- Sokoto State
Sokoto State — State — Nickname(s): Seat of the Caliphate Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Nigeria Date created 3 February 1976 Capital Sokoto Government – Governor
Aliyu Wamakko (PDP) – Senators – Representatives Area – Total 25,973 km2 (10,028.2 sq mi) Area rank 16th of 36 Population (1991 census) – Total 4,392,391 – Estimate (2005) 4,244,399 – Rank 14th of 36 – Density 169.1/km2 (438/sq mi) GDP (PPP) – Year 2007 – Total $4.82 billion – Per capita $1,274 Time zone WAT (UTC+01) ISO 3166 code NG-SO
Sokoto State is located in the extreme northwest of Nigeria, near to the confluence of the Sokoto River and the Rima River. As of 2005 it has an estimated population of more than 4.2 million. Sokoto City is the modern day capital of Sokoto State (and its predecessor, the Northwestern State).
The name Sokoto (which is the modern/anglicised version of the local name, Sakkwato) is of Arabic origin, representing suk, 'market'. It is also known as Sakkwato, Birnin Shaihu da Bello or "Sokoto, Capital of Shaihu and Bello").
Being the seat of the former Sokoto Caliphate, the city is predominantly Muslim and an important seat of Islamic learning in Nigeria. The Sultan who heads the caliphate is effectively the spiritual leader of Nigerian Muslims.
Since its creation as a state in 1976 (from the bifurcation of the erstwhile North-Western State into Sokoto and Niger States, Sokoto state has been ruled by governors, most ex-military officers, who succeeded each another at short intervals.
Sokoto, as a region, knows a longer history. During the reign of the Fulani Empire in the 19th century Sokoto was an important Fula state, in addition to being a city, of what was then west central Nigeria.
From ca. 1900, with the British take-over, Sokoto, which then encompassed the entire north-west corner of Nigeria, became a province of the British protectorate of Nigeria. Not long after Gando was added as a sub-province. This double province then covered an area of 35,000 square miles (90,000 km²) with an estimated population over 500,000. It included the then Zamfara and Argunga, or Kebbi, kingdoms.
The following excerpt from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica offers some information from the perspective of the occupying British power:
- The province has been organized on the same principle as the other provinces of Northern Nigeria. A British resident of the first class has been placed at Sokoto and assistant residents at other centres. British courts of justice have been established and British governors are quartered in the province. Detachments of civil police are also placed at the principal stations. The country has been assessed under the new system for taxes and is being opened as rapidly as possible for trade. After the establishment of British rule farmers and herdsmen reoccupied districts and the inhabitants of cities flocked back to the land, rebuilding villages which had been deserted for fifty years. Horse breeding and cattle raising form the chief source of wealth in the province. There is some ostrich farming. Except in the sandy areas there is extensive agriculture, including rice and cotton. Special crops are grown in the valleys by irrigation. Weaving, dyeing and tanning are the principal native industries. Fair roads are in process of construction through the province. Trade is increasing and cash currency has been introduced.
- In 1906 a rising attributed to religious fanaticism occurred near Sokoto in which unfortunately three white officers lost their lives. The emir heartily repudiated the leader of the rising, who claimed to be a Mahdi inspired to drive the white man out of the country. A British force marched against the rebels, who were overthrown with great loss in March 1906. The leader was condemned to death in the emir's court and executed in the market place of Sokoto, and the incident was chiefly interesting for the display of loyalty to the British administration which it evoked on all sides from the native rulers.
In 1967, not long after Nigerian independence from the British, the region became known as the Northwestern State. This territory was, in 1976, split into Sokoto State and Niger State. Later on, Kebbi State (1991) and Zamfara State (1996) split off from Sokoto State.
Sokoto State is in the dry Sahel, surrounded by sandy savannah and isolated hills.
With an annual average temperature of 28.3 °C (82.9 °F), Sokoto is, on the whole, a very hot area. However, maximum daytime temperatures are for most of the year generally under 40 °C (104.0 °F) and the dryness makes the heat bearable. The warmest months are February to April when daytime temperatures can exceed 45 °C (113.0 °F). The rainy season is from June to October during which showers are a daily occurrence. The showers rarely last long and are a far cry from the regular torrential rain known in wet tropical regions. From late October to February, during the cold season, the climate is dominated by the Harmattan wind blowing Sahara dust over the land. The dust dims the sunlight thereby lowering temperatures significantly and also leading to the inconvenience of dust everywhere in houses.
The region's lifeline for growing crops is the floodplains of the Sokoto-Rima river system (see Sokoto River), which are covered with rich alluvial soil. For the rest, the general dryness of the region allows for few crops, millet perhaps being the most abundant, complemented by rice, corn, other cereals and beans. Apart from tomatoes few vegetables grow in the region. The low variety of foodstuffs available has resulted in the relatively dull local cuisine.
Cities and villages of Sokoto State
Local Government Areas
The 23 Local Government Areas of Sokoto are:
- Nigeria [map]. Collins Bartholomew Ltd. 2005. Published by Spectrum books Ltd.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
States of Nigeria
Abia · Abuja Federal Capital Territory · Adamawa · Akwa Ibom · Anambra · Bauchi · Bayelsa · Benue · Borno · Cross River · Delta · Ebonyi · Edo · Ekiti · Enugu · Gombe · Imo · Jigawa · Kaduna · Kano · Katsina · Kebbi · Kogi · Kwara · Lagos · Nasarawa · Niger · Ogun · Ondo · Osun · Oyo · Plateau · Rivers · Sokoto · Taraba · Yobe · ZamfaraUsman Faruk • Umaru Mohammed • Gado Nasko • Shehu Kangiwa • Garba Nadama • Garba Duba • Garba Mohammed • Ahmed Muhammad Daku • Bashir Salihi Magashi • Yahaya Abdulkarim • Yakubu Mu'azu • Rasheed Adisa Raji • Rufai Garba • Attahiru Bafarawa • Aliyu Magatakarda Wamakko • Abdullahi Balarabe Salame • Aliyu Magatakarda Wamakko
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Christianity in Sokoto State — Christianity is a minority in Nigerian Sokoto State, where Sharia is valid. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Sokoto has some 44,000 Catholics.  Sokoto State is an area of Nigerian sectarian violence and persecution of Christians.   The… … Wikipedia
List of Governors of Sokoto State — This is a list of Sokoto State leaders:ee also*Nigeria *States of Nigeria *List of Nigerian state governors … Wikipedia
List of cities and towns in Sokoto State — Below is a list of other populated places in Sokoto State, Nigeria. It is not complete but includes the most populated cities, towns and villages.*Arbakwe *Makwa *Gwazange *Satuka *Boto *Kiso *Kolfa *Kiwo Allah*Kafin Chana *Kafin Sarki *Udan… … Wikipedia
Sokoto — Infobox Settlement official name =Sokoto other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = motto = imagesize = 300px image caption = Sokoto market 2006 flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size = image blank emblem = blank… … Wikipedia
Sokoto — /soh koh toh , soh koh toh , seuh koh toh/, n. 1. a state in NW Nigeria; formerly a sultanate and province; empire in the 19th century. 4,500,000; 57,560 sq. mi. (149,066 sq. km). 2. a city in and the capital of this state. 104,160. * * * City… … Universalium
Sokoto River — The Sokoto River (formerly known as Gublin Kebbi) is a river in north west Nigeria and a tributary of the River Niger. The river s source is near Funtua in the south of Katsina State, some 275 km in straight line from Sokoto. It flows north west… … Wikipedia
Sokoto (estado) — Ubicación del Estado de Sokoto en el mapa nigeriano. El Estado de Sokoto es uno de 36 estados en los que se divide la República Federal de Nigeria. Contenido 1 Superficie y límites 2 … Wikipedia Español
Sokoto Caliphate — The Sokoto Caliphate is an Islamic spiritual community in Nigeria, led by the Sultan of Sokoto, Sa’adu Abubakar. Founded during the Fulani Jihad in the early 1800s, it was one of the most powerful empires in sub Saharan Africa prior to European… … Wikipedia
Sokoto Grand Vizier — The Wazirin Sakkwato , or Sokoto Grand Vizier , was the Grand Vizier to the Sultan of Sokoto (also incorrectly called Caliph) of the Fulani Empire, in fact rather suzerain of the Fulani Jihad states.List of Grand Viziers*Gidago dan Laima (1817… … Wikipedia
Sokoto — Original name in latin Sokoto Name in other language SKO, Socoto, Sokoto, Сокото State code NG Continent/City Africa/Lagos longitude 13.06092 latitude 5.23902 altitude 293 Population 563861 Date 2012 01 18 … Cities with a population over 1000 database