boundaries of districts are often not modified, except in large urban areas. This is less of a problem in the coast where communication is easier. However, reaching to large populations remain a problem in this area.[2]

Most populous districts

This is a list of the top twenty Peruvian districts by population, population density, area and elevation (of the district's capital).[2] http://iinei.inei.gob.pe/iinei/perumapas/

By population

# District Province Region UBIGEO Population
1 San Juan de Lurigancho Lima Lima 150132 &10000000000812656000000812,656
2 San Martín de Porres Lima Lima 150135 &10000000000525155000000525,155
3 Comas Lima Lima 150110 &10000000000464745000000464,745
4 Ate Lima Lima 150103 &10000000000419663000000419,663
5 Callao Callao Callao 070101 &10000000000389579000000389,579
6 Villa El Salvador Lima Lima 150142 &10000000000367436000000367,436
7 Villa María del Triunfo Lima Lima 150143 &10000000000355761000000355,761
8 San Juan de Miraflores Lima Lima 150133 &10000000000335237000000335,237
9 Lima Lima Lima 150101 &10000000000289855000000289,855
10 Los Olivos Lima Lima 150117 &10000000000286549000000286,549
11 Trujillo Trujillo La Libertad 130101 &10000000000276921000000276,921
12 Santiago de Surco Lima Lima 150140 &10000000000272690000000272,690
13 Chorrillos Lima Lima 150108 &10000000000262595000000262,595
14 Chiclayo Chiclayo Lambayeque 140101 &10000000000251407000000251,407
15 Piura Piura Piura 200101 &10000000000247943000000247,943
16 Ventanilla Callao Callao 070106 &10000000000243526000000243,526
17 Juliaca San Román Puno 211101 &10000000000218485000000218,485
18 Chimbote Santa Ancash 021801 &10000000000217303000000217,303
19 Callería Coronel Portillo Ucayali 250101 &10000000000208292000000208,292
20 Puente Piedra Lima Lima 150125 &10000000000203473000000203,473

Source: INEI[2]

By population density

# District Province Region UBIGEO Population
density
(/km²)
1 Breña Lima Lima 150105 &1000000000002449200000024,492
2 Surquillo Lima Lima 150141 &1000000000002433600000024,336
3 La Victoria Lima Lima 150115 &1000000000002176400000021,764
4 La Perla Callao Callao 070104 &1000000000002167400000021,674
5 Arequipa Arequipa Arequipa 040101 &1000000000002143100000021,431
6 Carmen de la Legua Reynoso Callao Callao 070103 &1000000000001907500000019,075
7 Florencia de Mora Trujillo La Libertad 130103 &1000000000001880300000018,803
8 Lince Lima Lima 150116 &1000000000001720200000017,202
9 Pueblo Libre Lima Lima 150121 &1000000000001641400000016,414
10 Bellavista Callao Callao 070102 &1000000000001595600000015,956
11 Los Olivos Lima Lima 150117 &1000000000001570100000015,701
12 Santa Anita Lima Lima 150137 &1000000000001504000000015,040
13 Rímac Lima Lima 150128 &1000000000001481000000014,810
14 San Martín de Porres Lima Lima 150135 &1000000000001422800000014,228
15 San Juan de Miraflores Lima Lima 150133 &1000000000001398000000013,980
16 Independencia Lima Lima 150112 &1000000000001355100000013,551
17 Magdalena del Mar Lima Lima 150120 &1000000000001342000000013,420
18 San Luis Lima Lima 150134 &1000000000001325400000013,254
19 El Agustino Lima Lima 150111 &1000000000001319200000013,192
20 Lima Lima Lima 150101 &1000000000001318700000013,187

Source: INEI[2]

By area

# District Province Region UBIGEO Area
(km²)
1 Putumayo Maynas Loreto 160109 &1000000000003494290000034,942.9
2 Napo Maynas Loreto 160107 &1000000000002429809999924,298.1
3 Tambopata Tambopata Madre de Dios 170101 &1000000000002221859999922,218.6
4 Tigre Loreto Loreto 160303 &1000000000001978570000019,785.7
5 Echarate La Convención Cusco 080902 &1000000000001913550000019,135.5
6 Purús Purús Ucayali 250401 &1000000000001784779999917,847.8
7 Urarinas Loreto Loreto 160305 &1000000000001577839999915,778.4
8 Iñapari Tahuamanu Madre de Dios 170301 &1000000000001485370000014,853.7
9 Raymondi Atalaya Ucayali 250201 &1000000000001450850000014,508.5
10 Alto Nanay Maynas Loreto 160102 &1000000000001429079999914,290.8
11 Masisea Coronel Portillo Ucayali 250104 &1000000000001410220000014,102.2
12 Yavarí Mariscal Ramón Castilla Loreto 160403 &1000000000001380750000013,807.5
13 Parinari Loreto Loreto 160302 &1000000000001295170000012,951.7
14 Trompeteros Loreto Loreto 160304 &1000000000001224600000012,246.0
15 Andoas Datem del Marañón Loreto 160706 &1000000000001154979999911,549.8
16 Pebas Mariscal Ramón Castilla Loreto 160402 &1000000000001143700000011,437.0
17 Puerto Bermúdez Oxapampa Pasco 190306 &1000000000001098810000010,988.1
18 Fitzcarrald Manu Madre de Dios 170202 &1000000000001095529999910,955.3
19 Yaquerana Requena Loreto 160511 &1000000000001094720000010,947.2
20 Morona Datem del Marañón Loreto 160208 &1000000000001077700000010,777.0

Source: INEI[2]

By elevation

# District Province Region UBIGEO Elevation
(m)
1 Suykutambo Espinar Cusco 080807 4801
2 Condoroma Espinar Cusco 080802 4737
3 San Antonio Puno Puno 210113 4700
4 Ananea San Antonio de Putina Puno 211002 4660
5 Morococha Yauli Junín 120805 4550
6 San Antonio de Chuca Caylloma Arequipa 040514 4525
7 Santa Ana Castrovirreyna Huancavelica 090411 4473
8 Marcapomacocha Yauli Junín 120804 4415
9 Capazo El Collao Puno 210502 4400
10 Paratia Lampa Puno 210707 4390
11 Cojata Huancané Puno 210602 4355
12 Yanacancha Pasco Pasco 190113 4350
13 Chaupimarca Pasco Pasco 190101 4338
14 Macusani Carabaya Puno 210301 4315
15 Huayllay Pasco Pasco 190104 4310
16 Caylloma Caylloma Arequipa 040505 4310
17 Vilavila Lampa Puno 210710 4300
18 Tanta Yauyos Lima 151028 4278
19 Tinyahuarco Pasco Pasco 190111 4275
20 Suitucancha Yauli Junín 120809 4255

Source: INEI[2]

Districts table

District Province Region Capital UBIGEO

See also

References


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