Meldin 7000 is the trademark of a high-performance
polyimide polymermanufactured by Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics ( [http://www.rulon-meldin.com] ).
History of the Meldin product line
Meldin is a family of
polyimidematerials and has been present for many years on the market. For a long time this product family was not able to compete against Vespel which is considered the market standard for high-quality polyimide. Since 2001, the Meldin 7000 product line was added to Saint-Gobain's portfolio. It is now considered as the only viable polyimide able to provide similar performance properties as Vespel has done for many years. Meldin 7000 parts can be manufactured with the same processes as used for Vespel. Also from a molecular standpoint, the material is very similar to Vespel. There are more than 10 ways to polymerize a polyimideand for both Meldin 7000 and Vespel, the highest-quality monomers are used.
Characteristics and applications
This polymer is mostly used in
aerospace, semiconductorand transportationtechnology. It combines extreme heat resistance, lubricity, dimensional thermal stability and chemical resistance for use in hostile and extreme environmental conditions.
Unlike most polymers, it does not produce significant
outgassingeven at high temperatures, which makes it useful for lightweight heat shields and cruciblesupport. It also performs well in ultra-high vacuum applications and extreme cryogenictemperatures. However, polyimidetends to absorb a small amount of moisture.
Although there are polymers superseding polyimide in all of these properties, the combination of them is the main advantage.
A very interesting property makes Meldin 7000 a material of choice in designing high-resolution
NMRprobes for NMR spectroscopy: its volume magnetic susceptibility is a very close match to that of waterat room temperature. For example, in SIunits, volume magnetic susceptibility of water at 20 °C is –9.03×10-6 [cite journal
author = A. Carlsson, G. Starck, M. Ljungberg, S. Ekholm and E. Forssell-Aronsson
title = Accurate and sensitive measurements of magnetic susceptibility using echo planar imaging
year = 2006
journal = Magn. Reson. Imaging
volume = 24
issue = 9
pages = 1179–1185
doi = 10.1016/j.mri.2006.07.005] , whereas volume susceptibility of polyimide at 21.8 °C was measured to be −(9.02±0.25)×10-6 [cite journal
author = P. T. Keyser and S. R. Jefferts
title = Magnetic Susceptibility of Some Materials Used for Apparatus Construction (at 295 K)
year = 1989
journal = Rev. Sci. Instrum.
volume = 60
issue = 8
pages = 2711–2714
doi = 10.1063/1.1140646] . Negative values indicate that both water and polyimide are
diamagnetic. Matching volume magnetic susceptibilities of materials surrounding NMRsample to that of the solventcan reduce susceptibility broadening of magnetic resonance lines.
Processing for manufacturing applications
Meldin 7000 can be processed by Direct-Forming (DF finished parts), Hot Compression Moulding (HCM - sheets and thick-wall rings) and Isostatic Molding (ISO - rods, tubes). For prototype quantities, basic shapes are typically used for cost efficiency since tooling is quite expensive for DF parts. For large scale production, DF parts are often used instead of rods or sheets to reduce per part costs, at the expense of material properties which are somewhat inferior to those of isostatically produced basic shapes.
For different applications, special formulations are blended / compounded. There are five grades of Meldin 7000 produced, each one having its specific application window:;virgin polyimide (Meldin 7001): provides operating temperatures from cryogenic to 315°C (600°F), high plasma resistance, as well as a UL-rating for minimal electrical and thermal conductivity. This is the unfilled base polyimide resin. It also provides high physical strength and maximal elongation, and the best electrical and thermal insulation values.;15%
graphiteby weight (Meldin 7021): added to the base resin for increased wear resistance and reduced frictionin applications such as bearings, thrust washers, bushings, seal rings, slide blocks and other wear applications. This compound has the best mechanical properties of the graphite-filled grades, but lower than the virgin grade.;40% graphite by weight (Meldin 7022): for enhanced wear resistance, slightly higher friction than 15% graphite filled polyimide, improved dimensional stability (low coefficient of thermal expansion), and stability against oxidation.;10% PTFE and 15% graphite by weight: added to the base resin for the lowest coefficient of friction over a wide range of operating conditions. It also has excellent wear resistance up to 260°C (500°F). Typical applications include sliding or linear bearings as well as many wear and friction uses listed above. ;15% moly-filled (molybdenum disulfide solid lubricant): for wear and friction resistance in vacuum and other moisture-free environments where graphite actually becomes abrasive. Typical applications include seals, bushings, bearings, gears, and other wear surfaces in space applications ( satellites), ultra-high vacuum or dry gas applications.
Material properties data
Other polyimide alternatives
Meldin is a family of
polyimide-based materials and has been present for many years on the market. There are really only a few polyimide types that are to be considered of the highest quality and able to operate at temperatures at or above 300°C as well as at cryogenic temperatures. Next to Meldin 7000, these are Vespel from DuPont and Plavis from Daelim.
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meldī- — *meldī , *meldīn germ., schwach. Femininum (n): nhd. Sanftmut, Barmherzigkeit; ne. gentleness, mercy; Rekontruktionsbasis: an., anfrk., ahd.; Hinweis: s. *meldja ; Etymologie: s. ing … Germanisches Wörterbuch