Opium and Alkaloid Works

The Opium and Alkaloid Works (OAW) is an Indian government-owned company located in the city of Ghazipur and the town Neemuch.[1]



The enterprise's two factories specialize in the production of opium and the extraction of related alkaloids (such as Codeine phosphates, Morphine salts, Dionine, Morphine Hydrochloride, Thebaine,[2] and more). It is the country's largest producer of opium-related products.[1]


Ghazipur factory

The Ghazipur factory has existed as the Benaras Opium Agency,[3] an entity of the East India Company, since 1820. In 1945, it began extracting alkaloids in addition to processing opium.[1] The Ghazipur opium factory is mentioned in the novel "Sea of Poppies" by Amitav Ghosh.

Neemuch factory

The Neemuch factory was founded in 1933. In 1976, it began extracting alkaloids in addition to processing opium.[1]


After 1976, the Chief Controller of Factories, currently Shri Ajesh Kumar,[3] replaced the Narcotics Commissioner (Who is Central Excise Commissioner on Deputation) of India as head of the OAW.[1]


The enterprise employs 1,432 people.[1]


Security is deputed by members of the Central Industrial Security Force, with 123 assigned to the Ghazipur factory and 104 to Neemuch.[1]

See also


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