Ful medames


Ful medames

Ful medames (Arabic: فول مدمس "fūl mudammas") is one of the national dishes of Sudan and Egypt, often eaten at breakfast. It consists of round brown beans, partially or completely mashed, which are slow-cooked in a copper pot. Ful medames is served with plenty of olive oil, chopped parsley, onion, garlic, and lemon juice, and typically eaten with Egyptian bread ("'eish masri"). Though originally a peasant food, it has long been part of the daily Egyptians' diet. It is particularly renowned for being a very filling dish, with many describing it as being 'like a stone in the stomach'. This has led to it being consumed by many in the Middle East in the early morning meal to prepare for a day of fasting during Ramadan.The dish's name derives from the Egyptian language: "ful" is derived from the Egyptian word for fava beans, and "medames" is a Coptic word meaning "buried." The second word hints at the original cooking method, which involved burying a sealed pot of water and beans under hot coals. This cooking method for beans is mentioned in the Jerusalem Talmud, indicating that it has been used in the Middle East at least since the 4th century.

Ful medames worldwide

Ful medames was exported from Egypt to the Arab World (particularly, the Levant) and parts of Northeast Africa (mainly Somalia). Ful medames came to the Horn of Africa when the Egyptians captured Zeila in the beginning of the 19th century. From that city the ful extended across the region, spread by Somalis and Egyptians. In northern Somalia, ful is eaten with a bread called "laxoox", which is highly popular across the region. "Ful" is also eaten in Ethiopia, where it is served with flatbread and "mitmita" powder. The recipe also spread to parts of Europe, the United States of America, the Middle East and the United Kingdom, brought by traveling Egyptians.

The combination of "ful" and hummus is popular in Israel [cite web
url= http://www.ynet.co.il/english/articles/0,7340,L-3401347,00.html
title= Land of hummus and pita ("a hummus glossary")
accessdate= 2008-03-07
publisher= Ynetnews
] , Syria and Lebanon. A typical "hummus-ful" dish consists of a layer of hummus topped with a serving of "ful", accompanied by a quartered egg.

External links

* [http://fooddownunder.com/cgi-bin/recipe.cgi?r=110325 Recipe and information]
* [http://marktanner.com/sudan-recipes/fuul.htm Recipe and photos]


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