Underwater sports include a range of sports, mostly involving the use of fins and often including some element of
breath-hold, snorkellingor scuba. The governance of these sports involves some controversies.
Some sports here are related to some events in sports
Underwater sports are typically considered to include:
*Sub-aqua diving (also known as
Underwater hockey(more commonly known as Octopush)
Underwater target shooting
Underwater ice hockey
Underwater football(here the football refers to American Footballnot Association Footballor any other variant)
The first nine sports listed above are governed by the
Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques( CMAS). Freediving is also governed by AIDA International. Sub-aqua diving has various other international agencies controlling it, including the Professional Association of Diving Instructorsand the British Sub-Aqua Club, amongst others.
Finswimming is the only sport in this group included within the family of sports regulated by the
International Olympic Committee.
Several controversies have arisen with regard to underwater sports.
There is a debate over whether
scubaand underwater photographycan be considered as sports. Additionally, several of these sports have alternative world governing bodies. Freediving is also governed by [AIDA International] . There was an attempt to form a breakaway group in Underwater Hockey, which resulted in nearly all of the significant teams not being present at the 2007 World Aquatic Games, in Barri, Italy.
European Commissionhas, allegedly, asked the European Parliamentto consider banning commercial spearfishing Fact|date=August 2008. Spearfishing has invoked controversy on several occasions, including a ban by the British Sub-Aqua Clubwhen Fact|date=August 2008.
There has always been a debate on funding. In the English speaking world, the only sport that has a significant following (other than
Scuba) is Underwater Hockey. However, the more widely spread and more popular sport of finswimmingis the only sport that is an International Olympic Committeesport. This has led to issues in funding and governance relationships in some National Governing Bodies.
United Kingdom, the original governing body for underwater sports was the British Sub-Aqua Club. However, in 1997, the Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiquesexpelled the British Sub-Aqua Clubfor several reasons [Busuttili, M (1998). So long, CMAS, it's sad to say goodbye. "Diver", May 1998.] . This expulsion led to British underwater sports-people not being able to compete on an international stage. As a result the British Underwater Sports Associationwas formed to allow for international participation, which is registered with the Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. However, UK Sport(the governmental sports agency in the United Kingdom) has not accepted this change in governance. This has caused some issues with regards to funding and governance control within the United Kingdom.
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