Droichead Uí Mhaoilíosa
Other name(s) Mellowes Bridge Crosses River Liffey Locale Dublin Designer Charles Valency Design Elliptical arch stone bridge Total length 43m Width 10.2m Number of spans 3 Construction end 1764 Preceded by First built 1684 - Arran Bridge
Rebuilt 1764 - Queen's Bridge
Renamed 1923 - Queen Maev Br.
Renamed 1942 - Mellows Bridge
In 1683, a stone bridge called Arran Bridge or Arons Bridge was built in a location between the upstream Bloody Bridge (see Rory O'More Bridge) and the downstream Bridge of Dublin (see Fr. Mathew Bridge). Construction was funded by landowner William Ellis, and Dublin Corporation. It was named after Richard, Earl of Arran, second son of the Duke of Ormonde. From a drawing made by Francis Place in 1699, it appears to have been a four-span stone arched bridge.
It was also known as Bridewell Bridge due to its proximity to the Smithfield Bridewell, and as Ellis's Bridge because of its association with Sir William and Sir John Ellis.
This structure stood for 80 years, but was swept away by a flood in 1763. The collapse was described by George Semple as being an unlucky accident when a raft of timber was swiftly carried downstream in a flood where it got lodged across the middle arch. The water flow increased under the raft at this point, and since the piers of the bridge were built on top of the river bed - This raft of timber obstructing the current of the surface, in like manner increased the power of it at the bottom and within the space of a few hours totally demolished the bridge.
Designed by Charles Valency (a military engineer) a replacement bridge on the same site was built between 1764 and 1768 as a three elliptical arch stone bridge with a total span of 42 m, and named Queens Bridge after Charlotte of Mecklenburg, queen consort of George III.
The bridge was renamed for the legendary Queen Maeve at a meeting of the Municipal Council on 2 January 1922. However, it was renamed again in 1942 to its current name, after Lieutenant General Liam Mellows Irish Republican army who was executed during the Irish Civil War.
At almost 250 years old, Mellow's Bridge remains the oldest of all Dublin city bridges still in use, although the parapets were replaced with cast iron balustrades and stone copings between 1816 and 1818.
As with other bridges on the Liffey in Dublin, and largely because of the many name changes, Mellow's Bridge is known locally by several names, including: Queen's Bridge, Queen's Street Bridge, Queen Maeve Bridge, and Mellowes Bridge (with an "e").
Bridges in Dublin over the Liffey (west to east)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Liam Mellows — (25 May 1895 – 8 December 1922), often spelled Liam Mellowes , was an Irish Nationalist and Sinn Féin politician.CareerMellows was born in Manchester, England to William Mellows, a British Army officer, and Sarah Jordan, of Inch, Co Wexford, [… … Wikipedia
O'Connell Bridge — Droichead Uí Chonaill O Connell Bridge viewed from upstream Other name(s) Carlisle Bridge Crosses … Wikipedia
O'Donovan Rossa Bridge — Droichead Uí Dhonnabháin Rossa O Donovan Rossa Bridge and the Four Courts Crosses River Liffey … Wikipedia
Millennium Bridge (Dublin) — Millennium Bridge Droichead na Mílaoise Carries Pedestrians Crosses River … Wikipedia
Talbot Memorial Bridge — Droichead Cuimhneacháin an Talbóidigh Talbot Memorial Bridge looking downstream Crosses River Liffey … Wikipedia
Liste de ponts d'Irlande — Cet article a pour objet de présenter une liste de ponts remarquables d’Irlande, du fait de leurs caractéristiques dimensionnelles, de leur intérêt architectural ou de leur histoire. Image lien externe Nom Type Longueur (m) Portée ppale (m)… … Wikipédia en Français
River Liffey — Infobox River | river name = River Liffey caption = Boardwalks of Liffey and O Connell Bridge, in Dublin origin = Mt. Kippure , County Wicklow mouth = Irish Sea at Dublin Bay basin countries = Ireland length = 125 km (75 mi) elevation = 500 m… … Wikipedia
Peterborough — This article is about the city in the United Kingdom. For other uses, see Peterborough (disambiguation). Peterborough City and unitary authority … Wikipedia
Timeline of the Irish Civil War — This is a timeline of the Irish Civil War, which took place between June 1922 and May 1923. It followed the Irish War of Independence (1919–1921), and accompanied the establishment of the Irish Free State as an entity independent from the United… … Wikipedia
Chronology of the Irish Civil War — The Irish Civil War, was fought between June 1922 and May 1923. On one side was the National Army of the Irish Free State established by the Anglo Irish Treaty which ended the Irish War of Independence (1919 1921) with Britain. Opponents of the… … Wikipedia