name = John Epps
caption = Dr John Epps
birth_date = 1805
death_date = death date|1869|02|10
death_cause = 'attack of paralysis, aggravated by acute asthma, from cold'
Kensal Green Cemetery
nationality = British
ethnicity = English
citizenship = Britain
known_for = Homeopathic physician, political activist and religious dissident
education = Protestant Dissenters' Grammar School; medical apprenticeship; degree at Edinburgh
occupation = Phrenologic and homeopathic practitioner; lecturer
title = Dr
parents = John Epps
Dr John Epps (1805-1869) was best known as a 'homoeopathic physician', although his influence was wider reaching being involved, as he was, in 'the advancement of commercial, political or religious freedom'.cite book | last = Bradford | first = Thomas Lindsley | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = The Pioneers of Homeopathy | publisher = Boericke Tafel | date = 1897 | location = Philadelphia | pages = 239-251 | url = http://www.homeoint.org/seror/biograph/epps.htm]
Early years and education
Epps, the eldest son of John Epps (see
Epps family), was born into a Calvinistcite book | last = Eyre | first = Alan | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = The Protesters | publisher = Christadelphian Magazine & Publishing Association Ltd | date = 1975 | location = Birmingham | pages = 163-165 | url = http://www.antipas.org/books/protesters/prot_toc.html | doi = | id = | isbn = 978-0851890876 ] family in Sevenoaks, Kentin 1805.
He became disillusioned with the religious atmosphere he found himself in and, after being educated at the Protestant Dissenters'
Grammar School, Mill Hill(near Hendon), and, at 15, serving an apprenticeshipto a apothecaryof the name of Dury, he relocating in 1824, at the age of 18, to Edinburghto study medicine. While in Edinburgh he embraced the views on phrenologyof Franz Joseph Galland Johann Spurzheimand became friends with Scotphrenologists George and Andrew Combe. In 1827 Epps graduated with his degree at the age of 21. He saw medicine as 'a tool of liberation for the poor and lower classes'.cite web | last = Morrell | first = Peter | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = British Homeopathy during two centuries | work = | publisher = | date = 2000 | url = http://www.homeoint.org/morrell/british/epps.htm | format = | doi = | accessdate = 2008-07-12]
Middle years onwards
Immediately after graduating he moved back to
London(eventually settling in Great Russell Street) where he began to practice (it is recorded that he was 'much liked by, and inspired great confidence in his patients') and also to lecture(initially at Aldersgate School of Medicine, and afterward at Westminster) on 'chemistry, botany, and materia medica' at the Hunterian School of Medicine. [cite web | last = | first = | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = Hunterian School of Medicine | work = | publisher = Department of Epidemiology, University of Los Angeles | date = | url = http://www.ph.ucla.edu/epi/snow/hunterian.html | format = | doi = | accessdate = 2008-07-13] Here he published "An Introduction to Botany", which was intended as a textbookfor his students, and two books on phrenology called "Evidences of Christianity Deduced from Phrenology" [cite book | last = Epps | first = John | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = Evidences of Christianity Deduced from Phrenology | publisher = J. Anderson | date = 1827 | location = | pages = | url = http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=TnsAAAAAMAAJ&printsec=titlepage&source | doi = | id = | isbn = ] and "Horae Phrenologicae". [cite book | last = Epps | first = John | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = Horae Phrenologicae | publisher = | date = 1829 | location = | pages = | url = http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=O98NAAAAYAAJ&printsec=titlepage&source | doi = | id = | isbn = ]
Throughout his adult life he lectured publically and extensively, particularly on phrenology and homoeopathy, both in London and in other large towns; when his health failed he continued to lecture in his own home. Epps was drawn to homoeopathy in about 1837 after reading the works of Dr Paul Francis Curie (his greatest influence in homoeopathy, apart from Curie, was
Samuel Hahnemannand his work " The Organon of the Healing Art"), and his first essayon homoeopathy appeared the following year.
In line with his political views (see "Political involvement" below), Dr Epps had a 'very large homoeopathic practice, "especially among the lower middle and lower classes of society" ', although he also had medical involvement with more well known people, such as Charlotte and
Emily Brontë. [cite journal | last = Lock | first = Ann | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = Frank Williams - Names and Family History | journal = The Australian Brontë Association News Letter | volume = | issue = 18 | pages = 6 | publisher = ABA | location = | date = 2006-12 | url = http://www.ics.mq.edu.au/~chris/bronte/news18.pdf | doi = | id = | accessdate =2008-07-12 ] [cite book | last = Harrison| first = David W | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = The Brontes of Haworth: Yorkshire's Literary Giants | publisher = Trafford Publishing | date = 2006 | location = | pages = 269 | url = | doi = | id = | isbn = 1412249597 ]
Dr Epps was a frequent contributor to "
The Lancet" until he adopted homoeopathy. In 1843 "The Lancet" refused to publish reports of homoeopathic treatment; Dr Epps took these rejected articles and published them in a pamphlet entitled "Rejected Cases", which also contained a vigorous letter to the editor of the Lancet (his friend, T. Wakley).
Epps was also involved in a number of other
journals: He was for some time co-editor of the "London Medical and Surgical Journal", and for a long period conducted the "Christian Physician and Anthropological Magazine" (1836-9), and "The Journal of Health and Disease". He established a journal, "Notes of a New Truth", for the propagation to nonprofessionals of the "new school" of homoeopathy, to which he contributed up to the time of his decease.
As with "Notes of a New Truth", the majority of Epps' lectures were directed at nonprofessionals; however, he also lectured to medical professionals and was lecturer on materia medica at the Homoeopathic Hospital, Hanover Square (c. 1861). [cite book | last = Lee | first = Sidney | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = Dictionary of national biography: index and epitome | publisher = Smith, Elder | date = 1903 | location = London | pages = | url = http://www.archive.org/details/dictionaryofnati00leesuoft | doi = | id = | isbn = ]
On the 31st of January 1869 Epps was 'attacked with paralysis' and, after a further 'attack of paralysis, aggravated by acute asthma, from cold' he died, at the age of 64, on February 12th. He was interred at
Kensal Green Cemetery, February 10th, 1869, in the presence of a large number of political, medicaland personal friends. [cite web | last = | first = | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = Notable personalities at Kensal Green Cemetery | work = | publisher = The Friends of Kensal Green Cemetery | date = 2006 | url = http://www.kensalgreen.co.uk/documents/KG_notables.html | format = | doi = | accessdate = 2008-07-13]
John Epps Sr was a involved in radical politics and his son followed in his footsteps. Dr Epps was a Liberal and subjects like slavery were dear to him from an early date. He wrote in his
diary' [I have] come to consider all creatures as being equally important in the scale of creation as myself; to regard the poor Indian slave as my brother'. He was involved in procuring the repeal of the Test Acts(1829) and, along with Francis Place, W. J. Fox, Francis Burdettand others, with the passing the Reform Bill of 1832. His campaigning for social justicealso lead him to become a Chartist [cite web | last = | first = | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = Where are they now? Last resting places of the Chartists | work = | publisher = chartist.net | date = | url = http://www.chartists.net/Where-are-they-now.htm | format = | doi = | accessdate = 2008-07-13] (in 1847 he stood for parliament with Chartist backing),] [cite web | last = | first = | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = John Epps (1805 - 1869) | work = | publisher = findagrave.com | date = | url = http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=Epps&GSfn=John&GSby=1805&GSbyrel=in&GSdy=1869&GSdyrel=in&GScntry=5&GSob=c&GRid=6871916& | format = | doi = | accessdate = 2008-07-13] an active member of the Anti-Corn Law Leagueand joined organizations in favor of the Polish, Italian, Hungarian, and American nationalities.
It is evident from his extensive lecturing on phrenology and homoeopathy that Epps enjoyed giving public addresses, and the "British Journal of Homoeopathy" remarks that he was 'as keenly fond of making a speech denouncing tyrants anywhere in the world as of giving a lecture on phrenology or Homoeopathy'.
These frequent public appearances, and the active part Dr. Epps took against '
Church Rates [tax] , war, despots, corn laws, and other old institutions', brought him into contact with many noted individuals, such as Joseph Hume, Lady Byron, George Wilson (president of the Anti-Corn Law League), Giuseppe Mazzini, Thomas Slingsby Duncombe, James Stansfeld, Lajos Kossuth, and Robert Owen.
From an early age he declared himself an enemy to church establishments and a paid ministry, which can be seen in some of the parlimentary
reforms he pushed for. Epps strongly opposed church rates. He denounced the larger Protestantchurches as being the "harlot daughters of Rome [i.e. the Roman Catholic Church] ".
While in Edinburgh he joined the
NonconformistScotch Baptists who had no fixed minister, but those who were moved spoke. In this environment, at the age of 19, Epps became a preacher. However, when he returned to London he left the Scotch Baptists because there the sect was run more like the church systems he rejected. After this, regularly and for many years, he began preaching to mechanics at Dock Head Church.
Not only did Epps reject the orthodox church establisments, but he also rejected a number of the mainstream Christian doctrines. He rejected the doctrine of the immortal
soul, emphasising instead resurrection as the escape from death. In this vain, the second comingof Christis also emphasised. Hell is the grave, he taught, not the place of torment of mainstream Christianity. He also rejected the Trinity, stating that Jesusis the Sonof God, a humanby nature. He also spoke out against the glorification of war-heroes: "the honour of the British flag is a specious phrase which blinds men's eyes to right and wrong", he said.
The most infamous of Epps' unorthodox views regards the
devil. According to Epps, references in the Bibleto the devil and satanare, in the main, to be understood as personifications of the lustful principle in man. In 1842 he anonymously published a work on this subject entitled "The Devil: a Biblical exposition of the truth concerning that old serpent, the devil and Satan and a refutation of the beliefs obtaining in the world regarding sin and its source". [cite book | last = Epps | first = John | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = The Devil: a Biblical exposition of the truth concerning that old serpent, the devil and Satan and a refutation of the beliefs obtaining in the world regarding sin and its source | publisher = Sherwood & Co. | date = 1942 | location = London | pages = | url = http://christadelphianarticles.googlepages.com/eppsdevil.pdf | doi = | id = | isbn = ] The publication brought considerable opposition and, according to historianAlan Eyre, 'a lecture given shortly afterward to the Tooting Institution at the Mitre Inn in ... London ... caused serious offence and led to widespread ostracism and hostility'. Similarity, a few years priod to this he delivered a series of lectures at the Dock Head Church to demonstrate that the devil is not a personal being and 'this bold assertion drew upon him a world of abuse, and some patients declined to be treated by one holding such heterodox views'.
faithstayed with him throughout his life; it is recorded that 'with his last breath he expressed his humble, yet confident faith in the power, wisdom, and goodness of the Great Father of all spirits'.
* "A New Way of Teaching English Grammar"
* "An Introduction to Botany"
* "Evidences of Christianity Deduced from Phrenology"
* "Horae Phrenologicae"
* "The Life of John Walker, M.D." (1831; available [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=9HOKF91dJF4C&printsec=titlepage&source=gbs_summary_r&cad=0 online] )
* "What is Homoeopathy?"
* "Homoeopathy and its Principles Explained" (1841; available [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=HdQEAAAAYAAJ&printsec=toc&source=#PPR1,M1 online] )
* "The Devil: a Biblical exposition of the truth concerning that old serpent, the devil and Satan and a refutation of the beliefs obtaining in the world regarding sin and its source" (1842)
* "Notes of a New Truth" (journal;
* "Rejected Cases"
* "Homeopathic Domestic Physician" (1852-5)
* "Constipation its Theory & Cure" (1854)
John Epps, "The Devil: Exposed" (1842): available to download in [http://www.adelphosweb.com/web_docs_view.php?category_id=390&doc_id=4061 PDF] or [http://www.thechristadelphians.org/btcd/downloads/zip/The_Devil_-_Mr_John_Epps.zip ZIP] format.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Epps — ist der Name folgender Personen: Earl Epps, US amerikanischer Rockabilly Musiker John Epps (1805−1869), Mediziner Mike Epps (* 1970), US amerikanischer Schauspieler und Comedian Omar Epps (* 1973), US amerikanischer Schauspieler Shareeka Epps (*… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Epps family — The Epps family was an English family, well known in commerce and medicine. In the second half of the 18th century they had been settled near Ashford, Kent, for some generations, claiming descent from an equerry of Charles II, but were reduced in … Wikipedia
John Dewey High School — is a public school in Brooklyn, New York City, New York, founded and based on the educational principles of John Dewey. It opened in the Fall of 1969 and is located at 50 Avenue X at the Gravesend/Bensonhurst Bath Beach border of Brooklyn. The… … Wikipedia
John B. Nixon — John B. Nixon, Sr. (April 1, 1928 ndash; December 14, 2005) was a convicted murderer. He was convicted of the January 22, 1985 murder for hire of Virginia Tucker in Rankin County. Born in Midnight, Mississippi, he was executed in 2005 by the U.S … Wikipedia
Epps — This interesting surname, of Anglo Saxon origin, is either a topographical name for someone who lived near an aspen tree, or a nickname for a timorous person, deriving from the Middle English apse (Olde English oeps , oespe ), meaning aspen .… … Surnames reference
Omar Epps — L.A. Confidential/Belvedere/Water Club/Sapporo Emmy Party, September 20, 2008 Born Omar Hashim Epps July 20, 1973 ( … Wikipedia
William H. Van Epps House — Infobox nrhp name = William H. Van Epps House nrhp type = caption = lat degrees = lat minutes = lat seconds = lat direction = long degrees = long minutes = long seconds = long direction = location = Dixon, Lee County, Illinois, USA nearest city … Wikipedia
Garrett Epps — (born in 1950 in Richmond, Virginia) is an award winning legal scholar, novelist, and journalist. He currently is the Orlando J. and Marian H. Hollis Professor of Law at the University of Oregon. Epps has written two novels, including The Shad… … Wikipedia
Mike Epps — est un humoriste et acteur de cinéma américain, né le 18 novembre 1970 à Indianapolis (Indiana). Il est le cousin de l acteur Omar Epps, qui joue notamment dans la série Dr House. Sommaire 1 Filmographie 1.1 Cinéma … Wikipédia en Français
Duets (Elton John album) — Duets Studio album by Elton John Released 30 November 1993 Length 74:39 … Wikipedia