Agapanthus praecox

Agapanthus praecox
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
clade: Angiosperms
clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Agapanthoideae
Genus: Agapanthus
Species: A. praecox
Binomial name
Agapanthus praecox
Willd.

Agapanthus praecox (Common Agapanthus[1], Blue Lily[1], African Lily[2], or Lily of the Nile[3]) is a native of the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa. Local names for this species include agapant, bloulelie, isicakathi and ubani.[1] Most of the cultivated plants of the genus Agapanthus are hybrids or cultivars of this species.[1]

Contents

Description

Agapanthus praecox is a variable species with open-faced flowers. It is divided into three subspecies: subsp.praecox, subsp. orientalis and subsp. minimus.[1]

subsp. praecox

This subspecies occurs in Eastern Cape province of South Africa. It usually grows to between 0.8 and 1 metre tall and has 10-11 leathery leaves. The blue flowers, appear from December to February.[1] These have perianth segments which are greater than 50 mm in length.[1]

subsp. orientalis

Closeup of the flowers from the subspecies Orientalis.

This subspecies occurs in Eastern Cape and southern KwaZulu-Natal. Although it is about the same height as subsp. praecox, it has up to 20 poisonous, strap-like leaves per plant which are arching and are not leathery.[1] These range in length from 20 to 70 cm long and 3 to 5 cm wide.

[4] Flower colour ranges from blue to white.[1][3] Shiny black seeds are produced in three-sided capsules.[3] These have perianth segments which are less than 50 mm in length.[1]

subsp. minimus

Occurring in the southeastern Western Cape and Eastern Cape, this subspecies is the smallest, ranging in height from 300 to 600 mm. It has a longer flowering season, from November to March. Flower colour includes white and various shades of blue.[1]

Naturalisation

The species is naturalised in Australia[3], New Zealand[5] and the Isles of Scilly.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Agapanthus praecox Willd.". PlantZAfrica.com. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantab/agapanpraecox.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-20. [dead link]
  2. ^ "Taxon: Agapanthus praecox Willd.". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?410534. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Agapanthus - Bush Invader". http://www.weedsbluemountains.org.au/agapanthus.asp. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  4. ^ "Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis (F.M.Leight.) F.M.Leight.". PlantNET - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust, Sydney Australia. http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/NSWfl.pl?page=nswfl&lvl=in&name=Agapanthus~praecox. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  5. ^ "'Agapanthus praecox". Weeds Index. Environment Bay of Plenty. Archived from the original on 2008-06-21. http://web.archive.org/web/20080621163851/http://www.envbop.govt.nz/weeds/Weed229.asp. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  6. ^ "Weird Weeds of Scilly". The Islander. http://www.islesofscillyholidays.co.uk/TheIslander/TI_03/TheIslander3-p27-30.pdf. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Agapanthus praecox — Agapanthus praecox …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Agapanthus praecox — ID 1727 Symbol Key AGPR5 Common Name African lily Family Liliaceae Category Monocot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CA Growth Habit Forb/herb Duration …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Agapanthus praecox ssp. orientalis — ID 1728 Symbol Key AGPRO Common Name N/A Family Liliaceae Category Monocot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Cultivated, or not in the U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution N/A Growth Habit N/A …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Agapanthus praecox Willd. — Symbol AGPR5 Common Name African lily Botanical Family Liliaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Agapanthus praecox Willd. ssp. orientalis (F.M. Leight.) F.M. Leight. — Symbol AGPRO Botanical Family Liliaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Agapanthus — Agapanthacées A …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Agapanthus — Agapanthaceae Agapanthacées …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Agapanthus — Taxobox name = Agapanthus image width = 250px image caption = Agapanthus flower regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Liliopsida ordo = Asparagales familia = Agapanthaceae genus = Agapanthus genus authority = L Hér. subdivision ranks …   Wikipedia

  • Agapanthus — Schmucklilien Agapanthus africanus, Blütenstand Systematik Abteilung: Bedecktsamer (Magnoliophyta) …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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