Rail gauge in South America

Argentina and Chile use RailGauge|1676 "Indian gauge".

Brazil uses RailGauge|1600 (known as "broad gauge", most common for passenger services and a few corridors in the Southeast) and RailGauge|1 (known as "narrow gauge" or "metre gauge", most common for cargo services). Exceptions are the Estrada de Ferro do Amapá North of the River Amazon, which has 1,440 mm gauge and the new Line 5 of São Paulo Metro, which uses standard gauge.

Argentina (partly), Paraguay, Uruguay and Peru use standard gauge. In the past a few lines in Northern Chile also had standard gauge, as the only international railway between Arica (Chile) and Tacna (Peru) a bit more than 60 km has standard gauge. The El Cerrejón Coal Railway and Venezuelan Railways are also RailGauge|1435.


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