Kings County, Nova Scotia
Kings County — County —
Nickname(s): Land of Orchards & Tides Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Canada Province Nova Scotia Towns Berwick / Kentville / Wolfville Established August 17, 1759 Incorporated April 17, 1879 Electoral Districts
Kings—Hants / West Nova
Provincial Kings North / Kings South / Kings West Government – Type Kings County Municipal Council – Warden Diana Brothers Area – Land 2,122.18 km2 (819.4 sq mi) Population (2006) – Total 60,035 – Density 28.3/km2 (73.3/sq mi) – Change 2001-06 2.0% – Census Rankings
- Census Divisions
22,161 (169 of 5,008)
12,033 (307 of 5,008)
8,121 (454 of 5,008)
5,499 (636 of 5,008)
2,454 (1,157 of 5,008)
5,815 (606 of 5,008)
3,772 (853 of 5,008)
120 (4,337 of 5,008)
60 (606 of 5,008)
Time zone AST (UTC-4) – Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3) Area code(s) 902 Dwellings 27,177 Median Income* $44,744 CDN Website www.county.kings.ns.ca *Median household income, 2005 (all households)
The part of the county residing in the Annapolis Valley comprises the agricultural heartland of the province and boasts over 600 farms; the area is famous for its fruit crops, primarily apples. As with most coastal parts of the Maritimes, Kings County's shoreline was home to a productive shipbuilding industry during the 19th century.
Wolfville houses the highly ranked Acadia University. Cape Blomidon and the North Mountain preside over the Annapolis Valley, whereas the South Mountain and interior forests to the southern part of the county support a variety of lakes and recreational cottaging areas.
The first inhabitants of the coast, valley and interior of Kings County were the Mi'kmaq. Archaeological evidence from sites in the area indicate Mi'kmaq habitation dates back thousands of years. The Mi'kmaq were a semi-nomadic people who followed seasonal food sources. Their lives would be forever changed with the arrival of the Europeans.
The colonization of "Les Mines" and Grand Pre began in the 1680s when a few families relocated from French settlement at Port Royal. These "Acadians" settlers were named after the French name for the land "Acadie" meaning "land of plenty". These farmers were accustomed to farming on dyked lands, and did so here as well. This took place on the normally salty but fertile marshes that were found on the banks of the Minas Basin, through the use of dykes and aboiteaux that allowed the fresh water entry but kept out the salt water tide. The Acadians farmers prospered in Kings County, and lived harmoniously with the Mi'kmaq. The Acadians and Mi'kmaq fought numerous battles against the British at Grand Pre:Raid on Grand Pre, Battle of Grand Pre, and the Siege of Grand Pre.
After the final defeat of and expulsion of the Acadians, British control of the land was secured by repopulating the former French lands with settlers from New England. Between 1760 and 1768 some 8000 New Englanders came to "plant" a new colony. Kings County comprised three agricultural townships: Horton, Cornwallis, and Aylesford. The legacy of the New England Planters is still a tangible part of the life in Kings County, and had an important influence on Nova Scotian ideas on democratic government, freedom of religion and equality of education.
The Planters were followed in the 1780s by further settlers from the United Empire Loyalists as well as significant numbers of Irish immigrants. The roots of Black Heritage in Kings County began almost 250 years ago when the New England Planters were accompanied by slaves and freed Blacks to settle in Horton and Cornwallis Townships. This initial African population would swell with larger migrations following the American Revolution and especially the War of 1812. Further waves of immigration followed in the following two centuries increasing and adding to the population and diversity of Kings County.
The County's agricultural industry blossomed in the 19th century, especially after the arrival of the Dominion Atlantic Railway which led to a major expansion of exports, especially the apple industry. After the loss of the British export market for apples in World War II, Kings County farmers diversified into other crops and livestock. Agriculture remains a major industry as the county has some of the best farmland in Nova Scotia, but farmland now faces pressure from suburban development around valley towns. The county also faces serious pollution problems in its major water artery, the Cornwallis River.
Kings County was a major wooden shipbuilding area in the 19th Century, including a four-masted barque built in Kingsport named Kings County which was one of the largest ever built in Canada. Today a number of light industrial factories are located in Coldbrook and Waterville.
The county's history is preserved and interpreted at the Kings County Museum in Kentville and a number of Kings County towns have museums related to their specific stories such as the Wolfville Historical Society and the Apple Capital Museum in Berwick.
Census Population Change (%) 2006 60,035 2.0% 2001 58,866 0.6% 1996 59,193 5.1% 1991 56,317 N/A
Mother tongue language (2006)
Language Population Pct (%) English only 56,365 95.11% Other languages 1,680 2.83% French only 1,150 1.94% Both English and French 70 0.12%
Ethnic Groups (2006)
Race Population Pct (%) White 57,875 97.66% Black 740 1.25% Asian 550 0.93% Other 80 0.13%
- Alex Colville is a renowned artist living in the town of Wolfville.
- Leslie R. Fairn was a well-known architect from the Wolfville area who designed several buildings on the Acadia University campus, including University Hall, as well as many other buildings in Nova Scotia and Atlantic Canada.
- Colonel G.D. Ward was the Commanding Officer of CFS Masset and graduated from West Kings District High School in Auburn, Kings County.
Towns in Kings County include Berwick, Kentville and Wolfville. Incorporated villages include New Minas, Greenwood, Coldbrook, Kingston, Aylesford, Canning, Port Williams and Cornwallis Square. Smaller communities include Kingsport on the Minas Basin shore, as well as Halls Harbour and Baxters Harbour, current and former fishing communities, respectively, on the Bay of Fundy shore.
Indian Reserves in Kings County include Cambridge and Glooscap.
- Census Subdivisions
- Kings, Subd. A
- Kings, Subd. B
- Kings, Subd. C
- Kings, Subd. D
Highways and numbered routes that run through the county, including external routes that start or finish at the county limits:
- External Routes:
- List of communities in Nova Scotia
- Royal eponyms in Canada
- ^ a b c d 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Kings County, Nova Scotia
- ^ Statistics Canada Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data
- ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
- ^ Atlantic Canada Back Road Atlas ISBN 978-1-55368-618-7 Pages 65-66, 78-79
- Photographs of historic monuments in Kings County
- Kings County Museum
- Parks Canada New England Planters Exhibit
Bay of Fundy Minas Basin Annapolis County Hants County Kings County Lunenburg County Subdivisions of Nova Scotia Counties Regions Regional municipalities Municipal districts TownsAmherst · Annapolis Royal · Antigonish · Berwick · Bridgetown · Bridgewater · Canso · Clark's Harbour · Digby · Hantsport · Kentville · Lockeport · Lunenburg · Mahone Bay · Middleton · Mulgrave · New Glasgow · Oxford · Parrsboro · Pictou · Port Hawkesbury · Shelburne · Springhill · Stellarton · Stewiacke · Trenton · Truro · Westville · Windsor · Wolfville · Yarmouth Incorporated villages Lists
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