Charleston class amphibious cargo ship

USS Charleston
USS Charleston (LKA-113) in 1988
Class overview
Builders: Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co.
Built: 1966–1969
In commission: 1968–1994
Completed: 5
Laid up: 5
General characteristics
Type: Amphibious cargo ship
Displacement: ~9,000 tons (light)
~18,500 tons (full load)
Length: 576 ft (176 m)
Beam: 82 ft (25 m)
Draft: 26 ft (7.9 m)
Propulsion: Steam Turbine
Speed: 20 knots (37 km/h)
Boats and landing
craft carried:
Up to 18 landing craft
Complement: 50 officers, 592 men
Armament: 4 × twin 3"/50 caliber guns
Aviation facilities: Helicopter landing platform

The Charleston-class amphibious cargo ships were a class of amphibious cargo ships in service with the United States Navy. These ships served in Amphibious Readiness Groups between 1968 and 1994. The ships were the last amphibious cargo ships built for the U.S. Navy, their role having been taken over by amphibious transport docks.

Contents

Service

Built in the late 1960s, these ships participated in the Vietnam War. Four of the five ships in the class had been transferred to the reserve fleet in the late 1970s and early 1980s. The need for additional sealift capacity resulted in all four being returned to the active fleet in 1982. They are among the first Navy ships to have a fully automated main propulsion plant (600-pound pressure with superheat, known as a "Super Six."). The lead ship of the class, Charleston was decommissioned in 1992, and was joined by St. Louis in November 1992. The remaining ships were decommissioned in 1994. All ships are mothballed for possible activation in the future.[1]

Design

USS EL Paso shows the general layout of the Charleston-class.

The assigned mission of the amphibious cargo ship was to transport and land combat equipment and material with attendant personnel in an amphibious assault. To optimize their capability for combat loading, they provided considerable flexibility in cargo stowage methods. The cargo elevators servicing holds 1, 3, and 4 make all categories of supplies and all levels available simultaneously to either the main deck or the helicopter platform. Use of the ship's forklifts and pallet transporters speed the maneuvering of cargo in the holds and enable delivery to various debarkation stations via the main deck passageways, which run the length of the ship. The arrangement and quantity of booms and cargo elevators make it possible to simultaneously embark/debark vehicles and cargo.

Vehicles in upper stowage spaces can be embarked/debarked through the hatches with cargo booms, while pallets are embarked/debarked in lower stowage spaces by elevators. The main deck hatch of hold 2 is unobstructed and can be opened for embarking/debarking of vehicles without the delay of unloading landing craft stowed on the hatch. Hold 4 is well suited for high priority cargo because of its direct access to the flight deck or main deck via elevator number 5.[2]

Ships

Three LKAs tied up at Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, Jan 2008

References

  1. ^ Stefan Terzibaschitsch 50 Jahre Amphibische Schiffe der U.S. Navy. Leonberg (Germany), p.65
  2. ^ Stefan Terzibaschitsch Seemacht USA. Bechtermuenz, Augsburg (Germany), p. 602. ISBN 3-86047-576-2
  3. ^ http://www.navsource.org/archives/10/02/02113.htm
  4. ^ http://www.navsource.org/archives/10/02/02114.htm
  5. ^ http://www.navsource.org/archives/10/02/02115.htm
  6. ^ http://www.navsource.org/archives/10/02/02116.htm
  7. ^ http://www.navsource.org/archives/10/02/02117.htm

See also



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Amphibious cargo ship — Amphibious cargo ships were U.S. Navy ships designed specifically to carry troops, heavy equipment and supplies in support of amphibious assaults, and to provide naval gunfire support during those assaults. They were originally called Attack… …   Wikipedia

  • Tolland class attack cargo ship — The Tolland class attack cargo ships were built by North Carolina Shipbuilding Co. in Wilmington, North Carolina during the latter stages of World War II. Like all AKA s, they were designed to carry combat loaded military cargo and landing craft …   Wikipedia

  • Andromeda class attack cargo ship — The Andromeda class attack cargo ships were built by Federal Shipbuilding Drydock Co. in Kearny, New Jersey and Moore Dry Dock Co., in Oakland, California;during World War II. Like all AKA s, they were designed to carry combat loaded military… …   Wikipedia

  • Artemis class attack cargo ship — The Artemis class attack cargo ships were built by Walsh Kaiser Co., Inc. of Providence, R.I., during World War II. Like all AKA s, they were designed to carry combat loaded military cargo and landing craft, and to use the latter to land weapons …   Wikipedia

  • Arcturus class attack cargo ship — The Arcturus class attack cargo ships were converted from other ship types by Sun Shipbuilding Drydock Co. in Chester, Pennsylvania, Tampa Shipbuilding Co. in Tampa, Florida, and Federal Shipbuilding Drydock Co. in Kearny, New Jersey during World …   Wikipedia

  • San Antonio class amphibious transport dock — The San Antonio class is the United States Navy s new primary class of amphibious transport dock (LPD) in the beginning of 21st centurycite web |url= http://www.navy.mil/navydata/fact display.asp?cid=4200 tid=600 ct=4 |title= US Navy Fact File:… …   Wikipedia

  • USS Charleston (LKA-113) — USS Charleston (AKA 113/LKA 113) was an amphibious cargo ship, and was the lead ship of her class in the United States Navy. She was the fifth ship to be named Charleston for Charleston, South Carolina and Charleston, West Virginia. She served as …   Wikipedia

  • List of United States Navy amphibious warfare ships — This is a list of amphibious warfare ships of the United States Navy.Amphibious Assault Ships (General Purpose) (LHA) Tarawa class* USS Tarawa (LHA 1) * USS Saipan (LHA 2) * USS Belleau Wood (LHA 3) * USS Nassau (LHA 4) * USS Peleliu (LHA 5)… …   Wikipedia

  • USS St. Louis (LKA-116) — USS St. Louis (AKA 116/LKA 116), a Charleston class amphibious cargo ship, is the sixth U.S. ship to bear the name. She served as a commissioned ship for 22 years and 11 months. She was laid down as AKA 116 on 3 April 1968 by the Newport News… …   Wikipedia

  • Десантные транспорты-доки типа «Сан-Антонио» — San Antonio class amphibious transport dock …   Википедия


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.