- Will Wright (game designer)
caption=Will Wright speaking at
South by Southwestin 2007
birth_date=birth date and age|1960|1|20
The first computer game Wright designed was "
Raid on Bungeling Bay" in 1984 but it was " SimCity" that brought him to prominence. The game was released by Maxis, a company Wright formed with Jeff Braun, and he built upon the game's theme of computer simulationwith numerous other titles including " SimEarth" and " SimAnt".
Wright's greatest success to date came as the original designer for "
The Sims" games series which, as of 2008, is the best-selling PC game in history. The game spawned multiple sequels and expansions and Wright earned many awards for his work. His latest work, "Spore", was released in September 2008 and features gameplay based upon the model of evolution. The game sold over 1,000,000 copies within three weeks of its release. [ cite web |last=Gibson |first=Ellie |title=Spore sales top 1 million |publisher=Eurogamer |date=2008-09-25 |url=http://www.eurogamer.net/article.php?article_id=244445 |accessdate=2008-10-08 ]
Wright was born in Atlanta, the son of Bill Wright, Sr., and Beverlye Wright Edwards; his father was a graduate of Georgia Tech's engineering school, and was an entrepreneur in the field of plastic packing materials. In the early 1960s, Wright Sr. founded a successful company, which allowed the Wrights to live comfortably in
Atlanta. Beverlye was an amateur musician and actress. Wright was educated at a local Montessori school, where he enjoyed its emphasis on creativity, problem solving, and self-motivation. Wright admitted to having been inspired to create certain elements of "SimCity" from his experiences in the school.
Montessori taught me the joy of discovery… It showed you can become interested in pretty complex theories, like Pythagorean theory, say, by playing with blocks. It’s all about learning on your terms, rather than a teacher explaining stuff to you. SimCity comes right out of Montessori—if you give people this model for building cities, they will abstract from it principles of urban design.cite news|url=http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2006/11/06/061106fa_fact|title= Game Master|last=Seabrook|first=John|date=2006-11-06|accessdate=2007-09-21|work=
The New Yorker]
Wright later described himself as "obsessive" in his pursuits. "I would usually get very obsessed with some subject or area of interest for six months or a year, and just totally learn everything I (could) about it."Yi, Matthew. " [http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2003/11/03/BUGD42O8JT1.DTL&type=business PROFILE: Will Wright: Unsimulated success] ". "
San Francisco Chronicle". November 3, 2003.] As a child, Wright was an avid builder of models, "ships, cars, planes—I loved to do that", he told the "New Yorker" in October 2006. At 10, he built a scale model in balsa wood of the USS Enterprise's flight deck. Wright later found these early experiences to be formative in his vision of game design. "Well, one thing I’ve always really enjoyed is making things. Out of whatever. It started with modeling as a kid, building models… I think when I started doing games I really wanted to carry that to the next step, to the player, so that you give the player a tool so that they can create things. And then you give them some context for that creation."cite news|url= http://www.gamestudies.org/0102/pearce/|title=Sims, BattleBots, Cellular Automata God and Go|last=Pearce|first=Celia|date= 2001-11-05|accessdate=2006-12-18|work=Game Studies] Wright would discuss with his father the possibility of life on other worlds, NASA, and the stars. His ambition was to be an astronaut, and form colonies in space to relieve overpopulation. His father was sympathetic to his ambitions. He was also a fan of Avalon Hill's board games, which he enjoyed particularly for their propensity to descend into a form of rules lawyering.
When Will Jr. was 9, his father died of
leukemia. His mother moved the family to her hometown of Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Wright was enrolled in the local Episcopal High School. He enjoyed it for the chance to debate the faculty. During his time at the school, he became an atheist. Overall, he found the methods of the school inferior to the Montessori, and came off with a bad impression of conventional schooling in general. In 1994, he declared that he had
always been somewhat disillusioned with the educational system. Some people have said it was originally based on the idea that we're training factory workers, so it was very important to teach them to do some repetitive task for eight hours a day. What's going to be really exciting is when this
Nintendogeneration gets a little bit older and starts becoming teachers in schools. I think that's going to make a bigger difference than any kind of educational reform ever will. In the future a lot more learning will happen in the home. Kelly, Kevin. " [http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/2.01/wright.html?topic=&topic_set= Will Wright. The Mayor of Sim City] ". "Wired", 1994]
After graduating at 16 from Episcopal High School, he enrolled in
Louisiana State University, transferring two years later to Louisiana Tech. Beginning with a start at an architecturedegree, followed by mechanical engineering, he fell into computers and robotics. He excelled in subjects he was interested in— architecture, economics, mechanical engineering, and military history—but was held back by his impractical goals. His earlier dream of space colonization remained, and was joined by a love for robotics. After another two years at Louisiana Tech, in the fall of 1980, Wright moved on to The New Schoolin Manhattan. He lived in an apartment over Balducci’s, in Greenwich Village, and spent his spare time searching for spare parts in local electronics surplus stores. After one year at the New School, Wright returned to Baton Rouge without his degree, concluding five years of collegiate study.
During a summer break from college, he met his first wife Joell Jones, an
artistcurrently living in California, on vacation to her hometown of Baton Rouge. In an interview published in February 2003, Will claims that games were absorbing so much of his time, he decided that perhaps making games was the way to go. Wright's first game was the helicopter action game" Raid on Bungeling Bay" (1984) for the Commodore 64.
Wright found that he had more fun creating levels with his
level editorfor "Raid on Bungeling Bay" than he had while actually playing the game. He created a new game that would later evolve into " SimCity", but he had trouble finding a publisher. The structuralist dynamics of the game were in part inspired by the work of two architectural and urban theorists, Christopher Alexanderand Jay Forrester.
I'm interested in the process and strategies for design. The architect Christopher Alexander, in his book "
A Pattern Language" formalized a lot of spatial relationships into a grammar for design. I'd really like to work toward a grammar for complex systems and present someone with tools for designing complex things.
Wright, in an interview with
The Times, expressed belief that computers extend the imagination, and posits the emergence of the "metabrain", stating:
"Any human institutional system that draws on the intelligence of all its members is a metabrain. Up to now, we have had high friction between the neurons of the metabrain; technology is lowering that friction tremendously. Computers are allowing us to aggregate our intelligence in ways that were never possible before. If you look at "Spore", people are making this stuff, and computers collect it, then decide who to send it to. The computer is the broker. What they are really exploring is the collective creativity of millions of people. They are aggregating human intelligence into a system that is more powerful than we thought artificial intelligence was going to be." [cite web| author= Bryan Appleyard | title = Bryan Appleyard tries out Spore and creates his own species | url= http://technology.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/tech_and_web/gadgets_and_gaming/article3541864.ece | work=
The Times|date= 2008-03-16]
In 1986, he met
Jeff Braun, an investor interested in entering the computer game industry, at what Wright calls "the world's most important pizza party." Together they formed Maxisthe next year in Orinda, California. " SimCity" (1989) was a hit and has been credited as one of the most influential computer games ever made. Wright himself has been widely featured in several computer magazines—particularly " PC Gamer", which has listed Wright in its annual 'Game Gods' feature, alongside such notables as Roberta Williamsand Peter Molyneux.
Following on the success of "SimCity", Wright designed "
SimEarth" (1990) and " SimAnt" (1991). He co-designed " SimCity 2000" (1993) with Fred Haslamand in the meantime Maxis produced other "Sim" games. Wright's next game was " SimCopter" (1996). Although none of these games were as successful as "SimCity", they further cemented Wright's reputation as a designer of " software toys"—games that cannot be won or lost. In 1992, Wright and his family moved to Orinda, Californianear the San Pablo Reservoir, off Miner Road.
Maxis went public in 1995 with revenue of USD$38 million. The stock reached $50 a share and then dropped as Maxis posted a loss.
Electronic Artsbought Maxis in June 1997. Wright had been thinking about making a virtual doll houseever since the early 90s, similar to "SimCity" but focused on individual people. Originally conceived of as an architectural design game called "Home Tactics", Wright's idea changed when someone suggested the player should be rated on the quality of life experience by the homeowners. It was a difficult idea to sell to EA, because already 40% of Maxis's employees had been laid off.
EA published "
The Sims" in February 2000 and it became Wright's biggest success yet. It eventually surpassed " Myst" as the best-selling computer game of all time and spawned numerous expansion packs and other games. He designed a massively multiplayerversion of the game called " The Sims Online", which was not as popular as the original.
Wright was given a "Lifetime Achievement Award" at the
Game Developers Choice Awardsin 2001. In 2002, he became the fifth person to be inducted into the Academy of Interactive Arts and Sciences' Hall of Fame. Until 2006, he was the only person to have been honored this way by both of these industry organizations. In 2007 the British Academy of Film and Television Artsawarded him a fellowship, the first given to a game designer. [cite web|url= http://www.gamesindustry.biz/content_page.php?aid=29471|title=Will Wright inducted into BAFTA Fellowship|accessdate=2007-10-23 |work=gamesindustry.biz]
He has been called one of the most important people in gaming, technology, and entertainment by publications such as "
Entertainment Weekly", "Time", " PC Gamer", "Discover" and GameSpy. Wright was also awarded the " PC Magazine" Lifetime Achievement Award in January 2005.
In a presentation at the
Game Developers Conferenceon March 11 2005, he announced his latest game "Spore". [cite web|url= http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=8372603330420559198&q=spore|title= Spore Gameplay Video|accessdate= 2008-06-01|date= 2006-02-21] He used the current work on this game to demonstrate methods that can be used to reduce the amount of content that needs to be created by the game developers. Wright hopes to inspire others to take risks in game creation.
In 1980, along with co-driver and race organizer Rick Doherty, Wright participated in the U.S. Express, a cross-country race that was the successor to The Cannonball Run. Wright and Doherty drove a specially outfitted
Mazda RX-7from Brooklyn, New Yorkto Santa Monica, Californiain 33:39, winning the illegal race. Wright only competed once in the race, which continued until 1983. [ [http://www.wired.com/cars/coolwheels/news/2007/10/will_wright Sims Designer Had the Wright Stuff for Street Racing Way Back When] from "Wired"]
Since 2003, in his spare time, Wright has collected leftovers from the
Soviet space program, "including a 100-pound hatch from a space shuttle, a seat from a Soyuz… control panels from the Mir",cite news| url=http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/videogames/174491_simsguy22.html|title= 'Sims' creator is Livin' Large |last=Kent|first= Stephen L.|date=2001-05-22|accessdate=2006-12-18|work=Seattle Post-Intelligencer] and the control console of the Soyuz 23, as well as dolls, dice, and fossils. During E3 2004 he passed off an old lapel pin commemorating the Soviet space program to a reporter.
I'm uncollecting. I buy collections on ebay, and I disperse them out to people again. I have to be like an
entropicforce to collectors, otherwise all of this stuff will get sorted.
He once built competitive robots for
BattleBotswith his daughter, but no longer does so. As of November 2006, Wright still had remnant bits of machined metal left over from his BattleBots days strewn about the garage of his Oakland home. Wright was a former Robot Wars champion in the Berkeley-based robotics workshop, the Stupid Fun Club. One of Wright's bots, designed with the help of Wright's daughter Cassidy, "Kitty Puff Puff", fought against its opponents by sticking a roll of gauze onto its armature and circling around them, encapsulating them and denying them movement. The technique, "cocooning", was eventually banned.
Following his work in BattleBots, he has taken steps into the field of human-robot interactions.
We build these robots and we take them down to Berkeley and study the interactions that people have with the robots," says Wright. "We built this newer one that has a rapid-fire pingpong cannon. It will fire about 10 per second. So we give people this plastic bat and we say, 'It's set up to play baseball. Do you want to play baseball? It's going to shoot a little ball and you try to hit it.' And all of a sudden it's like da-da-da-da, and it's pelting them with balls.
According to "
The Huffington Post" search engine, Will Wright has donated to many Republican fundraising committees. [ [http://fundrace.huffingtonpost.com/neighbors.php?type=name&lname=wright&fname=will&search=Search Will Wright Campaign Contributions and Donations - Huffington Post] ]
Games designed by Wright
Raid on Bungeling Bay
*"SimCity" series: "
SimCity(1989)", " SimCity 2000(1993)", " SimCity 3000(1999)" (Will Wright was not on the " SimCity 4(2003)" or " SimCity Societies(2007)" design teams)
The Sims" (Wright is credited for, but did not design most of " The Sims 2", and is not designing The Sims 3)
*cite web|url=http://www.gamasutra.com/features/20050520/cifaldi_01.shtml|title=E3 Report: The Path to Creating AAA Games| publisher=
*cite web|url=http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,1759,1744186,00.asp|title=Lifetime Achievement|publisher=
PC Magazine|date= 2004-12-22|accessdate=2007-05-26
*cite web|url=http://www.gamasutra.com/php-bin/news_index.php?story=18935|date=2008-06-09|author=Huck, James|coauthors=Remo, Chris|title=Will Wright - Video Games Close To 'Cambrian Explosion' Of Possibilities|publisher=
*cite web|url=http://www.americancity.org/article.php?id_article=21|archiveurl= http://web.archive.org/web/20041211091031/www.americancity.org/article.php?id_article=21|archivedate=2004-12-11|date=2004-10| author=Lobo, Chris|coauthors=Schooler, Larry|title=Playing With Urban Life: How Simcity Influences Planning Culture| accessdate=2007-05-26
*cite web|url=http://www.shacknews.com/extras/2005/111605_willwright_1.x|title=Will Wright Feature Interview|first=Chris| last=Remo|date=2005-11-16|accessdate=2007-05-26|publisher=
*cite web|url=http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/14.04/wright.html|title=Dream Machines|first=Will|last=Wright|date=2006-04| accessdate=2007-05-26|publisher=Wired
*moby developer|id=4217|name=Will Wright
* [http://www.itconversations.com/shows/detail195.html ITConversations.com SDForum Talk : Lessons from Game Design]
* [http://www.pqhp.com/cmp/gdctv/ Will Wright keynote] at the
Game Developers Conference2005. (View video after registration).
* [http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-262774490184348066 Spore Video on Google Video]
* [http://www.itconversations.com/shows/detail195.html Presentation at SDForum] , Lessons from Game Design
* [http://www.itconversations.com/shows/detail376.html Presentation at Accelerating Change] , Sculpting Possibility Space
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/click_online/4997036.stm BBC Interview] , User-generated future for gaming
* [http://stanford-online.stanford.edu/courses/cs547/030502-cs547-100.asx Stanford Lecture - 2003] , Human-Computer Interaction Seminar
* [http://fora.tv/fora/showthread.php?t=451 Will Wright and Brian Eno talk about "generative" creation] at
The Long Now Foundationin San Francisco, June 26, 2006
* [http://www.videogamesblogger.com/2006/12/05/will-wright-talks-sims-and-spore-on-colbert-report.htm Will Wright on Comedy Central] Will Wright on the Colbert Report talks about Spore, Dec. 5th 2006
* [http://www.ted.com/index.php/talks/view/id/146 Will Wright on TED.com] , talking about Spore and his theory of learning, March 2007
* [http://www.bafta.org/awards/video-games/will-wright-video-games-lecture-in-2007,254,BA.html Will Wright presents the British Academy Video Games Lecture in 2007] ,
BAFTAwebcast, 23 October 2007
NAME = Wright, William
ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
SHORT DESCRIPTION = Computer games designer of the "Sim" series
DATE OF BIRTH =
January 20, 1960
PLACE OF BIRTH =
Atlanta, Georgia, United States
DATE OF DEATH =
PLACE OF DEATH =
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