- Iberian gauge
railway terminology, Iberian gauge ( _es. ancho ibérico/trocha ibérica, _pt. bitola ibérica) is railway trackthat has the running rails RailGauge|1668 apart. The primary installed base of track is on the Iberian Peninsulain south-west Europe.
The gauge was adopted in the mid
19th centurywith the Portuguese gauge (with some tracks already existing in Standard gauge) adapting to the Spanish standard in order to ensure interoperability [Assim, em 20 de Junho de 1860, funda a Companhia Real dos Caminhos de Ferro Portugueses que se propõe explorar as Linhas do Norte e do Leste e as linhas de que posteriormente obtivesse concessão. Thus, on June 20, 1860, founded the Society of Real Caminhos de Ferro Portugueses it proposes to exploit the lines of North and the East and the lines that subsequently obtain concession. De imediato a Companhia Real muda a bitola (1,44 metros) da linha já construída entre Lisboa e Asseca (68 Km.), passando-a para a bitola ibérica, com 1,67 metros, sem haver qualquer interrupção no serviço ferroviário. From immediate changes to the Company Real gauge (1.44 meters) of the line already built between Lisbon and of Asseca (68 km), passing it to gauge the Iberian, with 1.67 meters, without any interruption in rail service. [http://apac.cp.pt/hist_cp.htm] [http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fapac.cp.pt%2Fhist_cp.htm&sl=pt&tl=en&hl=en&ie=UTF-8] ] .
The main railway networks of
Spainand Portugalwere constructed to gauges of six Castilian feet (RailGauge|1672 and five Portuguese feet (RailGauge|1664 Fact|date=August 2008 making a common "Iberian gauge" of 1,668 mm.
One of the commonly cited reasons for the adoption of this non-standard gauge was to obstruct a repetition of French invasion attempts, but it may have been a technical decision, to allow for the running of larger, more powerful locomotives in a mountainous country. [ [http://www.grijalvo.com/Aristogeronte/Ancho_via.htm Aristogeronte - El ancho de vía en los ferrocarriles españoles ] ]
Since the beginning of the 1990s new high-speed passenger lines in Spain have been built to the international standard gauge of RailGauge|sg, to allow these lines to link to the European high-speed network. Although the 22 km from Tardienta to
Huesca(part of a branch from the Madridto Barcelonahigh-speed line) has been reconstructed as mixed Iberic and standard gauge, in general the interface between the two gauges in Spain is dealt with by means of gauge-changing installations, which can adjust the gauge of appropriately designed wheelsets on the move. [ [http://www.talgo.es/ Talgo Date=2008-09-04] ] [ [http://www.caf.net/ingles/productos/sistemas_brava.php :: CAF - Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, we create railway solutions :: ] ]
There are plans to convert the whole broad gauge network to standard gauge, but so far the only visible indication is the use of dual gauge concrete sleepers (with two positions of bolt holes) on stretches of relaid broad-gauge trackFact|date=August 2008.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Gauge conversion — Change of gauge redirects here. For other uses, see Change of gauge (disambiguation). Track gauge by size … Wikipedia
Dual gauge — Track gauge by size Broad gauge Sta … Wikipedia
Broad gauge — For other uses, see Gauge (disambiguation). Track gauge by size … Wikipedia
Standard gauge — For Standard Gauge in toy trains, see Standard Gauge (Toy Trains). Track gauge by size … Wikipedia
Rail gauge in Europe — Most railways in Europe use the standard gauge of 1435 mm. Some countries use broad gauge, of which there are three types. Narrow gauges also exist. Broad gauge *Russian gauge **RailGauge|1520 : Former Soviet Union states **RailGauge|1524 :… … Wikipedia
Narrow gauge railway — Track gauge by size Broad gauge St … Wikipedia
Minimum gauge railway — Track gauge by size Broad gauge Sta … Wikipedia
Metre gauge — refers to narrow gauge railways and tramways with a track gauge of 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in). In some African, American and Asian countries it is the main gauge. In Europe it has been used for local railways in France … Wikipedia
AVE Class 100 — Infobox Train name = RENFE Class 100 imagesize = 300px caption = Series 100 train in Cordoba station Manufacturer = Alstom Operator = RENFE Formation = 2 driving cars and 8 passenger cars per train set LinesServed = Madrid Seville InService =… … Wikipedia
RENFE — operadora Type Incorporation Industry Rail transport Founded 2005 … Wikipedia