- Emiliano González Navero
Infobox_President|name=Emiliano González Navero
order= 20th President of Paraguay
July 8 1908
November 25 1910
birth_date= birth date|1861|06|16|mf=y
death_date = death date and age|1934|10|18|1861|06|16| mf=y
Emiliano González Navero (b. 1861, d. 1934) was
Paraguayanpolitician of the Liberal Party, he served as President and Vice President on four occasions.
He was one of the great survivors of the War against Triple Alliance. He attended elementary school at his beloved hometown and high school at the Colegio Nacional de la Capital.
He was graduated from Law School at the Universidad Nacional de la Capital. Practiced law in 1887 and then acted in the judicial branch as a judge during the government of
Juan Antonio Escurra. He was married to Mrs. Adela Lima, who unfortunately died on September 7 1928. Emiliano, retired from any public activity, died at home, very far away from his country, in the United Stateson October 18, 1934.
He was three times President of the Republic. Also, he was elected as Vice President of the Republic, holding the same position under the presidencies of
Benigno Ferreirafrom 1906 to 1908 and José Patricio Guggiarifrom 1928 to 1932.
Upon Ferreira was overthrown by the coup of
July 2, 1908, González Navero assumed the temporary presidency on July 5of that year. After the constitutional period expired, he handed the position over to Manuel Gondraon november 25, 1910. Less than two months later, this President resigned and a period of anarchy started in the country, which led him again to take the temporary presidency on march 25, 1912. A few months later, on august 15, 1912, he handed over command to constitutional president Eduardo Schaerer, which meant the beginning of using such date as the starting date for future presidential terms. During his second term peace was reached in the country, after two long years of civil war.
He later served again as Vice President of
José Patricio Guggiarifrom 1928 to 1932, and in that capacity acted as substitute of president from 26 october 1931to 28 january1932 because Guggiari temporarily resigned to undergo impeachment following the unfortunate events of october 23, 1931.
His Administration was formed by the following politicians: Foreign Affairs, Dr.
Félix Paiva; Internal Affairs, Eduardo Schaerer, Finance, Dr. Jeronimo Zubizarreta (who later became a prestigious Minister of Foreign Affairs and defender of national sovereignty), Justice, Religion and Public Education, Dr. Manuel Franco, and War and Navy, Manuel Gondra.
Achievements under his administration
Some of the achievements during his administration were: the creation of the Naval School of Mechanics, amnesty for political crimes, enactment of a Rural Code, granting scholarships to many young artists, the free and mandatory elementary school was implemented, development of railway in Concepción and creation of several municipalities in cities throughout the country, on the other hand there were harsh political repression and newspapers were closed down.
Paraguay participated in the International Congress of Art Education, which took place in
Dresden, Germany, the sum of $ 2800 gold seal was allocated to the delegation that attended the Congress of American Students held in Lima, Peru, and J. Inocencio Lezcano and Jose del Rosario Ayala were appointed as teachers in the National Council of Education. They were dissolved The Fire Department and the Security Guard was dissolved and the Naval School of Mechanics founded.
may 1, 1912, reorganization of the Army was ordered, and the following oficials entered as second lieutenants: Emilio Pastore, Alfredo Mena, Carlos J. Fernandez, Blas Miloslavich and Nicolas Delgado. On the same date,Rolando Ibarra entered as captain, and on 11 june of that year he was appointed Assistant to the President.
The Banco Hipotecario was founded; in addition many streets of the capital city were paved and a test of wood cobblestone was made on Palma, Alberdi and 14 de Mayo Streets. For the first time, the cities of Villarrica, Pilar, Encarnación and Concepción appointed their respective mayors; a new central market was built on Palma Street and the Museo de Bellas Artes of
Juan Silvano Godoiopened. The government granted important support to Literature and Arts, the Museo de Bellas Artes was created; a contribution was made to establish an Art School. A scholarship was granted to Andres Campos Cervera(Julian de la Herreria) to study in Canada, also to Eusebio A. Lugo, Guillermo Galindo and Eduardo Molinas Rolón de Arrascaeta. There were auxiliary positions for musicians Agustin Barriosand Ampelio Villalba.
In journalism, "El Nacional" emerged on February 1, 1910, and six magazines and eight newspapers were issued.
Don Emiliano moved always politically in the "radical" sector of liberalism. He was part of the judicial branch and President of the Supreme Court of Justice on
november 28, 1890. In february 1895, he joined the unified Congress, led by Benigno Ferreira. He served in the Liberal Party, being part of the Congress and on december 19, 1904, joined the Administration of Juan Bautista Gaonaas Minister of Finance and served in the same function also during the government of Cecilio Báez, resigning on april 28, 1906, in order to join Ferreira in his route to the Presidency.
After Ferreira was removed, González Navero became head of the Executive Branch on
july 4, 1908, despite of the fact that only on december 31 of that year the resignation of Ferreira was formally accepted. It should be noted that the signature of Don Emiliano does not appear in the Founding Act of the Centro Democratico, neither in the Public Statement of july 4, 1908, initiated by Albino Jaraand closed by Adolfo Riquelme.
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* [http://www.evp.edu.py/index.php?title=Portada Enciclopedia Virtual Paraguaya - Portal]
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