- Combat 18
Logo derived from the Totenkopf used by the 3rd SS Panzer Division of the Waffen-SS.
Motto Whatever it takes Formation 1992 Type Neo-Nazism,
Purpose/focus Paramilitary fomenting national socialist revolution, against the supposed Zionist Occupation Government. Location United Kingdom, Ireland, Belgium, Germany, Russia, United States, Canada, Australia, Iceland, Czech Republic, Serbia, Sweden, Denmark Key people Charlie Sargent Affiliations Redwatch, Blood and Honour, National Socialist Movement, Racial Volunteer Force
Combat 18 (C18) is a violent neo-Nazi organisation associated with Blood and Honour. It originated in the United Kingdom, but has since spread to other countries. Members of Combat 18 have been suspected in numerous deaths of immigrants, non-whites, and other C18 members. The 18 in its name is derived from the initials of Adolf Hitler: A and H are the first and eighth letters of the Latin alphabet. Combat 18 members are barred from joining the British Prison Service and police.
Combat 18 was formed in early 1992 by Charlie Sargent. C18 soon attracted national attention for threats of violence against immigrants, members of ethnic minorities and leftists. In 1992, it started publishing Redwatch magazine, which contained photographs, names and addresses of political opponents. Combat 18 is an openly neo-Nazi group that is devoted to violence and is hostile to electoral politics, and for this reason Sargent split decisively from the BNP in 1993.
1997: Murder of Christopher Castle
Sargent had split with his former C18 colleagues over allegations that he was an informer for British security services. The rival faction, led by Wilf "The Beast" Browning wanted Sargent to return to them the C18 membership list, for which they were to return his plastering tools and £1,000. However such was the animosity and fear between them that a mutually acceptable go-between, 28 year-old C18 member, "Catford Chris" Castle, was driven to Sargent's mobile home in Harlow, Essex, by Browning, who waited in the car, whilst Castle went to visit Sargent. He was met at the door by Charlie Sargent and his political associate, Martin Cross. Cross plunged a nine-inch (22 cm) blade into Castle's back. Browning took Castle to hospital in a taxi, but doctors were unable to save him and he died shortly after arriving in hospital.
Despite his attempting to implicate Browning, Sargent was convicted of murder at Chelmsford Crown Court the following year. He and Cross were sentenced to life imprisonment and remain in prison to this day.
Between 1998 and 2000, dozens of Combat 18 members in the UK were arrested on various charges during dawn raids by the police. These raids were part of several operations conducted by Scotland Yard in co-operation with MI5. Those arrested included Steve Sargent (brother of Charlie Sargent), David Myatt and two serving British soldiers, Darren Theron (Parachute Regiment) and Carl Wilson. One of those whose house was raided was Adrian Marsden, who later became a councillor for the British National Party (BNP). Several of those arrested were later imprisoned, including Andrew Frain (seven years) and Jason Marriner (six years).
Some journalists believed that the White Wolves are a C18 splinter group, alleging that the group had been set up by Del O'Connor, the former second-in-command of C18 and member of Skrewdriver Security. The document issued by the White Wolves announcing their formation has been attributed to David Myatt, whose Practical Guide to Aryan Revolution allegedly inspired nailbomber David Copeland, who was jailed for life in 2000 after being found guilty of causing a series of bombings in April 1999 that killed three people and injured many others.
A group calling itself the Racial Volunteer Force split from C18 in 2002, although it has retained close links to its parent organization. On October 28, 2003, German police officers conducted raids on 50 properties in Kiel and Flensburg that were believed to be linked to German supporters of the group. The Anti-Defamation League says there are Combat 18 chapters in Illinois, Florida and Texas. On 6 September 2006, the Belgian police arrested 20 members of Combat 18 Flanders. Fourteen of them were soldiers in the Belgian army. In July 2008, C18 was painted on St. Mary's Oratory in County Londonderry. In November 2008, BNP chairman Nick Griffin claimed that C18 was an "effectively fictitious" and "police-run" organisation.
C18 has long been associated with loyalists in Northern Ireland. On 18 June 2009, graves belonging to numerous people, including Provisional Irish Republican Army hunger-striker Bobby Sands were desecrated with C18 graffiti.
Racist attacks on immigrants continue from members of C18. Weapons, ammunition and explosives have been seized by police in the UK and almost every country in which C18 is active.
In late 2010 five members of Combat 18 Australia were charged over an attack on a Mosque in Perth, Western Australia. Several rounds were fired from a high powered rifle into the dome of the Canning Turkish Islamic Mosque, causing over $15,000 damage.
Links with football hooliganism
Members of the organisation include known football hooligans. The most high profile incident involving Combat 18 members in football came on 15 February 1995, when violence broke out in the stands at Lansdowne Road in the international friendly between the Republic of Ireland and England. There was also sectarian motivated taunting of "No Surrender To The IRA" aimed at Irish fans.
- Johnny Adair
- Bloed, Bodem, Eer en Trouw
- Chelsea Headhunters
- Harold Covington
- David Myatt
- Order of Flemish militants
- White power skinhead
- List of white nationalist organizations
- Vítkov arson attack of 2009
- ^ Staff Membership of Racist Groups and Organisations: Annex A, HM Prison Service, 2001
- ^ BBC News,"Officer resigns over BNP badge" 3 October 2008
- ^ BNP Under the skin: 1992, BBC, 2001
- ^ World in Action documentary April 1993
- ^ , BBC, 2001
- ^ Nick Ryan, 'Memoirs of a Street Fighting Man'
- ^ "MI5 swoops on Army 'neo-Nazis'", Sunday Telegraph, 7 March 1999
- ^ BNP Under the skin: Profile of Adrian Marsden, BBC News
- ^ "Anti-terror police seek White Wolf racist over bombs", The Guardian, 28 April 1999]
- ^ "Combat 18" at www.metareligion.com
- ^ "German raids target neo-Nazis" BBC News, 28 October 2003
- ^ Anti-Defamation League "Racist Skinhead Project"
- ^ "Neo-Nazi vandals in church attack" BBC News Northern Ireland, 26 July 2008
- ^ "Today: Wednesday 19 November 2008". BBC News. 19 November 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/today/hi/today/newsid_7736000/7736870.stm. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
- ^ http://u.tv/News/C18-graffiti-daubed-on-graves/6b685efc-4006-4494-a066-dbba9187d2c1
- ^ "Belfast racists threaten to cut Romanian baby's throat"
- ^ Hopkins, Nick (20 April 1999). "Splinter group that found the BNP too soft". The Guardian (London). http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/1999/apr/20/uksecurity.nickhopkins.
- Lowles, Nick (2003). White Riot: The Violent Story of Combat 18. Milo Books. ISBN 1-903854-00-8.
- O'Hara, Larry (1996). Searchlight for Beginners. Phoenix Press. ISBN 0-948984-33-3.
- O'Hara, Larry (1994). Turning Up the Heat: MI5 After the Cold War. Phoenix Press. ISBN 0-948984-29-5.
- Official Combat 18 website
- Official UK Combat 18 website
- Combat 18 Russia
- Ex-Combat 18 man speaks out
- Combat 18's hardline racism
- We're at war and if that means more bombs, so be it...
White nationalism Foundations and
related topicsNazism and neo-Nazism · Nationalism · National Socialism · National-Anarchism · White separatism · Fourteen Words · White pride and White power · Aryan race · White power skinhead · Paleoconservatism · Eugenics · Antisemitism · Anti-Arabism · Islamophobia · Antiziganism · Hispanophobia · Ku Klux Klan · Christian Identity · Zionist Occupation Government · Far-right and neo-fascism · Third Position · Wotanism · Kinism
IndividualsVirginia Abernethy · Richard Barrett · Gordon Lee Baum · Louis Beam · Vincent Bertollini · Don Black · Prussian Blue · Richard Girnt Butler · Willis Carto · Craig Cobb · Harold Covington · Ian Davison · David Duke · James Edwards · Samuel T. Francis · Paul Fromm · Erich Gliebe · Joop Glimmerveen · Matt Hale · William Daniel Johnson · Constant Kusters · Kevin Lamb · David Lane · Seppo Lehto · Alex Linder · Olavi Mäenpää · Robert Jay Mathews · Tom Metzger · Robert E. Miles · Merlin Miller · Tim Mudde · Ryan Murdough · Revilo P. Oliver · William Luther Pierce · Thomas Robb · Edgar Steele · Ian Stuart Donaldson · Kevin Alfred Strom · Jared Taylor · Eugène Terre'Blanche · Clifford Joseph Trahan · Hal Turner · Varg Vikernes · Shaun Walker · Bill White · James Wickstrom · Francis Parker Yockey OrganizationsNational Alliance · National Vanguard · Council of Conservative Citizens · Nationalist Movement · European Americans United · Party of the Swedes · Party of the Danes · Bloc identitaire · Creativity Alliance · Liberty Lobby · The Order · Aryan Nations · Aryan Guard · Heritage Front · Noua Dreaptă · White Aryan Resistance · Narodowe Odrodzenie Polski · European-American Unity and Rights Organization · Hammerskins · Swedish Resistance Movement · Finnish People's Blue-whites · Dutch Peoples-Union · Voorpost · Centre Party '86 · New National Party (Netherlands) · National Alliance (Netherlands) · Redneck Shop · American Third Position Party · NSDAP/AO (1972) · Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging · Blood and Honour · Combat 18 · Vigrid · National Socialist Front · National Socialist Movement of Denmark · British National Party · Bloed, Bodem, Eer en Trouw · List of white nationalist organizations Media Opposition
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combat — [ kɔ̃ba ] n. m. • 1538; de combattre 1 ♦ Action de deux ou de plusieurs adversaires armés, de deux armées qui se battent. ⇒ bataille. Spécialt Phase d une bataille. ⇒ 1. action, affrontement, choc, engagement, mêlée, 1. rencontre; baroud. Combat… … Encyclopédie Universelle
combat — COMBAT. subs. masc. L action par laquelle on attaque, ou l on se défend. Combat d homme à homme. Combat singulier. Combat d une armée contre une autre armée. Combat douteux. Combat à outrance. Combat opiniâtre. Combat sanglant. Combat sur terre.… … Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798
combat — Combat. s. m. L action par laquelle on combat contre quelqu un. Combat d homme à homme. combat singulier. combat d une armée contre une autre armée. combat douteux. combat à outrance. combat opiniastré. combat sanglant. combat sur terre. combat… … Dictionnaire de l'Académie française
combat — Combat, m. acut. C est la meslée en bataille, de deux ou plusieurs, Certamen, Decertatio, Dimicatio, Discrimen, Praelium, Pugna, Conflictus, Selon ce on dit, Le combat a esté cruel, furieux, merveilleux entre les deux armées, Acriter admodum… … Thresor de la langue françoyse
Combat 18 — Lema Cueste lo que cueste Tipo Nacionalismo Blanco, Supremacía blanca Objetivos Formación paramilitar que pretende levantar un gobierno bajo la estructura del nacional socialismo. Combat 18 o C 18 es una organización de tendencia n … Wikipedia Español
Combat 84 — ist eine Band aus der britischen Oi! Szene und stammt aus dem Londoner Stadtteil Chelsea. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte 2 Politik 3 Diskografie 4 Weblinks … Deutsch Wikipedia
Combat 84 — Also known as The 7th Cavalry Origin Chelsea, London, England Genres Oi!, Punk rock Years active 1981 1984 … Wikipedia
Combat — (französisch Kampf ) steht für: Combat (Résistance), französische Résistance Gruppe Combat (Zeitung), französische Zeitung Combat Spirituel, afrikanische Pfingstkirche Combat 18, Terrororganisation Combat 84, britische Band Siehe auch: Ace Combat … Deutsch Wikipedia
Combat 18 — (или C18) британская праворадикальная террористическая организация, основанная неонацистской организацией «Blood and Honour» после заключения соглашения между Британским национальным фронтом и фанатской группировкой «Chelsea Headhunters» в… … Википедия
Combat — Com bat, n. [Cf. F. combat.] 1. A fight; a contest of violence; a struggle for supremacy. [1913 Webster] My courage try by combat, if thou dar st. Shak. [1913 Webster] The noble combat that twixt joy and sorrow was fought in Paulina. Shak. [1913… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English