Cape Breton County, Nova Scotia
official_name = Pagename
settlement_type = County
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Pagename
dot_mapsize = 250px
dot_map_caption =Location of Pagename
dot_x = |dot_y =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = CAN
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = NS
subdivision_type2 = Municipality
subdivision_name2 = Cape Breton Regional Municipality
leader_name =John W. Morgan
leader_title1 = Council
leader_name1 =Cape Breton Regional Council
area_total_km2 = 2470.62
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 109,330
population_density_km2 = 44.3
timezone = AST
utc_offset = -4
latd= |latm= |lats= |latNS=N
longd= |longm= |longs= |longEW=W
area_code = 902
blank_name = Median Earnings*
website = [http://www.cbrm.ns.ca http://www.cbrm.ns.ca]
footnotes = *Median household income, 2000 ($) (all households)
Part of a series about Places in Nova Scotia
Cape Breton County is a
countyin the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, on Cape Breton Island.
Taking its name from Cape Breton, the most easterly point of the island which was called after the Bretons of
Brittany, this municipality has what is probably the oldest surviving European name to have been used to designate part of North America.
By proclamation of
October 17, 1763after termination of the Seven Years' War, Cape Breton Island was formally annexed to Nova Scotia. For a time thereafter Cape Breton Island was part of Halifax County. On December 10, 1765Cape Breton Island was set apart as a separate county.
From 1784 to 1820 Cape Breton Island was a separate colony with a Lieutenant Governor and a nominated Council, but without an elected house of assembly. Not until after Cape Breton was reannexed to Nova Scotia in 1820 did it receive representation in an elected legislature.
Although subdivided into three districts in 1824, Cape Breton County was co-extensive with Cape Breton Island from 1820 to 1835 when the county was divided into three separate and distinct counties - Cape Breton (Northeastern District), Richmond (Southern District) and Juste au Corps (Northwest District) later called Inverness.
In 1851 Victoria County was formed out of part of Cape Breton County and a year later, in 1852, the boundaries of Cape Breton County were redefined.
In August 1995, after the provincial government conducted a study that reported back to them that 60-some municipalities was too many for such a small province, the result was that the Municipality of the County of Cape Breton was amalgamated with other incorporated municipalities in the county to form a single municipal government. The resulting
Cape Breton Regional Municipality's (CBRM) boundary includes all of Cape Breton County except for the Eskasoni and Membertou First Nations. Also amalgamated was Halifax Countyand its municipalities into one single Halifax Regional Municipality(HRM). Following was the amalgamation of Queens County, the only difference was that Queens County chose to amalgamate, while Halifax and Cape Breton Counties did not.
For a list of communities in Cape Breton County, see List of communities
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