Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg
Rabbi Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg
Rabbi Scheinberg at a brit milah in 2004.
Position Rosh yeshiva Yeshiva Torah Ore Began 1960 Personal details Birth name Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg Born 1910
Nationality American Denomination Haredi Residence Jerusalem, Israel Parents Yaakov Yitzchak Scheinberg and Yuspa (Yosefa) Tumback Spouse Bessie (Basha) Herman Children Fruma Rochel
Alma mater RIETS
Mir yeshiva (Belarus)
Semicha RIETS - Rabbi Boruch Ber Leibowitz
Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg (Hebrew: חיים פנחס שיינברג) (born 1910) is a Polish-born, American-raised Haredi rabbi and rosh yeshiva who, since 1965, makes his home in the Kiryat Mattersdorf neighborhood of Jerusalem, Israel. He is the rosh yeshiva of the Torah Ore yeshiva in Kiryat Mattersdorf and Yeshivas Derech Chaim in Brooklyn. He is a posek (decisor of Jewish law), considered by many to be a Gadol HaDor, and is often consulted on a range of communal and personal halachic issues. He is one of the morei d'asra (rabbinic leaders) of Kiryat Mattersdorf, together with Rabbi Yisroel Gans and Rabbi Yitzchok Yechiel Ehrenfeld. He is also a member of the Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah of Israel.
Scheinberg was born in 1910 in Ostrov, Poland, the second son of Rabbi Yaakov Yitzchok Scheinberg and Yuspa (Yosefa) Tamback. He was born in his father's absence, as earlier that year, his father had left his wife and firstborn son Avraham Nosson to go to America to avoid conscription into the Polish army. Though he planned to work and send money back home, his father was fired from job after job because he refused to work on Shabbat. Soon he did not have enough money to rent a room, and spent months sleeping on New York City's East River Drive with a pillow, a blanket, and an umbrella. Meanwhile, his mother, who had moved in with her parents, also struggled to make ends meet, milking cows at dawn for Polish farmers. With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the family lost contact. By 1919, the family patriarch had saved enough money to open his own tailor shop and brought his wife and children to America.
At age 9 the younger Scheinberg moved with his family into a small apartment on the Lower East Side, where his mother gave birth to twins, Shmuel and Chana Baila. After briefly attending public school, Scheinberg enrolled in the Rabbi Jacob Joseph School (RJJ), where he studied until age 14. At that time, Rabbi Yaakov Yosef Herman, who influenced promising young Jewish men in New York City to advance in their Torah learning, encouraged him to transfer to Rabbi Yehuda Levenberg's Beis Medrash LeRabbonim yeshiva in New Haven, Connecticut, where no secular subjects were taught. Herman also decided that the youth would make a good husband for his third daughter, Bessie, who was then only 12 years old. By the time Scheinberg left the yeshiva at the age of sixteen and a half, he was regarded as a masmid (diligent student) and had made a siyum on Shas.
At age 17 Scheinberg progressed to Yeshiva University's Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary. There he learned under Rabbis Shlomo Polachek (known as the "Meitcheter Ilui"), Moshe Soloveichik, and Shimon Shkop. His learning partners included Rabbis Avigdor Miller, Moshe Bick, Mordechai Gifter, and Nosson Meir Wachtfogel, future leaders of American Torah Jewry.
When Scheinberg was 19, Herman suggested the match with his 17-year-old daughter and the Scheinbergs agreed. Rabbi Boruch Ber Leibowitz, who was a guest at the Herman home at that time, wrote out the tenaim (engagement contract). At his mother's suggestion, Scheinberg studied for semichah (rabbinic ordination) in the months before his wedding. He was ordained by Rabbi Moshe Soloveitchik, Rabbi Dr. Bernard Revel, and other rabbis of the yeshiva before his chuppah.
With the encouragement of his father-in-law, Scheinberg and his new wife spent their first five years of marriage in the town of Mir, Belarus (then Poland). They lived next-door to the yeshiva, where Scheinberg immersed himself in learning while his wife coped with the impoverished lifestyle. There was no running water, the only source of heat was an oven in the center of their apartment, and the unpaved streets were always muddy. Bessie, however, encouraged her husband to grow in learning, and he developed a reputation as one of the yeshiva's biggest masmidim (diligent students).
Theirs was one of the few families in Mir; most of the student body was unmarried. Rabbi Scheinberg was also one of the few American students at the Mir. Herman had already sent his son, Nochum Dovid, and his wife to Mir right after their marriage, and a few years later, he sent his daughter Ruchoma and her new husband, Moshe Shain, as well. Scheinberg's younger brother, Shmuel, came to learn at Mir at the age of 14; he managed to escape on one of the last ships leaving Europe before World War II broke out.
The Scheinbergs' first two daughters, Fruma Rochel and Rivka, were born in Poland. When they were expecting their first child, Scheinberg and his wife visited Rabbi Yisrael Meir Kagan (the Chofetz Chaim), a leader of Ashkenazi Jewry at the time, to receive his blessing. When Scheinberg asked the Chofetz Chaim for an additional blessing since he had come all the way from America to study at the Mir, the Chofetz Chaim quipped, "Moshe Rabbeinu came down all the way from heaven to teach the Yidden Torah. What’s the big deal about coming from America to Europe?!” Then he blessed them.
In 1935 the Scheinbergs returned to America because his American citizenship would have expired after more than five years abroad. Soon after his return, Scheinberg was offered the position of mashgiach ruchani of the Yeshiva Chofetz Chaim in Queens founded by Rabbi Dovid Leibowitz. He served in that position for 25 years, until leaving to open his own yeshiva, Torah Ore. Scheinberg was known for the warm and caring relationship he developed with his students, and for the chesed he and his wife did for neighbors and visitors in their small apartment. Often their daughters slept two to a bed to make room for unexpected guests. During this time, RScheinberg also became the Rav of Congregation Bakash Shalom Anshei Ostrov on the Lower East Side, where he gave shiurim (classes) to working men.
The Scheinbergs had two more daughters, Chana and Zelda, and a son, Simcha, in New York. They also raised Rivky Kaufman, one of the seven orphans of Bessie's sister Freida, after the latter's sudden death in 1938.
With the help and encouragement of his brother, Rabbi Shmuel Scheinberg, and his son-in-law, Rabbi Chaim Dov Altusky (Fruma Rochel's husband), Scheinberg opened the Torah Ore yeshiva in the Bensonhurst section of Brooklyn in 1960. The yeshiva opened with six students and grew steadily, enrolling many local Sephardi boys who were attracted by Scheinberg's Torah knowledge and warmth. The Scheinbergs treated their students as their own children, raising money to marry them off and even pay their dentist bills.
Move to Israel
In 1963 Bessie's sister Ruchoma visited their father in Israel and toured a planned Haredi housing development in northern Jerusalem called Kiryat Mattersdorf, which was being developed by Rabbi Shmuel Ehrenfeld, the Mattersdorfer Rebbe, who was Ruchoma's neighbor in New York. Upon her return, she told Bessie about her desire to buy an apartment there, and Bessie also expressed interest in buying an apartment. Though Scheinberg was skeptical about relocating his family and his American yeshiva to Israel, he made a pilot trip to tour the development and decided that it could work.
The Scheinbergs, their daughter Fruma Rochel and her family, their son Simcha and his family, and over 20 of Scheinberg's students moved into their new homes in May 1965. Rabbi Asa Wittow, a married student who had learned under Scheinberg since 1960 and who also served as his driver in New York, made aliyah with him and moved into the same apartment building. He has served as Scheinberg's driver ever since.
Scheinberg first established the Torah Ore yeshiva in the Diskin Orphanage building in the Givat Shaul neighborhood. Two years later, the Six-Day War broke out, and many American tourists headed home. Scheinberg encouraged his students to stay, and none of the American students at Torah Ore left the yeshiva. During the war, Scheinberg showed his complete devotion to his students, giving them encouragement and sleeping together with them in the bomb shelter.
After the war, Scheinberg undertook plans to build a permanent home for his yeshiva. Torah Ore moved into its present building in Kiryat Mattersdorf in 1971. As of 2011, the yeshiva enrolls nearly 800 students, including over 500 kollel students.
Bessie was a key partner in her husband's work, supporting him and his students and opening her home to the many people who sought her husband's counsel. They even installed a telephone in their bedroom so callers could reach him at any hour. On Simchat Torah, when hundreds of singing and dancing students escorted Scheinberg home from the yeshiva after services, she would look on from their fifth-floor apartment. When he came upstairs, he would say to her, "Did you see that? Did you see all those students singing and dancing? That was all because of you. It's all yours, Basha". Similarly, when she came into the yeshiva, he would give up his seat for her, saying, "Basha, this seat belongs to you".
Scheinberg became a central address for Americans in Israel seeking guidance for raising children, finding a neighborhood to live in, shidduchim, and medical issues, as well as regular halachic questions. His approbation is sought for many Hebrew- and English-language halacha books for adults and children. The English sefer Rigshei Lev: Women and tefillah – perspectives, laws and customs cites his halachic opinions extensively. In 2000, his neighborhood lectures to English-speaking women were compiled in a book by ArtScroll.
Bessie, who had been in ill health for years, died on 21 October 2009 at the age of 96. They had been married for 79 years.
Despite his advanced age, Scheinberg continues to fly abroad to fund-raise for his yeshiva. He always takes the Talmudic tractate of Niddah with him and tries to learn all 72 dapim (folio-pages) during the flight. He is known for never wasting a minute, using the time he spends walking or driving to yeshiva immersed in Torah study. According to his driver, Rabbi Wittow, he always sits with a sefer in front of him, even at a wedding, and props a Mishnah Berurah on the shelf above his kitchen sink while he washes dishes.
He is also famous for wearing many layers of tzitzit. In the past he would wear about 150 pairs, but today, due to his fragile health, he wears only about 70 pairs. He has said that he wears them on behalf of people who do not fulfill this mitzvah, but Wittow believes that that is not the main reason.
- Derech Emunah U-Bitachon (The Way of Faith and Trust)
- Tabaas HaChoshen (see here) – a comprehensive, multi-volume explanation of the Ketzot Hachoshen, first published in 1951
- Mishmeres Chaim
- Chiddushei VeShiurei Rav Chaim Pinchas – shiurim and new Torah thoughts on numerous Talmudic tractates
- Netivot Chaim (translated into English as The Torah Way of Life by Jerusalem Publications: Vol. 1: Bereishis (2004), ISBN 0974391190; Vol. 2: Shemos (2005); Vol. 4: Bamidbar (2007).
- Heart to Heart Talks: Rabbi Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg lectures to women. Mesorah Publications. 2000. ISBN 1578195039. http://books.google.com/books?id=DskRAQAAIAAJ&q=chaim+pinchas+scheinberg&dq=chaim+pinchas+scheinberg&hl=en&ei=NR37TceQNciAhQfU2aG2CA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA.
- ^ "Tehillim – Hagon Rav Scheinberg Hospitalized In Manhattan". Yeshiva World News. 3 November 2010. http://www.theyeshivaworld.com/news/Headlines+&+Breaking+Stories/74391/TEHILLIM+-+Hagon+Rav+Scheinberg+Hospitalized+In+Manhattan.html. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Margolis, Nechamie. A Living Sefer Torah: Rabbi Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg, shlita. Hamodia Magazine, 28 April 2011, pp. 13–18. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
- ^ a b c d Levine, Asher. "Celebrating Our Torah Centenarians: A special report about Klal Yisroel's senior Torah giants in honor of Shavuos". ZMAN, Vol. 2, No. 17, June 2011, pp.45–46.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i Zuroff, Avraham. Rabbi Wittow, Behind the Wheel With Harav Scheinberg. Hamodia Magazine, 2 June 2011, pp. 26–27. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
- ^ "Gem Sample Schedule". Aish.com. http://israel.aish.com/gem/Schedule.asp. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
- ^ Alpert, Yair (26 May 2011). "Tefillos for Rav Chaim Pinchos Scheinberg". matzav.com. http://matzav.com/tefillos-for-rav-chaim-pinchos-scheinberg. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
- ^ a b c d Bernstein, Dovid (21 October 2009). "Rebbetzin Basha (Bessie) Scheinberg a”h". matzav.com. http://matzav.com/rebbetzin-basha-scheinberg-ah. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
- ^ a b Shain, Ruchoma (1984). All For The Boss: An affectionate family chronicle of Yaakov Yosef Herman, a Torah pioneer in America. Jerusalem/New York: Feldheim Publishers. pp. 113–114. ISBN 0873063465. http://books.google.com/books?id=F64XAAAAIAAJ&q=all+for+the+boss&dq=all+for+the+boss&hl=en&ei=KiD9TaCDI8r1-gbj67jmAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC4Q6AEwAQ.
- ^ a b Shain, All For The Boss, p. 115.
- ^ a b Freund, Rabbi Tuvia (2010). "'He Was All Torah': The visit that left an impression on American Jewry". Hamodia. http://www.hamodia.com/inthepaper.cfm?ArticleID=441. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
- ^ a b c d e Teitelbaum, C. S. (2009). "Rebbetzin Basha Scheinberg, a”h". Hamodia. http://www.hamodia.com/inthepaper.cfm?ArticleID=401. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
- ^ Shain, All For The Boss, pp. 112–113.
- ^ Shain, All For The Boss, p. 211.
- ^ Shain, All For the Boss, p. 266.
- ^ Shain, All For The Boss, pp. 323–325.
- ^ Shain, All For The Boss, p. 409.
- ^ Adler, Malka; Yakobowicz, Yona T. (2004). "The Miracle Next Door". Targum Press. pp. 175–176. ISBN 1568713282.
- ^ Wikler, Dr. Meir (1997). Einei Hashem: Contemporary stories of Divine Providence in Eretz Yisrael. Feldheim Publishers. pp. 30–31. ISBN 0873068521. http://books.google.com/books?id=trd1dvFzDSEC&pg=PA30&dq=chaim+pinchas+scheinberg&hl=en&ei=2B37TdSvIcGnhAfL9d2nAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CFEQ6AEwBzgK#v=onepage&q=chaim%20pinchas%20scheinberg&f=false.
- ^ Chizkayah, Rabbi Michael (2005). The Halachic Guide to Medical Practice on Shabbos: For physicians, caregivers, and the home. Targum Press. ISBN 1568713592. http://books.google.com/books?id=r99Vsjp7zkIC&pg=PP12&dq=chaim+pinchas+scheinberg&hl=en&ei=shb9TcLoNc-6-AapvfjkAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved=0CDgQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=chaim%20pinchas%20scheinberg&f=false.
- ^ Travis, Rabbi Daniel Yaakov (2006). Shabbos, Tasting Eternity: The mitzvos of enjoying and honoring Shabbos. Hamodia Publishers. p. 5. ISBN 9655551598. http://books.google.com/books?id=zOzYI5TR_foC&pg=PA5&dq=chaim+pinchas+scheinberg&hl=en&ei=vxj9TZXjNIef-waa0unEAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved=0CDsQ6AEwAzgK#v=onepage&q=chaim%20pinchas%20scheinberg&f=false.
- ^ Abramov, Rabbi Yirmiyohu; Abramov, Tehilla (1994). Two Halves of a Whole: Torah guidelines for marriage. Targum Press. ISBN 1568710682. http://books.google.com/books?id=7cGG-EA2k7IC&pg=PA5&dq=chaim+pinchas+scheinberg&hl=en&ei=vxj9TZXjNIef-waa0unEAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAjgK#v=onepage&q=chaim%20pinchas%20scheinberg&f=false.
- ^ Greenwald, Rabbi Ze'ev (2001). You Don't Say: A children's guide to the halachos of speech. Feldheim Publishers. p. 4. ISBN 1583304762. http://books.google.com/books?id=u35qRbKZ6WYC&pg=PT1&dq=chaim+pinchas+scheinberg&hl=en&ei=shb9TcLoNc-6-AapvfjkAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CDMQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=chaim%20pinchas%20scheinberg&f=false.
- ^ Apelbaum, Shiffy (2000). Moshe Mendel the Mitzva Maven and the Wonderful World of Berachos. Feldheim Publishers. ISBN 1583304533. http://books.google.com/books?id=4opl_GamujIC&pg=PP7&dq=chaim+pinchas+scheinberg&hl=en&ei=_Bv9TZHqE8mr-gbl2NDlAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC0Q6AEwATgU#v=onepage&q=chaim%20pinchas%20scheinberg&f=false.
- ^ Nissel, Menachem (2001). "Rigshei Lev: Women and tefillah – perspectives, laws and customs". Targum Press. p. 75. ISBN 1568711565. http://books.google.com/books?id=-1m4Y-HtHrgC&pg=PA75&dq=chaim+pinchas+scheinberg&hl=en&ei=2B37TdSvIcGnhAfL9d2nAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CEEQ6AEwBDgK#v=onepage&q=chaim%20pinchas%20scheinberg&f=false.
- ^ Heart to Heart Talks: Rabbi Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg lectures to women. Mesorah Publications. 2000. ISBN 1578195039. http://books.google.com/books?id=DskRAQAAIAAJ&q=chaim+pinchas+scheinberg&dq=chaim+pinchas+scheinberg&hl=en&ei=NR37TceQNciAhQfU2aG2CA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA.
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