- Little Rock, Arkansas
City of Little Rock, Arkansas — City —
Nickname(s): The Rock, Rock Town, LR, San Francisco of the South Coordinates: Coordinates: Country United States State Arkansas County Pulaski Founded 1821 Incorporated 1831 Government – Type Council-Strong Mayor – Mayor Mark Stodola Area – City 116.8 sq mi (302.5 km2) – Land 116.2 sq mi (300.9 km2) – Metro 4,090.34 sq mi (10,593.94 km2) Elevation 335 ft (102 m) Population (2010) – City 193,524 – Metro 699,757 Time zone CST (UTC-6) – Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5) Area code(s) 501 FIPS code 05-41000 GNIS feature ID 0083350 Website www.littlerock.org
Little Rock is the capital and the largest city of the U.S. state of Arkansas. The Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) had a population of 699,757 people in the 2010 census. The MSA is in turn included in the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Pine Bluff, Arkansas Combined Statistical Area, which had a population of 877,091 in the 2010 census, making it the 47th largest combined statistical area in America. As of the 2010 US Census, Little Rock had a population of 193,524, making it the 118th largest city in America. It is the county seat of Pulaski County.
Located near the geographic center of Arkansas, Little Rock derives its name from a small rock formation on the south bank of the Arkansas River called la Petite Roche (French: "the little rock"). The "little rock" was used by early river traffic as a landmark and became a well-known river crossing.
Archeological artifacts provide evidence of Native Americans inhabiting Central Arkansas for thousands of years before Europeans arrived. The early inhabitants may have included the Folsom people, Bluff Dwellers, and Mississippian culture peoples who built earthwork mounds recorded in 1541 by Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto's expedition. Historical tribes of the area included the Caddo, Quapaw, Osage, Choctaw, and Cherokee.
Little Rock was named for a stone outcropping on the bank of the Arkansas River used by early travelers as a landmark. La Petite Roche (French for "the Little Rock"), named in 1721 by French explorer and trader Jean-Baptiste Bénard de la Harpe, marked the transition from the flat Mississippi Delta region to the Ouachita Mountain foothills. Travelers referred to the area as "the Little Rock", and the landmark name stuck.
- 1722 – French explorer Jean-Baptiste Benard de la Harpe lands near a small rock formation on the south bank of the Arkansas River, which he reputedly names la Petite Roche (the little rock). La Harpe builds a trading post near the little rock. The Quapaw Indians reside nearby.
- 1812 – William Lewis, a fur trapper, builds a home near the little rock.
- 1820 – Little Rock is surveyed.
- 1820 – Robert Crittenden, born 1797, and Chester Ashley, born 1791, enter into an agreement for a "Partnership in the Practice of Law" which lays the groundwork for the Rose Law Firm, the oldest law firm west of the Mississippi River.
- 1821 – Little Rock becomes the capital of the Arkansas Territory formed in 1819.
- 1831 – Little Rock is incorporated as a city.
- 1833 – The Territorial Capitol (now the Old State House) is built. Completed in 1842, it serves as the State Capitol until 1911.
- 1836 – Arkansas becomes the 25th State, and Little Rock became the official capital city.
- 1861 – Arkansas joins the Confederacy.
- 1863 – Union forces occupy Little Rock.
- 1864 – 17-year old David Owen Dodd is hanged on January 6 as a Confederate spy.
- 1874 – The Brooks-Baxter War takes place in Little Rock.
- 1880 – General Douglas MacArthur born on January 26 in The Tower Building of the Little Rock Arsenal. The building is now the home of the MacArthur Museum of Arkansas Military History, and the surrounding is area is called MacArthur Park.
- 1911 – The current State Capitol building is completed. It is the second building constructed to house the state government, after the Old State House.
- 1916 – Pulaski Heights, one of Little Rock's earliest western suburbs, is annexed into the city, setting the stage for further westward expansion.
- 1957 – The Little Rock Nine are enrolled at Little Rock Central High School after public protests, and the Arkansas National Guard under the direction of Governor Orval Faubus, prevents their first attempt at enrollment. At the time, Arkansas was the third most segregated state in the country (behind Mississippi and Alabama respectively). President Dwight Eisenhower dispatches federal troops to ensure the students' safety and enforce their right to attend school. These events are collectively referred to as the Crisis at Central High.
- 1958 – All three public high schools in Little Rock are closed for one year by Governor Faubus.
- 1968 – Construction booms downtown, Worthen Bank Building at 375 feet (114 m) and Union National Bank at 330 feet (100 m) are under construction and replace The Tower Building as the city's tallest buildings. Union National Bank subsequently merged into Worthen, which eventually would become part of Bank of America.
- 1974 – First National Bank building is under construction and becomes the city's tallest building at 454 feet (138 m) and 30 stories. The building currently is Arkansas headquarters for Regions Bank.
- 1986 – The Capitol Tower is completed, and at 40 stories and 547 feet (167 m) tall, is the tallest building in Arkansas. The skyscraper's name changed to the TCBY Tower later, and became the Metropolitan Tower as of October 2004. The Stephens Building is also completed, and is 25 stories and 365 feet (111 m) tall when finished. It was first known as the First South building, and then the Rogers building.
- 1992 – Bill Clinton is elected President of the United States. He delivers an election night acceptance speech from the front steps of the historic Old State House in downtown Little Rock. He is the first person from the State of Arkansas to be elected President. He is elected to a second term in 1996.
- 1997 – The 40th anniversary of the Crisis at Central High is marked by the opening of a new National Park Service visitor center.
- 2003 – First Little Rock Marathon is held. Counting the relays, 1,615 runners participate in the 42.195-kilometre (26.219 mi) race, making it one of the top 25 races in the nation for 2003.
- 2003 – Little Rock resident Wesley Kanne Clark, a retired four-star general in the U.S. Army and former Supreme Allied Commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), announces his intention to run in the presidential primary election for the Democratic Party nomination.
- 2004 – William J. Clinton Presidential Center opens with a host of dignitaries and celebrities, including then-Governor Mike Huckabee, then-President George W. Bush, and former presidents George H. W. Bush and Jimmy Carter.
- 2006 – The international charitable organization Heifer International dedicates a $17.5 million world headquarters in downtown Little Rock. The organization announces plans to further develop the 33-acre (130,000 m2) location into the Heifer International Center campus.
- 2006 – The Pulaski County Pedestrian and Bicycle Bridge, better known as the Big Dam Bridge, opens to the public. It extends 3,463 feet (1,056 m) across the Arkansas River, and is currently the world’s longest bridge specifically built for pedestrians/bicycles.
- 2006 – The five-year construction boom of mixed-use, high-rise buildings in downtown's historic River Market district began construction on over 60 stories of residential and retail property and 240 additional hotel rooms. Among the major residential projects completed during this period are the Capital Commerce Center (2002), First Security Center (2004), 300 Third Tower (2006), and River Market Tower (2009).
- 2007 – Dickey-Stephens Park, home to the Arkansas Travelers minor league baseball team, opens. The newly constructed ballpark has a capacity of 7,000, and is situated on the Arkansas River in North Little Rock, Arkansas, opposite downtown Little Rock.
- 2009 – In the 2009 Little Rock Army recruiting office shooting on June 1, a Muslim convert opened fire with an assault rifle in a drive-by shooting on soldiers in front of a US military recruiting office at 9112 North Rodney Parham Road in Little Rock killing Private William Long and wounding Private Quinton Ezeagwula.
- 2011 – Little Rock's record high temperature of 114 degrees Fahrenheit is recorded by the National Weather Service in August.
Little Rock is located at (34.736009, -92.331122).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 116.8 square miles (302.5 km²), of which, 116.2 square miles (301.0 km²) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km²) of it (0.52%) is water.
Little Rock is located on the south bank of the Arkansas River in Central Arkansas. Fourche Creek and Rock Creek run through the city, and flow into the river. The western part of the city is located in the foothills of the Ouachita Mountains. Just northwest of the city limits are Pinnacle Mountain and Lake Maumelle, which provides Little Rock's drinking water.
The city of North Little Rock is located just across the river from Little Rock, but it is a separate city. North Little Rock was once the 8th ward of Little Rock. An Arkansas Supreme Court decision on February 6, 1904, allowed the ward to merge with the neighboring town of North Little Rock. The merged town quickly renamed itself Argenta (the local name for the former 8th Ward), but returned to its original name in October 1917.
Little Rock lies in the humid subtropical climate zone, with hot, humid summers and mild winters.
Meteorological Data for the Little Rock Greater Metropolitan Area Climate data for Little Rock Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °F (°C) 83
Average high °F (°C) 49.5
72.7 Average low °F (°C) 30.8
51.5 Record low °F (°C) −8
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.61
Snowfall inches (cm) 2.0
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.6 8.3 10.0 9.7 10.6 9.2 8.3 6.5 7.9 7.5 9.0 9.7 106.3 Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 1.1 .8 .3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .3 .3 2.8 Source no. 1: NCDC Source no. 2: Wunderground.com (extremes)
Inside Little Rock's city limits, there are 36 different neighborhoods. They are Apple Gate, Breckenridge, Broadmoor, Brodie Creek, Capitol View/Stifft's Station, Chenal Valley, Cloverdale, Colony West, Downtown, East End, Fair Park, Geyer Springs, Granite Mountain, Gum Springs, Hall High, The Heights, Highland Park, Hillcrest, John Barrow, Mabelvale, Otter Creek, Pinnacle Valley, Pleasant Valley, Quapaw Quarter, Riverdale, Robinwood, Rosedale, St. Charles, South End, South Little Rock, Southwest Little Rock, Stagecoach, Sturbridge, Wakefield, and West End.
Capitol View/Stifft's Station-Is a neighborhood in Little Rock, located in the west central portion of the city encompassing approximately 1500 homes. Roughly, its boundaries include the area south of West Markham, north of Interstate 630, east of Pine, and west of Summit, as well as south of Riverview between Park and Summit. Capitol View/Stifft's Station is just west of Downtown, north of the Central High School Historic District, Southeast of Pulaski Heights and uses the 72205 ZIP code. The Capitol View/Stifft's Station neighborhood is the result of Little Rock's early 20th century westward growth. Located west of the Arkansas State Capitol, Capitol View and Stifft's Station were the combined result of numerous additions to, what was at the time, western Little Rock.
The architecture of the neighborhood is predominantly Craftsman, Craftsman Bungalow, and Bungalow with modest Tudor or Colonial Revival detailing. One may also find Shotgun Houses, Queen Anne or American Foursquare-styled homes, as well as various period revival influences including Spanish Colonial Revival Style architecture. The dominance of these styles in the neighborhood reflects its principal growth period of 1920 to 1929, with roughly 40% of building stock constructed within this decade. Combined with construction undertaken in the 1930s, this period accounts for the majority of housing stock built within the neighborhood. Although construction of Interstate 630 in the 1970s dramatically altered the southern edges of the area, the neighborhood is largely intact and much of the original housing stock remains.
There are architecturally and historically significant structures and sites which merit preservation and protection within the area. Two structures in the area are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the T.R. McGuire House and Lamar Porter Field. The neighborhood also contains two historic districts, The Capitol View Historic District and the Stifft Station Historic District.As of 1996, approximately two percent of the City of Little Rock's residents called the Capitol View/Stifft's Station area home. The racial distribution within the neighborhood is similar to that of the city: approximately 34 percent black and just under 65 percent white. However, also like the city, the neighborhood is subdivided geographically into different socio-economic zones. An example of this stratification is that almost 52 percent of the households in the area are classified as low and moderate income; however, the westernmost quarter of the neighborhood is over 61 percent low and moderate income, while 60 percent of the "Johnson – Woodrow area" households are higher income.
Over 53 percent of the Capitol View/Stifft's Station area households were at an income level, in 1990, between $10,000 and $30,000. This compares to 38.1 percent of the households in Little Rock while, at the upper end, only 9.6 percent of households in the area had incomes over $50,000. The citywide percent of households with incomes over $50,000 was 22.2 percent in 1990.
The population profile of the neighborhood, in 1996, showed an area more middle-aged than that of Little Rock (residents aged over 65 and less than 18 both represented a lesser percentage than that of the overall city population). In addition, the female population is slightly larger in the area than citywide (54.4 to 53.6 percent). Single parent households also account for a greater percentage of neighborhood households than citywide. All of the increases in single parent households come from female headed households. For the city, 11.4% of households are single parent homes.Family and household sizes are generally smaller in Capitol View/Stifft's Station than compared with the rest of the city. This is due in part to the high percentage of one person households (41.8 percent compared to 32 percent city wide). The neighborhood is overwhelmingly single family at over 63 percent.
The Central Arkansas Transit Authority provides bus service in and through the neighborhood. One Downtown to West Little Rock route travels Markham Street to Kavanaugh Boulevard providing residents access to both Downtown and the Rodney Parham Road area. Bus routes along 7th Street and Capitol Avenue provide access to the West Markham Street area and the Otter Creek Neighborhood. The bus system is radial, downtown to the outskirts and back, much like the spokes of a wheel. Therefore, to go east, north, or south, the rider must first go downtown and transfer. The Capitol View/Stifft's Station neighborhood has a service level as good as any residential area in metropolitan Little Rock.
Capitol View/Stifft's Station has no fire stations, either historic or modern, within its boundaries. One surmises that this area’s fire protection needs were served, initially, by either Fire Station #3, which was opened at 3515 12th in 1911, or Fire Station #7, in operation by 1916 at Beechwood and Prospect (now Kavanaugh).
East Little Rock-Predominantly industrial in development, East Little Rock generally refers to most portions of Little Rock located east of Interstate 30. The low-lying easternmost end of Arkansas' capital city is marked by distribution facilities and warehouses, Little Rock National Airport and its environs, the Port of Little Rock, and various manufacturers. A small amount of residential areas can also be found dispersed throughout East Little Rock, progressing towards census-designated places including College Station and Sweet Home.
Physically and economically, East Little Rock often contrasts sharply with the newest, westernmost neighborhoods of Little Rock. The two parts of the city are linked via Interstate 630, which has its first west-bound access near East 15th Street.
Part of East Little Rock has received tremendous attention since the late 2004 opening of the William J. Clinton Presidential Center and Park near the banks of the Arkansas River. Development and subsequent opening of the facility and its adjoining Clinton School of Public Service, affiliated with the University of Arkansas, has served as a catalyst in plans to further improve its immediate area along the riverfront and downtown's River Market District. The next major addition for East Little Rock, the new headquarters of Heifer International adjacent to the Clinton library campus, opened on January 30, 2006.
Mabelvale-Mabelvale was a small, unincorporated train station town in southwestern Pulaski County until being annexed into Little Rock in the late 1970s or early 1980s. The area today is part of Little Rock's seventh ward, while retaining a separate postal designation and ZIP code from most of the rest of the city. The neighborhood is currently represented on Little Rock's City Board of Directors by Brenda "B.J." Wyrick.
The neighborhood is generally defined as the homes and businesses in the immediate area surrounding the intersection of Mabelvale Main Street and the Union Pacific railroad line. Its location on the south-central fringe of Little Rock proper — as well as proximity to unincorporated communities, neighborhoods in Southwest Little Rock and adjoining towns such as Shannon Hills which share the ZIP code — often leads to varying definitions of Mabelvale's boundaries.
The Heights and Hillcrest-The Heights and Hillcrest are neighborhoods in the north-central portion of Little Rock. Although distinct today, they were once part of the same Little Rock suburb called Pulaski Heights. Pulaski Heights first developed in the 1890s, was incorporated in 1903, and was annexed by Little Rock in 1916.
Today, The Heights is a upper-middle-income residential neighborhood. It is marked by boutiques and restaurants along Kavanaugh Boulevard, St. John's Seminary, and the Country Club of Little Rock. Hillcrest likewise centers around a section of Kavanaugh Boulevard. It is sometimes described as the "funkier" cousin of The Heights. Its landmarks include Mount St. Mary Academy, several major churches, and restaurants and bars.
Chenal Valley-A sizable and more recently developed section of the city, Chenal Valley is in the west-central section of Little Rock, known as West Little Rock. Its name is derived from the area's Shinall Mountain, but Deltic Timber Corporation, a major early developer of the area, opted to alter the name to mimic French language as part of a strategy (known as foreign branding) to orient the residential and commercial development toward upper-class population segments. Chenal Valley is one of the more expensive residential areas in Little Rock with typical homes in the $200,000- $2,000,000 price range.
The main thoroughfare is Chenal Parkway, mostly a divided four-lane path chiefly connecting Highway 10 to west Little Rock's Financial Centre business district. Chenal Parkway's northwestern terminus is just north of Arkansas 10 at Highway 300, near the Pinnacle Valley neighborhood. The southeastern terminus lies at Autumn Road at a transition to Financial Centre Parkway, with continuation to a conversion into Interstate 630 at Shackleford Road.
Chenal Valley is known for its rapid development since 1990, when Chenal Country Club was established and some of the earliest of the area's current crop of homes were built. Those and other residences, including a limited number of apartment and condominium complexes, can be found scattered throughout a part of Little Rock that has for now retained much of its pre-development wooded areas.
Several mass-market retailers populate Chenal's eastern commercial corridor near the Financial Centre area, including industry leaders Wal-Mart, Kroger, Target, Home Depot and Barnes & Noble. Chenal is also home to the headquarters of the Nuvell unit of GMAC Financial Services, an important employer for the city overall.
Quapaw Quarter-The Quapaw Quarter of Little Rock is a section of the city including its oldest and most historic business and residential neighborhoods. The name of the area was first given in 1961, honoring the Quapaw Indians who once lived in the area centuries ago.
As many as fifteen separate National Historic Register Districts make up the Quapaw Quarter, including more than 200 separate homes and buildings on the National Register of Historic Places. Trapnall Hall, situated along East Capitol Avenue, was among the first of the homes built in 1843 as the home of early state legislator Frederic Trapnall and his wife, Martha. Structures housing businesses on Main Street and Broadway south of Interstate 630 are among this group as well.
Throughout the Quapaw Quarter, many small and large homes from the Antebellum and Victorian eras can be found, in addition to several examples of Craftsman-style architecture. Scott, Center and Spring streets, in particular, are where many such homes stand today. The exterior of the Villa Marre, one such home, was known nationally as the outside of the home containing the office of Sugarbaker Designs, the fictional Atlanta-based interior design firm on the CBS sitcom Designing Women. The actual home is located along Little Rock's Scott Street, and has been a former home for the office of the Quapaw Quarter Association, the chief organization that sponsors historic preservation efforts in the area.
Governor's Mansion DistrictAlong with the Villa Marre, the exterior of the Arkansas Governor's Mansion was also featured on Designing Women, shown as the home of Suzanne Sugarbaker. The mansion and its grounds comprise a city block, dividing Center Street in its 1800-numbered block, and anchor the city's Governor's Mansion Historic District, encompassing many homes and businesses along and around lower Broadway. The first official residence of Arkansas's governors opened on January 10, 1950, to a week-long open house for all Arkansans. The Georgian Colonial Revival home was renovated and expanded from 2000 through 2002, reopening for the inauguration of Mike Huckabee's second full term as governor in early 2003.
The MacArthur Park Historic District, dedicated in 1981, adjoins the city's MacArthur Park along East 9th Street, including the Arkansas Arts Center and the circa-1840 Tower Building of the Little Rock Arsenal. This building in the district contains the birthplace of General Douglas MacArthur, a foremost commander of American forces in the Pacific Theater during World War II.
South Main Residential Historic District The South Main Residential Historic District — nicknamed SoMa by some area locals — was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2007 according to the Department of Arkansas Heritage. The district which runs along South Main Street between 19th and 24th streets is notable for its assortment of quality late-nineteenth and early twentieth century residential architecture, including specifically the Queen Anne, Craftsman and Colonial Revival styles.
Riverdale-Located adjacent to the Arkansas River, Riverdale is a neighborhood of Little Rock situated in the north-central area of the city. It lies to the northeast and at a lower elevation from Pulaski Heights, and to the northwest of downtown.
Riverdale contains a considerable amount of warehouses in the eastern part of the neighborhood, served by Union Pacific rail lines that travel through the area. The warehouse section is flanked on the east by the corporate headquarters of Dillard's Department Stores, and noted for the landmark restaurant and bar, Cajun's Wharf, one of many such businesses with a long presence in Little Rock.
The neighborhood progresses westward toward shopping areas, office complexes, and upscale residential communities. Part of the lure to Riverdale in recent years for shoppers has been an increased emphasis on design-oriented businesses, with retailers offering antiques, ceramics, fine fabrics, plants and specialty lighting fixtures. Accompanying these shops is a popular mix of restaurants skewing toward Southern and Italian cuisine.
Beyond shopping venues, soccer fields and corporate towers inch the neighborhood toward the riverfront. Regional headquarters for telecommunications providers Verizon Communications and Windstream Communications, as well as the non-profit service organization Winrock International, are among the companies whose executives broker deals here. A combination of gated communities, apartments and condominiums buffer the corporate corridor from Rebsamen Golf Course, the city's largest public golf course, and Murray Park to the far west along Riverfront Drive.
The city operated under a city manager form of government until 2007. Voters elected to convert the city to a strong-mayor form of government, making the mayor's position a full-time position with veto power. The city also retains the city manager position. The city employs over 2,500 individuals in 14 different departments, including the Police Department, the Fire Department, Parks and Recreation, and the Zoo.
Most Pulaski County government offices are located in the city of Little Rock, including the Quorum, Circuit, District, and Juvenile Courts; and the Assessor, County Judge, County Attorney, and Public Defenders offices.
Both the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas and the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit have judicial facilities in Little Rock.
Historical populations Census Pop. %± 1850 2,167 — 1860 3,727 72.0% 1870 12,380 232.2% 1880 13,138 6.1% 1890 25,874 96.9% 1900 38,307 48.1% 1910 45,941 19.9% 1920 65,142 41.8% 1930 81,679 25.4% 1940 88,039 7.8% 1950 102,213 16.1% 1960 107,813 5.5% 1970 132,483 22.9% 1980 159,151 20.1% 1990 175,795 10.5% 2000 183,133 4.2% 2010 193,524 5.7% source:
As of the 2005–2007 American Community Survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, White Americans made up 52.7% of Little Rock's population; of which 49.4% were non-Hispanic whites. Blacks or African Americans made up 42.1% of Little Rock's population; of which 42.0% were non-Hispanic blacks. American Indians made up 0.4% of Little Rock's population while Asian Americans made up 2.1% of the city's population. Pacific Islander Americans made up less than 0.1% of the city's population. Individuals from some other race made up 1.2% of the city's population; of which 0.2% were non-Hispanic. Individuals from two or more races made up 1.4% of the city's population; of which 1.1% were non-Hispanic. In addition, Hispanics and Latinos made up 4.7% of Little Rock's population.
As of the 2000 census, there were 183,133 people, 77,352 households, and 46,488 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,576.0 people per square mile (608.5/km²). There were 84,793 housing units at an average density of 729.7 per square mile (281.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 55.1% White, 40.4% Black, 0.3% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.28% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. 2.7% of the population is Hispanic or Latino.
There were 77,352 households, out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.5% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.9% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the city, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,572, and the median income for a family was $47,446. Males had a median income of $35,689 versus $26,802 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,209. 14.3% of the population is below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 20.9% of those under the age of 18 and 9.0% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
Metropolitan statistical area
The 2010 U.S. Census population for the Metropolitan Statistical Area of Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway was 699,757. The MSA includes the following counties: Pulaski, Faulkner, Grant, Lonoke, Perry, and Saline. The largest cities include Little Rock, North Little Rock, Conway, Jacksonville, Benton, Sherwood, Cabot, Maumelle, and Bryant.
Economy and business
Additional large companies headquartered in Little Rock include Metropolitan National Bank, Bank of the Ozarks, Rose Law Firm, Nuvell Financial Services, Central Flying Service and large brokerage Stephens Inc..
Large companies headquartered in other cities but with a large presence in Little Rock include Dassault Falcon Jet and Raytheon Aircraft Company near Little Rock National Airport in the eastern part of the city, and Fidelity National Information Services in northwestern Little Rock.
Non-profit organizations include Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now, Heifer International, Lions World Services for the Blind, Clinton Presidential Center, Winthrop Rockefeller Foundation, FamilyLife, Audubon Arkansas, The Nature Conservancy, and Winrock International.
Major employers throughout Little Rock include Arkansas Blue Cross and Blue Shield, Baptist Health Medical Center, Entergy, Dassault Falcon Jet, Raytheon, Siemens, AT&T Mobility, Kroger, Euronet Worldwide, L'Oréal Paris, Timex, and UAMS.
One of the largest public employers in the state with over 10,552 employees, the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) and its affiliates—Arkansas Children's Hospital and the Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System—have a total economic impact in Arkansas of about $5 billion per year. UAMS receives less than 11% of its funding from the state. Its operation is funded by payments for clinical services (64%), grants and contracts (18%), philanthropy and other (5%), and tuition and fees (2%).
The Little Rock port is an intermodal river port with a large industrial business complex. It is designated as Foreign Trade Zone 14. International corporations such as Danish manufacturer LM Glasfiber have established new facilities adjacent to the port in recent years.
Little Rock was named 22nd out of 361 metropolitan areas as best places for business in 2005 by Forbes magazine.
Moody's Investor Services ranks Little Rock as the second most diverse economy in the nation.
The Brookings Institution ranks Little Rock as the 7th best metropolitan economy in the United States in 2009 with the second best overall growth from 2008 to 2009 after Des Moines.
- The Arkansas Arts Center, the state's largest cultural institution, is a museum of art and an active center for the visual and performing arts.
- The William J. Clinton Presidential Center includes the Clinton presidential library and the offices of the Clinton Foundation and the Clinton School of Public Service. The Library facility, designed by architect James Polshek, cantilevers over the Arkansas River, echoing Clinton's famous campaign promise of "building a bridge to the 21st century. The archives and library contains 2 million photographs, 80 million pages of documents, 21 million e-mail messages, and nearly 80,000 artifacts from the Clinton presidency. The museum within the library showcases artifacts from Clinton's term and includes a full-scale replica of the Clinton-era Oval Office. Opened on November 18, 2004, the Clinton Presidential Center cost $165 million to construct and covers 150,000 square feet (14,000 m²) within a 28 acre (113,000 m²) park.
- The MacArthur Museum of Arkansas Military History opened in 2001, the last remaining structure of the original Little Rock Arsenal and one of the oldest buildings in central Arkansas, it was also the birthplace of General Douglas MacArthur who would go on to be the supreme commander of US forces in the South Pacific during World War II.
- The Arkansas Museum of Discovery features hands-on exhibits in the fields of science, history and technology.
- The Old State House Museum is a former state capitol building now home to a history museum focusing on Arkansas' recent history.
- The Historic Arkansas Museum is a regional history museum focusing primarily on the frontier time period.
Colleges and universities
The city has two major universities that are part of the University of Arkansas System. The campuses of the University of Arkansas at Little Rock and the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences are located within Little Rock. The city also is home to a pair of smaller, historically black colleges, Philander Smith College, affiliated with the United Methodist Church, and Arkansas Baptist College.
The University of Arkansas at Little Rock was founded in 1927 as Little Rock Junior College, under the supervision of the city Board of Education. The first semester open, there were eight instructors and about 100 students. The college is currently accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, a status it has kept since 1929. Housed originally in public school buildings, the college moved in 1949 to its present location between University Ave and Fair Park Blvd, North of Asher Ave., on land donated by Raymond Rebsamen, a Little Rock businessman. The college was also the sole beneficiary of a continuing trust established by former Governor George W. Donaghey at the time. In 1957, the institution began a four-year degree program, became independent and privately supported under a separate board of trustees, and took the name Little Rock University.
In September 1969, The Little Rock University merged into the University of Arkansas System, to create the University of Arkansas at Little Rock. The University of Arkansas System merger began a period of steady growth, which saw UALR go from about 3,500 students and 75 full-time faculty members in 1969 to about 10,000 students and over 400 full-time faculty members in the 1998 academic year. The University's expanded offerings now include 54 undergraduate major programs, an extensive schedule of night, weekend, and off-campus classes, and a wide range of community educational services. UALR began offering graduate and professional work in 1975. Besides the juris doctor offered at the William H. Bowen School of Law, UALR now has three doctoral programs and 29 graduate and professional programs, as well as joint programs with other campuses of the University of Arkansas System.
The University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) is part of the University of Arkansas System. UAMS has about 2,200 students in six academic units: the Colleges of Medicine, Pharmacy, Nursing, Health Related Professions, and Public Health and the Graduate School. UAMS also has more than 660 resident physicians completing their training at UAMS or at one of the seven Area Health Education Centers around the state. UAMS combines the patient care resources of a state-of-the art hospital and outpatient center with the Winthrop P. Rockefeller Cancer Institute, Harvey and Bernice Jones Eye Institute, Donald W. Reynolds Institute on Aging, Myeloma Institute for Research and Therapy, and Jackson T. Stephens Spine and Neurosciences Institute. Arkansas Children’s Hospital and the Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System are affiliates of UAMS.
The outreach efforts of UAMS include seven Area Health Education Centers (AHECs) in Fayetteville, Pine Bluff, El Dorado, Texarkana, Fort Smith, Jonesboro, and Helena, Arkansas; networks of senior health centers and centers for young children with special health care needs; and interactive video education and medical consultation services to community hospitals around the state. UAMS is the state’s largest basic and applied research institution with internationally renowned programs in multiple melanoma, aging, and other areas.
Located in downtown is the specialized Clinton School of Public Service, a branch of the University of Arkansas System, which offers a master's degree in public service.
There is a Missonary Baptist Seminary in Little Rock. The school began as Missionary Baptist College in Sheridan in Grant County. When the college closed in 1934, the seminary opened in Little Rock. It awarded the clergyman L. L. Clover his Bachelor of Theology degree.
The public schools in Little Rock are operated by the Little Rock School District known by residents as LRSD. Currently, the district includes 64 schools with more schools being built. As of the 2005–2006 school year, the district has enrollment of 26,524. It has 5 high schools, 8 middle schools, 31 elementary schools, 1 early childhood (pre-kndergarten) center, 2 alternative schools, 1 adult education center, 1 accelerated learning center, 1 career-techinal center, and about 3,800 employees.
LRSD public high schools include:
The Pulaski County Special School District serves parts of Little Rock as well. PCSSD high schools in the city include:
- Mills Universities Studies High School
- Robinson High School
The Central Arkansas Library System includes the main building downtown and numerous branches throughout the city as well as branches in Jacksonville, Maumelle, Perryville, and Sherwood. The Pulaski County Law Library is located at the William H. Bowen School of Law.
Hospitals in Little Rock include:
- Arkansas Children's Hospital
- Arkansas Heart Hospital
- Baptist Health Medical Center
- Central Arkansas Veteran's Health care System (CAVHS)
- Arkansas State Hospital - Psychiatric Division
- Pinnacle Pointe Hospital
- St. Vincent Health System
- UAMS Medical Center
- Arkansas Arboretum – Located at Pinnacle Mountain, it has an interpretive trail with flora and tree plantings.
- Arkansas Arts Center – The state's largest art museum, notable for its drawings, collections and children's theater productions. It features works by Van Gogh and Rembrandt among others. The museum has eight art galleries, a museum school, gift shop and restaurant.
- Arkansas Repertory Theatre – The state's largest professional, not-for-profit theatre company, currently in its 34th season. "The Rep" produces works that range from contemporary comedies and dramas to world premiers and the classics of dramatic literature.
- Arkansas Symphony Orchestra – In its 41st season, the orchestra performs over 30 concerts a year and many special events.
- Ballet Arkansas – The state's only professional ballet company.
- Heifer International – Headquarters of the global hunger and poverty relief organization, located adjacent to the Clinton Presidential Center
- Quapaw Quarter – Turn of the century Little Rock includes three National Register historic districts with over a hundred buildings on the National Register of Historic Places. Tours are available showing the many Victorian and Antebellum homes.
- Robinson Center Music Hall – The main performance center of the Arkansas Symphony Orchestra.
- Villa Marre – An 1881 home of Italianate and Second Empire styles refurbished in the 1960s and shown in the opening scenes of the television show "Designing Women."
- Wildwood Park for the Arts – The largest park dedicated to the performing arts in the South. It features year-round performances of opera, cabaret, and jazz, as well as seasonal festivals and cultural events.
- Clinton Presidential Library
- Heifer International
- Arkansas State Capitol – a neo-classical structure with many restored interior spaces, constructed from 1899-1915.
- River Market District – Little Rock's most prominent entertainment district.
- Little Rock Marathon
- Little Rock Central High School
- Cathedral of St. Andrew - Little Rock's oldest place of continuing worship.
- Little Rock Zoo – Arkansas' only zoo with over 725 animals and over 200 species.
- Riverfront Park – a park located in downtown, hosts the annual Riverfest music festival, and is home to the La Petite Roche (the little rock).
- Willow Springs Water Park – one of the first water theme parks in the U.S. built in 1928.
- Pinnacle Mountain State Park
- Arkansas River Trail
- American Taekwondo Association World Headquarters. The American Taekwondo Association [ATA] is based in Little Rock where it hosts the World Taekwondo Championships each summer. The ATA World Headquarters is also headquarters for all of the Songahm Taekwondo organizations including the American Taekwondo Association, the Songahm Taekwondo Federation and the World Traditional Taekwondo Union. These combined organizations have millions of members in the USA and worldwide.
Club League Venue Established Championships Arkansas Travelers Texas League Dickey-Stephens Park 1895 9 Arkansas-Little Rock Trojans NCAA–Sun Belt Conference Jack Stephens Center 1927 3 Arkansas-Little Rock Trojans NCAA–Sun Belt Conference Gary Hogan Field 1927 0 Arkansas Rhinos North American Football League Mills High School 2000 1
Little Rock was home to the Arkansas Travelers. They are the AA professional Minor League Baseball affiliate of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim in the Texas League. The Travelers played their last game in Little Rock at Ray Winder Field on September 3, 2006, and moved into Dickey-Stephens Park in nearby North Little Rock in April 2007. Little Rock is scheduled to be home to the Little Rock Rivercatz of the American Basketball Association for the 2007–2008 season.
Little Rock was also home to the Arkansas Twisters (later Arkansas Diamonds of Arena Football 2 and Indoor Football League and the Arkansas RimRockers of the American Basketball Association and NBA Development League. Both of these teams played at the Verizon Arena in North Little Rock.
Little Rock is home to the University of Arkansas at Little Rock Trojans. The majority of the schools athletic teams are housed in the new state-of-the-art Jack Stephens Center. The Trojans play in the Sun Belt conference, where Arkansas State University is their chief rival.
Little Rock's War Memorial Stadium plays host to at least two University of Arkansas Razorback games each year. The stadium is known for being in the middle of a golf course. Each fall, the city closes the golf course on Razorback football weekends for fans to tailgate. It is estimated that over 80,000 people are present for the tailgating actitivities on these weekends. War Memorial also hosts the Arkansas High School football state championships, and starting in the fall of 2006 hosts one game apiece for the University of Central Arkansas and the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff. Arkansas State University also plays at the stadium from time to time.
Little Rock was a host of the First and Second Rounds of the 2008 NCAA Men's Basketball Tournament. It has also been a host of the SEC Women's Basketball Tournament.
The now defunct Arkansas RiverBlades and Arkansas GlacierCats, both minor-league hockey teams, were located in the Little Rock area. The GlacierCats of the now defunct Western Professional Hockey League (WPHL) played in Little Rock at Barton Coliseum while the RiverBlades of the ECHL played at the Verizon Arena.
Hubert "Geese" Ausbie played basketball at Philander Smith College in Little Rock, where he earned All-Conference and All-American honors. He later gained fame as a member of the Harlem Globetrotters.
A number of highways converge near Little Rock. I-40 passes through North Little Rock to the north. US 70 parallels I-40 into North Little Rock before multiplexing with I-30 at the Broadway exit (Exit 141B). US 67 and US 167 share the same route from the northeast before splitting. US 67 and US 70 multiplex with Interstate 30 to the southwest. US 167 multiplexes with US 65 and I-530 to the southeast. Other highways include I-430, I-440, I-530, and I-630. I-530 terminates in Little Rock after originating in Pine Bluff, Arkansas.
Nine airlines serve 18 national/international gateway cities, e.g. St. Louis, Chicago, Atlanta, Dallas, Charlotte, etc. from Little Rock National Airport. In 2006 they carried approximately 2.1 million passengers on approximately 116 daily flights to and from Little Rock.
Greyhound Lines serves Dallas, Memphis, Houston, and St. Louis, as well as intermediate points, with numerous connections to other cities and towns. Jefferson Lines serves Fort Smith, Kansas City, and Oklahoma City, as well as intermediate points, with numerous connections to other cities and towns. These carriers operate out of the North Little Rock bus station.
Amtrak serves the city twice daily via the Texas Eagle, with northbound service to Chicago and southbound service to San Antonio, as well as numerous intermediate points. Through service to Los Angeles and intermediate points operates three times a week. The train carries coaches, a sleeping car, a dining car, and a Sightseer Lounge car. Reservations are required.
Within the city, public bus service is provided by the Central Arkansas Transit Authority (CATA). As of January 2010, CAT operates 23 regular fixed routes, 3 express routes, as well as special events shuttle buses and paratransit service for disabled persons. Of the 23 fixed route services, 16 offer daily service, 6 offer weekday service with limited service on Saturday, and one route runs exclusively on weekdays. The three express routes run on weekday mornings and afternoons. Since November 2004, downtown areas of Little Rock and North Little Rock have been additionally served by the River Rail Electric Streetcar system, also operated by CATA.
The Arkansas Democrat Gazette is the largest newspaper in the city, as well as the state. As of March 31, 2006, Sunday circulation is 275,991 copies, while daily (Monday-Saturday) circulation is 180,662, according to the Audit Bureau of Circulations.
Daily legal and real estate news is also provided Monday through Friday in the Daily Record. Entertainment and political coverage is provided weekly in Arkansas Times and monthly in the Little Rock Free Press. Business and economics news is published weekly in Arkansas Business.
In addition to area newspapers, the Little Rock market is served by a variety of magazines covering diverse interests. The publications include:
- Little Rock Family
- Little Rock Soiree
- Inviting Arkansas
- At Home in Arkansas
- AY Magazine
All major television networks have local affiliates in Little Rock, in addition to numerous independent stations. As for cable TVservices, Comcast has a monopoly over Little Rock and the majority of Pulaski County. Some suburbs have the option of having Comcast, Charter or other cable companies.
Television stations in the Little Rock area include:
Call letters Number Network KETS/AETN 2 PBS KARK 4 NBC KATV 7 ABC KATV-DT2 7.2 RTN KATV-DT3 7.3 The Local AccuWeather Channel KTHV 11 CBS KTHV-DT2 11.2 THV2 KLRT 16 FOX KLRT-DT2 16.2 TheCoolTV KVTN 25 VTN KASN 38 The CW KASN-DT2 38.2 The Country Network KKAP 36 Daystar KARZ 42 MyNetworkTV
Founded in 1976, the Arkansas Repertory Theatre is the state's largest nonprofit professional theatre company. A member of the League of Resident Theatres (LORT D), The Rep has produced more than 300 productions, including 40 world premieres, in its historic building located in downtown Little Rock. Producing Artistic Director, Robert Hupp leads a resident staff of designers, technicians and administrators in the creation of eight to ten productions for an annual audience in excess of 70,000 for MainStage productions, educational programming and touring. The Rep produces works that range from contemporary comedies and dramas to world premiers and the classics of dramatic literature.
AM radio Stations in the Little Rock area include:
Call letters Frequency Format KETS 620 Top 40 KEWI 690 Variety KMTL 760 Gospel KLRT 850 Children's KLRG 880 Gospel KARN 920 Talk WLR 950 Community radio KJBN 1050 Religious KAAY 1090 Christian KCON 1230 Adult Contemporary KPZK 1250 Urban/Hip Hop KZTD 1350 Bright A/C-Talk KDXE 1380 Total Sports KTUV 1440 Gospel
FM radio stations in the Little Rock area include:
Call letters Frequency Format KABF 88.3 Community radio KUAR 89.1 News and info KLRE-FM 90.5 Classical KANX 91.1 Religious KUCA 91.3 Classical KIPR 92.3 Mainstream Urban KASR 92.7 Sports KKSP 93.3 Rock KKPT 94.1 Classic Rock KHKN 94.9 Adult Hits KSSN 95.7 Country KHTE-FM 96.5 Top 40 KWLR 96.9 Religious KURB 98.5 Adult Contemporary KDIS-FM 99.5 Children's KDJE 100.3 Active Rock KZTS 101.1 Mainstream Urban KVLO 101.7 Gospel KOKY 102.1 Urban Adult Contemporary KPZK-FM 102.5 Gospel KARN-FM 102.9 News and Talk KABZ 103.7 Sports Talk KMJX 105.1 Country KOLL 106.3 Adult Contemporary KHLR 106.7 Urban Adult Contemporary KLAL 107.7 Top 40
- David Levering Lewis, Historian and Julius Silver University Professor and Professor of History at New York University and recipient of two Pulitzer Prizes.
- Fatima Robinson, Notable dance choreographer, most known for choreographing music videos for American R&B singer, Aaliyah, and recently her work in Dreamgirls.
- Derek Fisher, an American professional basketball player with the Los Angeles Lakers of the NBA.
- Reggie Arnold, running back for the Arkansas State Red Wolves football team
- Lil' JJ American Actor, comedian, rapper, was born in Little rock, and now has his own show on Nickelodeon called Just Jordan
- Chris Harris, an American football safety for the Carolina Panthers of the National Football League.
- Jamaal Anderson – Former high school football star for Little Rock Parkview, played his college career at the University of Arkansas at Fayettville and was drafted first round as a Defensive End in the 2006 NFL Draft by the Atlanta Falcons
- Roswell Beebe (1795–1856) early mayor, alderman, benefactor, and president of the Cairo and Fulton Railroad.
- Danielle Evans (Born in 1986 – Little Rock) 2006 – Dani Evans (also known as Danielle Evans) is an American fashion model and television personality. Evans was the winner of Cycle 6 of America's Next Top Model (ANTM).
- Brooks Robinson was born in Little Rock in 1937. He began his career at Little Rock's own Lamar Porter Field before playing for the Baltimore Orioles from 1955 to 1977.
- Douglas MacArthur GCB (1880–1964) was born in Little Rock and was an American general and Medal of Honor recipient. He was Supreme Commander of Allied forces in the South West Pacific Area during World War II. President Harry Truman relieved General MacArthur of his military command in on April 11, 1951.
- John Gould Fletcher (1886–1950) was a Pulitzer Prize winning Imagist poet and author. He was born in Little Rock to a socially prominent family. Fletcher suffered from depression and committed suicide by drowning in a pond near his home in Little Rock. Fletcher is buried at historic Mount Holly Cemetery in Little Rock. The Fletcher Branch Library of the Central Arkansas Library System is named in his honor.
- Frank Bonner (born 1942) in Little Rock, is an actor and television director best known for playing sales manager Herb Tarlek on the classic TV sitcom WKRP in Cincinnati. He has also directed episodes of many TV sitcoms, including Who's the Boss?, Head of the Class, and Evening Shade.
- Gil Gerard (born 1943) in Little Rock, he is most famous for his role as Captain William "Buck" Rogers in the 1979–1981 television series Buck Rogers in the 25th Century. He was married to Connie Sellecca (1979–1987).
- Wesley Clark born in Chicago on December 23, 1944 under the name Wesley Kanne. He was a 2004 presidential contender and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Commander. Clark is a graduate of Hall High School in Little Rock.
- Chelsea Clinton born February 27, 1980 in Little Rock, is the only child of President Bill Clinton and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton. Chelsea's name was inspired by her parents' fondness for the Judy Collins recording of the Joni Mitchell song "Chelsea Morning".
- Former President Bill Clinton and U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton lived in Little Rock when Bill Clinton was Attorney General of Arkansas 1977–1979 and Governor of Arkansas 1979–1981; and also returning as Governor 1983–1993.
- Lynn A. Davis, attorney, lecturer, and head of the state police in 1967, who cleared Hot Springs of illegal gambling, was the U.S. marshal in Little Rock from 1969-1974.
- Jason White, (born 1973) in Little Rock, is most known as a touring guitarist for Green Day.
- Jerry Jones, an owner of the Dallas Cowboys, and actresses Mary Steenburgen and Joey Lauren Adams are sometimes associated with Little Rock. Mary Steenburgen and Joey Lauren Adams are graduates of Northeast High School in North Little Rock, Arkansas.
- Jim Keet, a former state legislator from Little Rock, is the Republican gubernatorial nominee against incumbent Mike Beebe in the November 2, 2010, general election
- Sidney Moncrief is a former Arkansas Razorback and NBA Milwaukee Bucks basketball great was born in Little Rock.
- Richard Thalheimer Founder, Chairman and CEO of the Sharper Image Corporation was raised in Little Rock.
- Helen Gurley Brown Editor-in-chief of Cosmopolitan magazine for 32 years lived in Little Rock.
- Daniel Davis Best known as Niles the Butler on the television program The Nanny, lived in Little Rock.
- Kevin McReynolds Born in Little Rock. Played Major League Baseball for 12 years.
- Houston Nutt Born in Little Rock. Coach of the University of Arkansas Razorbacks football team from 1997 to 2007. He is currently the coach of the Ole Miss Rebels.
- E. Fay Jones Noted Architect, designer and an apprentice of Frank Lloyd Wright. He was born in Pine Bluff and lived in Little Rock for a time.
- Jane Krutz First female office building manager in the state of Arkansas. Founding member of Friends of AETN, and appeared in virtually every telethon the local PBS station has broadcast over the past 35 years. Appeared before Congress on behalf of PBS in order to keep funding for educational television throughout the nation.
- Joe Johnson Born in Little Rock where he played AAU and high school basketball. A graduate of Little Rock Central High School, Johnson played collegiately at the University of Arkansas where he played for two years before becoming a lottery pick by the NBA's Boston Celtics. He was traded to the Phoenix Suns, where he became a starting shooting guard for the Suns. Johnson later signed with the Atlanta Hawks, where has been a three-time All-Star.
- Jermain Taylor By defeating then champion Bernard Hopkins, Jermain Taylor became professional boxing's undisputed Middleweight Champion of the World on December 3, 2005. Jermain Taylor lives in Little Rock and has become one of the city's most visible supporters.
- Connie Hamzy, One of the most prolific groupies of all time.
- John LeCompt (born March 10, 1973 Little Rock) musician who has been part of the Little Rock music scene with bands like Evanescence.
- John Kocinski, 1990 250cc Motorcycle World Champion & 1997 Superbike Motorcycle World Champion, also won the 1993 United States 500 cc Grand Prix on a Cagiva.
- Alison Rogers, real estate agent and author.
- Torii Hunter (baseball) Pine Bluff native currently playing with the Los Angeles Angels
- Glen Day (golf) – PGA Tour Professional, winner of 1999 Heritage at Hilton Head, SC
- Hubert "Geese" Ausbie (basketball) – born in 1938, "Geese" Ausbie joined the Harlem Globetrotters basketball team in 1961 following a standout college career at Philander Smith College in Little Rock (Pulaski County). For the next twenty-four years, Ausbie played for the Globetrotters and became known as the "Clown Prince of Basketball" for his entertaining antics on the court.
- Keith Jackson, former NFL player for the Philadelphia Eagles, Miami Dolphins, and the Green Bay Packers.
- Catherine Tharp Altvater, artist and first woman to hold office in the American Watercolor Society was born in Little Rock.
- American Princes, whose record, Other People, was named Magnet magazine's #1 album of 2008, is based out of Little Rock.
- Evanescence and Ho-Hum have their roots in Little Rock.
- Richard B. Boone (February 24, 1930 – February 8, 1999) was an American jazz musician and scat singer.
- Art Porter, Sr., (February 8, 1934 – February 8, 1993) was an American jazz pianist. He was the father of jazz saxophonist Art Porter, Jr.
- Art Porter, Jr., (August 3, 1961 – November 23, 1996), was an American jazz saxophonist. He was the son of jazz musician Art Porter, Sr.
- Pharoah Sanders, an American jazz saxophonist.
- Living Sacrifice, a Christian death/thrash/metalcore band that formed in 1989 in Little Rock, Arkansas, U.S.. They are considered one of the most influential bands in the Christian metal scene.
- Green Day's backup guitarist (particularly for the American Idiot tour and the 21st Century Breakdown tour), Jason White is from Little Rock.
- Jason Truby, ex-guitarist for the band P.O.D., is from Little Rock. Truby was also in the band Living Sacrifice, also based in Little Rock.
- Cory Brandan Putman, lead vocalist for Grammy nominated band Norma Jean and ex-guitarist for Living Sacrifice a highly successful metal band based out of Little Rock.
- The sludge metal band Rwake (signed to Relapse Records) was formed in Little Rock.
- Stevie Wonder's hit song "I Was Made To Love Her" mentions Little Rock in the first lyric.
- Towncraft is a documentary on the 1990s Little Rock punk rock scene.
- Billy Joel's song "We Didn't Start the Fire" mentions Little Rock as a reference to the incident starting September 2, 1957 in which then-governor Orval Faubus sent National Guardsmen to prevent 9 black students from entering Little Rock Central High School as a response to the Brown v. Board of Education decision.
- Kaohsiung, Taiwan 1983
- Hanam City, South Korea 1992
- Changchun, China 1994
- Ragusa, Italy 1997
- Mons, Belgium
- Pachuca de Soto, Mexico
- Samsun, Turkey 2006
- ^ http://www.arkansasonline.com/news/2011/feb/10/census-data-arkansas-released/?latest
- ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Arkansas, April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008" (CSV). 2008 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. July 1, 2009. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2008-04-05.csv. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
- ^ "Navy Names Littoral Combat Ship Little Rock" DOD press release. 15 July 2011
- ^ "U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - Programs and Project Management" (HTML). Pulaski County Pedestrian/Bicycle Bridge Project Status. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - Little Rock District - Programs and Project Management Division. August 22, 2006. http://www.swl.usace.army.mil/PROJMGT/pulaskibridge.html. Retrieved 2006-12-02.
- ^ "Army Recruiter Killed In LR Shooting". KTHV. http://www.todaysthv.com/news/local/story.aspx?storyid=85963&catid=2. Retrieved November 18, 2010.
- ^ http://www.investigativeproject.org/documents/case_docs/988.pdf
- ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- ^ Bradbury, Cary (2007-11-14). "North Little Rock (Pulaski County)". http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=973. Retrieved 2008-05-15.
- ^ "NCDC: U.S. Climate Normals". http://cdo.ncdc.noaa.gov/climatenormals/clim20/ar/034248.pdf.
- ^ "Weather Underground Weather History for Little Rock, Arkansas". http://www.wunderground.com/history/airport/KLIT/2011/8/1/MonthlyHistory.html.
- ^ "Census of Population and Housing". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/decennial/index.htm. Retrieved 2009-07-02.
- ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=ChangeGeoContext&geo_id=16000US0541000&_geoContext=&_street=&_county=Little+Rock&_cityTown=Little+Rock&_state=&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null®=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=
- ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ADPTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=16000US0541000&-qr_name=ACS_2007_3YR_G00_DP3YR5&-ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_G00_&-_lang=en&-redoLog=false&-_sse=on
- ^ Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.178.
- ^ Brennan, Morgan (March 8, 2011). "America's Least Toxic Cities". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/2011/03/08/least-toxic-cities-real-estate-forbeslife.html.
- ^ Billy Hathorn, "Austin Toliver Powers and Leander Louis Clover: Planting the American Baptist Association in Northwest Louisiana during the Middle 20th Century," North Louisiana History, Vol. XLI (Summer-Fall 2010, pp. 132, 138
- ^ http://littlegreenfootballs.com/article/33843_RIP_Pvt._William_Andrew_Long
- ^ "Recruitment Shooting Suspect Doesn't Think Killing Was Murder". Fox News (Associated Press). 9 June 2009. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,525584,00.html. Retrieved 20 September 2009.
- ^ Scanlon, Jennifer (2009). Toff, Nancy. ed. Bad Girls Go Everywhere: The Life of Helen Gurley Brown. Oxford University Press. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-19-534205-5.
- ^ http://www.watson.org/~lisa/blackhistory/school-integration/lilrock/index.html
- Gailiano, Amanda. "Lets Get Historical - Early Arkansas." About.com Cities and Towns 19 April 2006. 
- City-Data.com. "Average Climate in Little Rock, Arkansas." 
- Central Arkansas Transit authority. Bus services
- Morgan, James. "Little Rock: The 2005 American Heritage Great American Place" American Heritage, October 2005.
- Greater Little Rock: a contemporary portrait, Letha Mills, 1990
- The Atlas of Arkansas, Richard M. Smith 1989
- Cities in the U.S.; The South, Fourth Edition, Volume 1, Linda Schmittroth, 2001
- Redefining the Color Line: Black Activism in Little Rock, Arkansas, 1940-1970, John A. Kirk, 2002.
- How We Lived: Little Rock as an American City, Frederick Hampton Roy, 1985
Municipalities and communities of Pulaski County, ArkansasCounty seat: Little Rock Cities Town CDPs Unincorporated
‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties
State capitals of the United States AL Montgomery AK Juneau AZ Phoenix AR Little Rock CA Sacramento CO Denver CT Hartford DE Dover FL Tallahassee GA Atlanta HI Honolulu ID Boise IL Springfield IN Indianapolis IA Des Moines KS Topeka KY Frankfort LA Baton Rouge ME Augusta MD Annapolis MA Boston MI Lansing MN Saint Paul MS Jackson MO Jefferson City MT Helena NE Lincoln NV Carson City NH Concord NJ Trenton NM Santa Fe NY Albany NC Raleigh ND Bismarck OH Columbus OK Oklahoma City OR Salem PA Harrisburg RI Providence SC Columbia SD Pierre TN Nashville TX Austin UT Salt Lake City VT Montpelier VA Richmond WA Olympia WV Charleston WI Madison WY Cheyenne DC Washington1
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