Shinsei Bank


Shinsei Bank

Infobox_Company
company_name = Shinsei Bank, Ltd.
株式会社新生銀行
company_
company_type = Public KK (tyo|8303)
foundation = 1952 (as Long-Term Credit Bank of Japan)
location = Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
and 39 other offices
key_people = Masamoto Yashiro, Chairman
Thierry Porté, President
industry = Banking
products =
revenue = ¥177 billion (1.57 billion USD) (2004)
net_income = ¥67.4 billion (600 million USD) (2004)
num_employees = 2,052 (2005)
homepage = [http://www.shinseibank.com/ www.shinseibank.com]
nihongo|Shinsei Bank, Ltd.|株式会社新生銀行|Kabushiki-gaisha Shinsei Ginkō is a Japanese commercial bank.

History

Shinsei Bank is the successor of a trust bank, the Long-Term Credit Bank of Japan, which had a government monopoly on the issuance of many long-term debt securities. Following the collapse of the Japanese asset price bubble in 1989, the bank was riddled with bad debts: the government nationalized it in 1998, and it was delisted from the Tokyo Stock Exchange. After several proposed mergers with domestic banks, LTCB was sold to an international group led by US-based Ripplewood Holdings in March 2000 for ¥121 billion, the first time in history that a Japanese bank came under foreign control. Investor Christopher Flowers also played a major role in the buyout syndicate and remains a key shareholder of the company today.

As part of the purchase and sale agreement, the government included a nihongo|"defect warranty provision"|瑕疵担保条項|kashi tanpo jōkō to the effect that Shinsei could demand within the next three years that the government purchase any claims which had fallen by twenty percent or more from book value. A similar provision was afforded Aozora Bank, the successor of LTCB's similarly beleaguered sister company Nippon Credit Bank.

LTCB was relaunched as "Shinsei Bank" (literally "Newborn" or "New Life" Bank) in June 2000, with new management and services. Many of Shinsei's managers have previous experience working for foreign financial instutitions in Japan, such as CEO Thierry Porte (formerly of Morgan Stanley) and CIO Jay Dvivedi (formerly of Citibank). [ [http://www.japaninc.net/article.php?articleID=140 Dhananjaya "Jay" Dvivedi | www.japaninc.com ] ] Shinsei continued to use the Long-Term Credit Bank SWIFT code (LTCBJPJT).

Shinsei used the defect warranty provision to dispose of all the worst debts owed to the bank. Several companies which had used LTCB as their primary bank went bankrupt as a result, including Sogo and the Dai-Ichi Hotel. This created a furor in Japan: politicians especially criticized Goldman Sachs, which advised on the sale of LTCB, for not warning the government of the risks inherent in the defect security provision.

Shinsei then raised ¥230 billion in an IPO on February 20, 2004. The purchase of Shinsei thus turned a profit of over ¥100 billion within four years. The success of the IPO intensified criticism of Shinsei, however: the government was estimated to have lost ¥4-5 trillion on the deal between lost investments and forced purchases of bad debt, and the profits from the deal even escaped Japanese taxation through the use of a foreign investment partnership. In April 2004, the bank exchanged its long-term credit banking license for a standard commercial banking license.

The Financial Services Agency issued an improvement order to Shinsei on June 29, 2007 after the revenues of the company fell dramatically below targets. In 2008, the bank sold its headquarters building near Hibiya Park and its operations center in Meguro in order to avoid falling below targets again due to investment writedowns during the subprime crisis in the United States.

ervices

Shinsei Bank divides its business into three components: retail banking, institutional banking and consumer/commercial finance. [ [http://www.shinseibank.com/investors/en/ir/company/strategy.html Shinsei Bank | Our Business and Strategy ] ]

Retail banking

Shinsei offers a number of unique services as part of its basic "PowerFlex" savings account, including:

* Free 24-hour ATM service, with locations in many Tokyo Metro, Keikyu and Kintetsu stations, as well as Seven-Eleven and Daily Yamazaki convenience stores
* "Cash back" for any ATM fees incurred when making withdrawals overseas
* Banking office hours until 7 PM in many locations (most Japanese banks close much earlier, often as early as 3 PM)
* Foreign currency deposits as part of the standard account package (unique to Shinsei and Tokyo Star Bank)
* Instant cash card issuance for customers opening new accounts in person with photo ID

The Shinsei banking system is based on the FLEXCUBE software developed by i-flex solutions.

Shinsei also gears many of its services toward resident foreigners in Japan, with English-language online banking and telephone support, as well as no requirement for a personal seal in order to open an account.

Many Shinsei branches are combined with Starbucks coffee shops.

Institutional banking

Shinsei combines its commercial and investment banking operations into an "Institutional Banking" division which engages in a broad range of commercial lending and equity investment. The IB division is affiliated with four subsidiary companies: Shinsei Investment Management, Shinsei Securities, Shinsei Servicer and Shinsei Trust and Banking. [ [http://www.shinseibank.com/institutional/en/affiliates/index.html Shinsei Bank | Institutional - Affiliates ] ] Shinsei also does considerable investment business in Europe through subsidiaries in London and Frankfurt.

Consumer and commercial finance

Shinsei operates many of its services in this field through its subsidiaries APLUS (consumer finance), Shinki (owner of the NoLoan consumer finance company), Showa Leasing (commercial and consumer leasing), Shinsei Business Finance (unsecured lending) and Shinsei Property Finance (mortgages). [ [http://www.shinseibank.com/nonbank/en/company/index.html Shinsei Bank | Small Business - Group Company Profiles ] ]

References

* "Saving the Sun : A Wall Street Gamble to Rescue Japan from Its Trillion-Dollar Meltdown" by Gillian Tett
* " [http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/05_24/b3937062.htm Japan's Shinsei Midsize Bank, Supersize Ambitions] ," "Business Week", June 13, 2005.

External links

* [http://www.shinseibank.com/english/ Official English website]


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