Carlotta Grisi


Carlotta Grisi

Carlotta Grisi, real name Caronne Adele Josephine Marie Grisi was an Italian ballet dancer. She was born on June 28, 1819 in Visinada, Istria and died on May 20, 1899 in Saint-Jean, Switzerland. She was trained at the ballet school of Teatro alla Scala in Milan and later with dancer/balletmaster Jules Perrot.

Biography

At her 1836 debut in London Grisi performed with the accomplished danseur Jules Perrot. She next appeared in Paris at the Théâtre de la Renaissance (1840) and a year later, toured with Perrot to other parts of Europe. Through Perrot's contacts, the pair worked in Paris, London, Vienna, Munich, and Milan where she sang and danced. Of her two talents, it was her dancing that was acclaimed. By dancing Perrot's choreography, which at that time was receiving great attention, she gained notable attention of both the public and the critics.

Her greatest role however was that of "Giselle". The world première of this two-act ballet was on June 28, 1841 at the Theatre de l'Academie Royale de Musique, Paris. The part of Albrecht was danced by Lucien Petipa, (the brother of the great Marius Petipa), with the part of Myrtha, Queen of the Wilis danced by Adele Dumilatre. It caused a sensation and inspired its reviewers to proclaim "Giselle" to be the greatest ballet of its time and a triumphant successor to the Romantic masterwork "La Sylphide". As such, it immediately established Grisi as a star in her very first full-length ballet in Paris. Her salary grew from 5,000 francs to 12,000 in 1842 and 20,000 by 1844, with additional performance fees on top. It also marked the beginning of a change in her relationship with Jules Perrot.

Grisi's last performance in the west was in Paul Taglioni's "Les Métamorphoses" (aka "Satanella", 1849).

In 1850, she joined Perrot in St. Petersburg, Russia, where he had been appointed balletmaster, and she danced "Giselle" at the Imperial Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre. The first Giselle in Russia had been danced by Fanny Elssler, and so the initial reaction to Grisi's interpretation of the role was not enthusiastic. However, over time the Russians appreciated her talents. She was "Prima Ballerina" of the St. Petersburg Imperial Theatres in St. Petersburg from 1850 to 1853, working not only with Perrot but also Joseph Mazilier who staged for her "La Jolie Fille de Gand" and "Vert-Vert" especially for her.

In 1854, with her daughter, she left Russia for Warsaw, where she intended to continue dancing, but she became pregnant by Prince Léon Radziwill who then persuaded her to retire from ballet at the height of her fame. Grisi gave birth to her second daughter, Léontine Grisi, and, at the age of 34, settled near Geneva to spend the next forty-six years of her life in peaceful retirement. She died in St. Jean, Switzerland, on May 20, 1899, a month before her 80th birthday.

One of the "Giselle"'s creators, Théophile Gautier, described her dancing as having a childlike artlessness, a happy and infectious gaiety. He is famous for coining the phrase, "Art for art's sake",

Notable Roles

*Created the title role of "Giselle" (Jules Perrot, Jean Coralli and Adolphe Adam. 1841).
*Created the dual role of Peri/Leila in the oriental "La Péri" (Jean Coralli and Friedrich Burgmüller. 1843)
*Created the title role in "Paquita" (Joseph Mazilier and Edouard Deldevez. 1844)
*Second ballerina in "Pas de Quatre" (Jules Perrot and Cesare Pugni. 1845)
*Created the role of Mazourka in "Le Diable à Quatre" (Joseph Mazilier and Adolphe Adam. 1845)

External links

* [http://michaelminn.net/andros/index.html Andros on Ballet - Carlotta Grisi]
* [http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Chem/mfrancl/CollSem/giselle2.jpgCarlotta Grisi in "Giselle"]
* [http://istrianet.org/istria/illustri/grisi/index.htm Prominent Istrians, Carlotta Grisi]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carlotta Grisi — dans La Esmeralda de Jules Perrot. Lithographie de Joseph Bouvier (1844). Carlotta Grisi est une danseuse italienne, de son vrai nom Caronne Adèle Joséphine Marie Grise, née à Visinada[1] ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carlotta Grisi — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Carlotta Grisi Carlotta Grisi como Giselle, en una aldea de la Renania …   Wikipedia Español

  • Carlotta Grisi — Carlotta Grisi. Carlotta Grisi (* 28. Juni 1819 in Vižinada, Istrien; † 20. Mai 1899 in Saint Jean bei Genf) war eine italienische Tänzerin. Sie gehörte wie Marie Taglioni, Fanny Elssler, Fanny Cerrito, Emma Livry z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • GRISI (C.) — GRISI CARLOTTA (1819 1899) La plus jeune des trois célèbres danseuses romantiques (les deux premières étant Taglioni et Elssler), Carlotta Grisi sait être la synthèse des deux premières. Née à Visinida (Istrie), issue d’une famille italienne… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Grisi — ist der Name folgender Personen: Carlotta Grisi (1819–1899), italienische Tänzerin, Ballerina Giuditta Grisi (1805–1840), italienische Opernsängerin (Mezzosopran) Giulia Grisi (1811−1869), italienische Opernsängerin Diese Se …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Grisi — may refer to:* Giulia Grisi, opera singer * Carlotta Grisi, ballet dancer …   Wikipedia

  • Grisi, Carlotta — orig. Caronne Adele Josephine Marie Grisi born June 28, 1819, Visinada, Istria, Austrian Empire died May 20, 1899, Geneva, Switz. Italian ballerina of the Romantic era. She trained at the ballet school of La Scala in Milan. In 1834 she became the …   Universalium

  • Grisi — Grisi,   Carlotta, italienische Tänzerin, * Visinada (heute Vižinada, Istrien) 28. 6. 1819, ✝ Saint Jean (heute zu Genf) 20. 5. 1899; ab 1836 Schülerin und Partnerin von J. Perrot, der zahlreiche Ballette für sie choreographierte, u. a. »Giselle« …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Grisi, Carlotta — orig. Caronne Adele Josephine Marie Grisi (28 jun. 1819, Visinada, Istria, Imperio austríaco–20 may. 1899, Ginebra, Suiza). Bailarina italiana de la era romántica. Estudió en la escuela de ballet de la Scala de Milán. En 1834 se convirtió en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Giulia Grisi — de Candia, marqueza de Casa de Candia ( * Milán 22 de mayo de 1811– + Berlin 29 de noviembre de 1869), fue una célebre cantante de ópera italiana y una de las grandes sopranos del período bel canto romántico junto a María Malibrán, Giuditta Pasta …   Wikipedia Español


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