- Cal Ripken, Jr.
Infobox MLB retired
name=Cal Ripken, Jr.
Shortstop/ Third baseman
birthdate=birth date and age|mf=yes|1960|8|24
Havre de Grace, Maryland
* 19x All-Star selection (1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001)
World Serieschampion (1983)
Gold Glove Awardwinner (1991, 1992)
Silver Slugger Awardwinner (1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1989, 1991, 1993, 1994)
AL MVP(1983, 1991)
AL Rookie of the Year
MLB All-Star Game MVP(1991, 2001)
Roberto Clemente Award
Lou Gehrig Memorial Award
Home Run Derbywinner
* MLB record 2,632 consecutive games played
* MLB record 8,243 consecutive innings played
* Baltimore Orioles #8 retired
hofvote=98.53% (first ballot)
Calvin Edwin Ripken, Jr. (born August 24, 1960 in
Havre de Grace, Maryland), commonly known as Cal or Cal Jr., is a shortstopand third basemanin Major League Baseballwho played his entire career for the Baltimore Oriolesfrom 1981 to 2001. A 19-time MLB All-Star, Ripken is considered one of the best shortstops to ever play the game. At 6' 4" (1.93 m), he pioneered the way for the taller and larger shortstops. [cite news|last=O'Connell|first=Jack|title=Ripken's career more than numbers|url=http://mlb.mlb.com/NASApp/mlb/news/article.jsp?ymd=20061222&content_id=1767080&vkey=news_mlb&fext=.jsp&c_id=mlb|publisher= MLB.com|date=2006-12-28|accessdate=2007-07-30] cite news|last=Fordin |first=Spencer|title=Ripken elected to Hall of Fame|url=http://mlb.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20070108&content_id=1775136&vkey=news_mlb&fext=.jsp&c_id=mlb|publisher=MLB.com|date=2007-01-09|accessdate=2007-07-30] [cite news|first=Dave|last=Buscema|title=A-Rod whines his way out|url=http://archive.recordonline.com/archive/2003/12/17/dbcol17a.htm|publisher= Times Herald-Record|date=2003-12-17|accessdate=2007-07-30] He was raised in Aberdeen, Maryland, by a baseball family. His father, Cal Sr., was a long-time coach in baseball who managed the Orioles in the late 1980s. Ripken attended Aberdeen High School as did his brother Billy, who later played second base for various teams, including the Orioles. He has two other siblings, Elly and Fred. He is married to the former Kelly Geer and has a daughter, Rachel, born in 1989 and a son, Ryan, born in 1993.
Ripken earned the nickname "Iron Man," [cite news|first=Christine|last=Destefano|title=Ripken is baseball's new Ironman|url=http://www.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20020808&content_id=99338&vkey=news_mlb&fext=.jsp&c_id=null|publisher=MLB.com|date=2002-08-08|accessdate=2007-07-30] doggedly remaining in the lineup despite numerous minor injuries. He played in a record 2,632 straight games spanning sixteen seasons, from May 30, 1982 to September 20, 1998. He played his 2,131st consecutive game on September 6, 1995, against the California Angels, breaking the 56-year-old record set by the "Iron Horse"
Lou Gehrig, the legendary New York Yankeesfirst baseman. Ripken hit a home run in game 2,130 and game 2,131, moving fans to the point that his 2,131st consecutive game was named Major League Baseball's "Most Memorable Moment" in MLB history. [cite web|url=http://www.mlb.com/mlb/events/memorable_moments/mlb_memorable_moments.jsp|title=Major League Baseball Memorable Moments|publisher=MLB.com|accessdate=2007-07-30] [cite web|url=http://www.hofmag.com/content/category/35/146/233/|title=Cal in Hall of Fame Magazine|publisher=Hall Of Fame Magazine|accessdate=2007-07-30] Ripken was elected to the Baseball Hall of Famein his first year of eligibility on January 9, 2007. [cite news|work= Associated Press|publisher= ESPN.com|title=McGwire, Gwynn, Ripken headline first-timers on ballot|url=http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/news/story?id=2677322|date=2006-11-28|accessdate=2007-07-30]
Ripken, as a member of the
Rochester Red Wings(the Orioles Triple-A farm club at the time), played in the longest professional baseball game. Ripken started at third base and played all 33 innings against the Pawtucket Red Soxin a game that took parts of three days to complete. [ [http://www.pawsox.com/team/longest_game/ PawSox.com - The Longest Game ] ] He made his big-league debut in a strike year. His consecutive game streak record-breaker, 14 years later, would be seen by many as a bright spot following the devastating 1994 strike. For example, the writeup in the 1996 "Sporting News Baseball Guide", which called it "what almost everyone considered the high point of the major league season." Ripken would eventually win the shortstop job from veteran Mark Belanger, an eight-time Gold Glover.
Ripken split time between short and third base in 1981 and 1982, but he started to achieve prominence right away. Ripken homered in his very first at bat of the first game of the Orioles '82 season against Kansas City. His streak started in May of '82, and he hit 28 home runs that year en route to the American League's Rookie of the Year Award. [cite web|url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/r/ripkeca01.shtml|title=Cal Ripken Statistics|publisher=Baseball-Reference.com|work=
Sports Reference, Inc.|accessdate=2007-07-30]
Ripken took an even bigger step forward in 1983, when he earned the first of his 19 All-Star berths and was named the
American LeagueMVP in 1983, hitting .318 batting average with 27 home runs and 102 RBI. His fielding percentage that year was .970. He would go on to hit at least 20 home runs for an additional eight straight seasons, he hit over 20 home runs in ten consecutive seasons [1982–1991] which was unheard of at the time for a shortstop.
The Orioles defeated the
Chicago White Soxin the ALCS before beating the Philadelphia Phillies4 games to 1 in the 1983 World Series. In the series Cal hit .167 with 0 homers and 1 RBI. [cite web|title=Cal Ripken, Jr. World Series Stats|publisher=The Baseball Almanac|url=http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/playerpost.php?p=ripkeca01&ps=ws|work=Geisler Young|accessdate=2007-07-30] Although an offensive non-factor, he let his glove do the talking with his usual clutch play at shortstop, and made the final out of the series on a Garry Maddoxlineout in Game 5.
1987 was a family affair year for Ripken as his dad,
Cal Ripken, Sr., who was a former player, coach, and scout for the Orioles became manager of the club. That year, he became the first manager to write two of his sons into the lineup card when both Ripken Jr and his brother and fellow Oriole Billy Ripkenplayed in the same game. However, after going 67–95 in 1987 and beginning the 1988 season 0–6, Ripken Sr was fired by the Orioles. On September 22, Cal Sr. decided to take Ripken out of a game (replaced by Ron Washington) in the eighth inning, thus ending Ripken's streak of 8,243 consecutive innings. Cal Sr. ended this streak because he believed it was too much of a distraction to the team.
While Ripken narrowly missed out on a Gold Glove in 1990—when he made just three errors in 162 games, he had career year in 1991. Ripken led the American League with 111 hits and a .348 batting average at the
All-Star Break. He finished the season by hitting .323/.374/.566 over 650 plate appearances, with 34 HR and 114 RBI. In addition to that, Ripken hit 46 doubles, stole a career-high 6 bases and was caught once, and also hit 5 triples, while posting his career lowest strikeout rate and lowest number of strikeouts in a season with 600 or more plate appearances. His 1991 season is the fourth-greatest in baseball history (second among non-pitchers) as measured by WARP3 at 17.0 wins, bested only by Walter Johnson's 1913 (18.1 wins), Babe Ruth's 1932 (18 wins), and Amos Rusie's 1894 season (17.6 wins). [cite web |url=http://www.baseballprospectus.com/article.php?articleid=5777 |title=Prospectus Matchups:The Best Seasons Ever Recorded |accessdate=2008-06-05 |publisher=baseballprospectus.com |date=2006-12-22]
Ripken won his second AL MVP award, the Gold Glove Award, 1991 All Star game MVP award (going 2 for 3 including a 3-run home run off
Dennis Martínez), the GatoradeHome Run Derby contest (hitting a then record 12 home runs in 22 swings, including 7 consecutive homers to start the contest), Louisville Slugger"Silver Slugger Award", AP Player of the Year Award, and The Sporting NewsPlayer of the Year Award. The only other player in MLB history to win all those awards in the same season, excluding the Home Run Derby, was Maury Willsin 1962.
Ripken also became the first player ever to win the Home Run Derby and be named All Star Game MVP in the same year. The only other player that has accomplished this feat is
Garret Andersonof the Anaheim Angels in 2003. He was the first AL MVP in MLB history to win the award while playing with a sub .500 club. The Orioles finished in 6th place that year with a 67–95 record.
At the end of the 1991 season, Memorial Stadium, the Orioles' home since 1954, saw its last MLB game against the
Detroit Tigers. Ripken was the last Oriole to bat at Baltimore's Memorial Stadium, hitting into a double play against Detroit's Frank Tananaon Oct. 6, 1991. [cite news|url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/sports/longterm/memories/cal/ripfacts.htm|title=Facts About Cal Ripken’s Career|date=1995-08-22
Ripken achieved a personal milestone on July 10, 1993, when he collected his 2,000th career hit, during a game at Oriole Park against the
Chicago White Sox. [cite news|author=Mark Maske|title=Valenzuela Stays Hot, Cools White Sox; Orioles Charge to 6-0 Victory as Ripken Gets 2,000th Hit and Hoiles Homers Again|date=1993-07-11|publisher=" The Washington Post"|url=http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P2-955175.html|accessdate=2008-06-19 ] This came on the Saturday of "All-Star Weekend", just prior to the All-Star Game played at Camden Yards on July 13.
On September 6, 1995, many baseball fans within and out of the United States tuned in to cable TV network
ESPNto watch Ripken surpass Lou Gehrig's 56-year-old record for consecutive games played (2,130 games). The game, between the Orioles and the California Angels, still ranks as one of the network's most watched baseball games. Cal's children, Rachel and Ryan, threw out the ceremonial first balls. Both President Bill Clintonand Vice-President Al Gorewere at the game. President Clinton was in the WBAL local radio broadcast booth when Ripken hit a home run[ [http://www.orioles-tickets.com/toptenthings.html Top Ten Things to Do at Oriole Park at Camden Yards] by Orioles Tickets, 2005. Retrieved December 14, 2006.] in the fourth inning, and called the home run over the air. When the game became official after the Angels' half of the fifth inning, the numerical banners that displayed Ripken's streak on the wall of the |accessdate=2007-07-30] Everyone attending (including the opposing Angels and all four umpires) erupted with a standing ovation lasting more than 22 minutes, one of the longest standing ovations for any athlete; ESPN did not go to a commercial break during the entire ovation. During the ovation, Cal also did a lap around the entire Camden Yards warning track to shake hands and give high-fives to the fans. The humble superstar had to be convinced by his teammates (who in fact playfully shoved him out of the dugout) to take a victory lap around the stadium, shaking hands and creating a highlight reel moment that's been replayed repeatedly in the ensuing years.
"It was very spontaneous. I was feeling a sense of anxiety that it was unfair to stop the game in the middle of the game. You felt for the pitchers -- it's almost like a rain delay. I just kept saying to myself, 'okay, let's get the game started. Thank you very much. I'll celebrate it as much as you want after it's over, but let's stay with the game.
Bobby Bonillaand Rafael Palmeiropushed me out of the dugout and said, 'Hey, if you don't do a lap around this thing, we'll never get the game started.' I thought it was a ridiculous sort of thing, ...but as I started to do it, the celebration of 50,000 started to be very one-on-one and very personal. I started seeing people I knew. ...Those were the people that had been around the ballpark all those years, and it was really a wonderful human experience."
On June 14 at
Kauffman Stadiumin Kansas City against the Royals, Ripken broke the world record of consecutive games played of 2,216. The record had been held by Sachio Kinugasaof Japan. Kinugasa was at the game to watch Ripken break his record. On July 15th, [http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/1996/B07150BAL1996.htm] Ripken was moved to third base as an experiment, with Manny Alexandertaking the shortstop position. In the first inning, Ripken dove for a grounder down the line and threw from his knees to get the runner out at first. This was the first time someone other than Cal Ripken had started a game at shortstop for the Orioles since 1982.
Following the 1996 season, Cal Ripken released an autobiography, titled 'The Only Way I Know.' [Jack O'Connell, "Cal Ripken Jr., Lou Gehrig Reunite in Hallowed Hall of Fame", "Memories and Dreams", (Induction 2007, Volume 29, Number 4), page 15.]
The Orioles signed free agent shortstop Mike Bordick from Oakland and moved Ripken back to third base permanently.
On September 20, before the final home game of the season against the New York Yankees, Ripken decided to end his streak at 2,632 games, having surpassed Gehrig's previous record by exactly 502 games. Rookie third baseman
Ryan Minorstarted in his place. Realizing that the streak was coming to an end, the fans, his teammates, and the visiting Yankees (with Derek Jeterbeing the first to notice that Ripken was not playing during batting practice) gave Ripken an ovation after the game's first out was recorded. Ripken later stated that he decided to end the streak at the end of the season, to avoid any off-season controversy about his playing status, not to mention he wanted to end the streak entirely on his own terms while he still could.
In 1999, Ripken had his statistically best season since 1991. Although he was injured at the beginning and the end of the 1999 season, he managed to hit 18 homers in only 332 at-bats (one HR every 18.4 AB's) while hitting a career high .340. He also had the best individual game of his career, going 6 for 6 with 2 homers off
John Smoltzand tying a club record with 13 total basesagainst the Atlanta Braveson June 13, 1999.
Ripken's 1999 season ended early due to injury when he was only 9 hits away from joining the
3000 hit club. He finally achieved the milestone early in the 2000 season when he singled off reliever Héctor Carrascoin a game against the Minnesota Twinson April 15, 2000 in the Metrodome. Ripken had a good night at the plate, getting three hits, the third of which was the milestone. [ [http://www.baseball-almanac.com/box-scores/boxscore.php?boxid=200004150MIN Box Score of Game played on Saturday, April 15, 2000 at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome ] ] The Twins distributed a commemorative certificate to the fans as they left the Metrodomeafter the game.
In June 2001, Ripken announced he would retire at the end of the season. He was voted the starting third baseman in the All-Star game at
Safeco Fieldon July 10, 2001, in Seattle. In a tribute to Ripken's achievements and stature in the game, shortstop Alex Rodriguez(unknowingly foreshadowing his own future) insisted on exchanging positions with third baseman Ripken for the first inning, so that Ripken could play shortstop as he had for most of his career. In the third inning, Ripken made his first plate appearance and was greeted with a standing ovation. Ripken then homered off the first pitch from Chan Ho Park. Ripken ended up with All Star MVP honors. He is the only AL player in MLB history with multiple All Star Game MVP Awards (1991 and 2001).
The Orioles planned to retire Ripken's #8 in a ceremony before the final home game of the 2001 season, on September 23. Ripken's final game was originally set to be played at Yankee Stadium; however, the
September 11, 2001 attacksled to the postponement of a week's worth of games. The games missed were added on to the end of the season's schedule. Since all the games the Orioles missed were at home, this changed the location of Ripken's final game to Oriole Park, much to the delight of Orioles fans. Cal Ripken ended his career in the on deck circle in the bottom of the ninth inning. Long-time teammate Brady Anderson, also playing in his last game for the Orioles, swung and missed a fastball high and tight on a 3–2 count to end the game. After the game, Ripken gave a speech thanking the fans for their support over 20 seasons.
In his final season, Ripken had the lowest zone rating of all major league third basemen (.734). [http://sports.espn.go.com/mlbhist/stats/fielding?groupId=9&sortColumn=zoneRating&sortOrder=true&split=81&qualified=null&season=2001&seasonType=2]
Ripken has also made donations to charity causes, including many donations supporting research on Lou Gehrig's disease. He and his brother Billy also formed the Cal Ripken Sr. Foundation to give underprivileged children the opportunity to attend baseball camps around the country and learn the game. The Foundation is a branch of Ripken Baseball. In addition to controlling these camps and Ripken's minor league teams, Ripken Baseball operates for-profit camps and designs ballfields for youth, college, and professional teams. He also gives speeches about his time in baseball and some of the lessons he has learned. Between 2001 and 2004, inclusive, Ripken served as commissioner of the
White House Tee Ball Initiativeof President George W. Bush, in which capacity he worked to promote the value of teamwork amongst players and volunteership amongst the public and helped to teach tee ballfundamentals to teams of children at the White House.
Cal Ripken retired on October 6, 2001. He is a part owner of the
New York-Penn League's Aberdeen IronBirds, the Short-season Class A affiliate Minor League Baseballteam within the Orioles' system. The team plays at Ripken Stadiumin Cal's hometown of Aberdeen, Maryland.
On June 28, 2005, he announced that he was also purchasing the
Augusta GreenJacketsof the South Atlantic League, a Class A affiliate of the San Francisco Giants.MLBBioRet
Name = Cal Ripken
Number = 8
Team = Baltimore Orioles
Year = 2001|
In 2005, the Orioles honored Ripken on the 10th anniversary of his 2,131st consecutive game. After the top of the 5th inning, the numbers 2130 on the warehouse behind the stadium changed to 2131, just as they did on September 6, 1995.
In 2007, Cal Ripken, Jr. along with
Andre Agassi, Muhammad Ali, Lance Armstrong, Warrick Dunn, Mia Hamm, Jeff Gordon, Tony Hawk, Andrea Jaeger, Jackie Joyner-Kersee, Mario Lemieux, and Alonzo Mourningfounded Athletes for Hope, a charitable organization, which helps professional athletes get involved in charitable causes and inspires millions of non-athletes to volunteer and support the community. [ [http://www.athletesforhope.org/ Athletes for Hope] ]
On January 9, 2007, Cal Ripken, Jr. was elected to the Hall of Fame, appearing on 537 out of 545 of the ballots cast (98.53%), eight votes short of a unanimous selection. His percentage is the third highest in history, behind
Tom Seaverwho received 98.84 percent of the vote and Nolan Ryanwho received 98.79 percent, and the highest ever for a regular position player. Tony Gwynn, who also appeared on his first ballot, was chosen alongside Ripken. Both Hall of Fame-Elects were formally inducted on July 29, 2007. [cite news|first=Barry M.|last=Bloom|url= http://mlb.mlb.com/NASApp/mlb/news/article.jsp?ymd=20070109&content_id=1775441&vkey=news_mlb&fext=.jsp&c_id=mlb|title=The Hall call arrives for Gwynn, Ripken|publisher=MLB.com|date=2007-01-09|accessdate=2007-07-30] The induction ceremony was attended by a record 75,000 people including special guests of Ripken: John Travolta, Richard Gere and Brett Herman.
On January 10, 2007, Ripken expressed interest in purchasing the
Baltimore Oriolesif current owner Peter Angeloswere to sell the team. He has yet to be approached about the potential purchase of the team. At a National Press Club speech in Washington D.C. on April 13, 2007 he denied having an interest in purchasing the Orioles due to lack of sufficient funds.
Ripken is still a popular figure in Baltimore and Washington, DC area advertising, and frequently appears in regional commercials for
Comcastcable and internet service. His appearance at a Washington Capitalsgame on February 10, 2007, prompted a standing ovation from the crowd. [ [http://www.sportsline.com/nhl/gamecenter/recap/NHL_20070210_NYR@WAS Jagr helps Rangers with three assists, 12th to reach 1,500 points - NHL - CBSSports.com Live GameCenter ] ]
In April 2007, he released two books, "Get in the Game", described as a motivational guide to success, and "The Longest Season", a children's book about the Orioles' 1988 season. He also writes a weekly youth sports advice
newspaper columnin the " Baltimore Sun" which is syndicated nationwide and has produced a line of baseball training videos.
On April 9, 2007, Ripken announced a partnership with the recently-formed "Reviving Baseball in the Inner City" program, with the donation of US$1 million in cash and equipment from the Cal Ripken Sr Foundation. [cite news|first=Rick|last=Maese|title=Ripken a reminder of O's past success, current problems|publisher=
On August 13, 2007, Secretary of State
Condoleezza Riceannounced that Ripken has been named Special Sports Envoy for the US State Department and that he will be going to China in October. "And we're just delighted that somebody of Cal Ripken's stature is going to be someone who will go out and represent America so well and represent what we consider to be American values, but also universal values; that hard work and stick-to-it-ness and the willingness to really put it all on the line every day is something that kids need to learn," said Rice. [ [http://www.state.gov/secretary/rm/2007/08/90905.htm Interview With Under Secretary Karen Hughes and Special Sports Envoy Cal Ripken, Jr ] ]
In October 2007, Ripken began working as a studio analyst for TBS Sports during the 2007 Major League Baseball playoffs. [ [http://www.tbs.com/stories/story/0,,113920,00.html Cal Ripken, Jr ] ]
On February 28, 2008, Ripken announced his venture into the massively multiplayer online sports game market with "
Cal Ripken's Real Baseball". [ [http://ripkenbaseball.com/news/index.html?article_id=555 Ripken Baseball - Growing the game of baseball worldwide The Ripken Way: News ] ] [ [http://www.bizjournals.com/baltimore/stories/2008/02/25/daily33.html Cal Ripken Jr. goes to bat for online video game - Baltimore Business Journal: ] ]
On March 30, 2008,
I-395Eastern's Branch in Baltimore, from I-95to Conway Street, was to dedicated to Cal Ripken, Jr. This stretch of I-395 is now called "Cal Ripken Way". [cite news|title=Sign erected renaming I-395 Cal Ripken Way|date=2008-05-30|publisher=" The Baltimore Sun"|url=http://www.baltimoresun.com/sports/baseball/ripken/bal-ripken530,0,3105751.story|accessdate=2008-06-01 ]
On May 31, 2008, Ripken received an
honorary doctoratefrom the University of Delaware, for "Doctor of Humanities," and also served as the university's commencement speaker. [cite news|title=Ripken speaks at Delaware commencement|date=2008-05-31|publisher=" The Baltimore Sun"|url=http://www.baltimoresun.com/sports/baseball/ripken/bal-ripken531,0,3171288.story|accessdate=2008-06-01 ]
At 6 ft 4 in, 225 lb (1.93 m, 102 kg), Ripken was a departure from the prototypical shortstop of the time — small, fleet-of-foot players who played a defensively difficult position but often did not post the home run and batting average totals that an outfielder might. Power hitting shortstops such as
Alex Rodriguezand Miguel Tejadaare often seen to be part of Ripken's legacy.
Nonetheless, Ripken demonstrated the ability to play excellent defense at shortstop, and as a result remained a fixture there for well over a decade, leading the league in assists several times, winning the Gold Glove twice, and, in 1990, setting the MLB record for best fielding percentage in a season at his position. Though not a flashy fielder, Ripken displayed excellent fundamentals, and studied batters and even his own pitching staff so he could position himself to compensate for his lack of physical speed, even calling pitches at times. Ripken's legacy as a fielder is reflected by his place near the top of almost every defensive statistical category — he holds at least one all-time record (for either season, career, or most seasons leading the league) in assists, putouts, fielding percentage, double plays, and fewest errors.
Ripken's power, which led to records like the most home runs by shortstop and 13th for career doubles, also had some consequences. His propensity to drive the ball often led to his grounders getting to fielders quickly for tailor-made double-play balls. In 1999, Ripken passed Hank Aaron as the player who had grounded into the most double plays in his career — interestingly enough, he is also second on the fielding side for double plays by a shortstop.
Billy and Cal Ripken are one of only four two-brother combinations in major league history to play second base/shortstop on the same club, Baltimore Orioles, during the 1980s. The others are Garvin and
Granny Hamner, for the Philadelphia Philliesin 1945; the twins Eddie and Johnny O'Brien, with the Pittsburgh Piratesin the mid-1950s, and Frank and Milt Bolling, for the Detroit Tigersin 1958. [ [http://www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/submit/Sargent_Jim7.stm Milt Bolling | BaseballLibrary.com ] ]
On September 23, 2001, the
NASCARWinston Cup series and MBNAre-named the fall race at Dover International Speedway in Dover, DE naming the race the MBNA Cal Ripken Jr. 400. The race paid tribute to Ripken's legacy and he was also in attendance greeting the competing drivers as they crossed the stage during driver introductions. Driver Bobby Labontehad a special paint scheme on his #18 Interstate Batteries car featuring Baltimore Orioles colors along with Ripken's retirement seal. The race was won by Dale Earnhardt Jr., who was then driving the #8 car (coincidentally matching Ripken's jersey number).
Awards and records
*1982: American League Rookie of the Year
*1983: American League Most Valuable Player
*1983: American League
Silver Slugger Award(SS)
*1984: American League Silver Slugger Award (SS)
*1985: American League Silver Slugger Award (SS)
*1986: American League Silver Slugger Award (SS)
*1989: American League Silver Slugger Award (SS)
*1991: American League Most Valuable Player
*1991: MLB All-Star Game Most Valuable Player
*1991: American League
Gold Glove Award(SS)
*1991: American League Silver Slugger Award (SS)
*1992: Roberto Clemente Award
*1992: Lou Gehrig Memorial Award
*1992: American League Gold Glove Award (SS)
*1993: American League Silver Slugger Award (SS)
*1994: American League Silver Slugger Award (SS)
Sports Illustrated" magazine's " Sportsman of the Year"; " The Sporting News"' "Sportsman of the Year"
*1999: Ranked Number 78 on "
The Sporting News"' list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players
*1999: Elected to the
Major League Baseball All-Century Team.
*2001: MLB All-Star Game Most Valuable Player
*2001: Ranked third greatest shortstop all-time in the "The New
Bill JamesHistorical Abstract".
*2001: Uniform number (8) retired by the Baltimore Orioles
*2007: Elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame by 98.53 percent of voters. The highest percentage of votes ever for a position player, as well as third highest overall.
*2007: Inducted to the Baseball Hall of Fame on July 29th with the San Diego Padres' great Tony Gwynn in front of a record crowd of 75,000 people
*Most consecutive games played at 2,632
*Most grounded into double plays at 350
*Most home runs by a shortstop at 345
*Most double plays by a shortstop, American League, at 1,682
*All-time leader in MLB All-Star fan balloting (36,123,483) [ [http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/baseball/mlb/2001/allstar/news/2001/07/10/gwynn_ripken_ap/ Baseball begins to bid farewell to Ripken, Gwynn] ]
*Most MLB All-Star Game appearances at shortstop (15) - 1983-1996, 2001
*Most consecutive MLB All-Star Game starts (17) [ [http://www.baseballlibrary.com/ballplayers/player.php?name=Cal_Ripken_Jr_1960 The Ballplayers - Cal Ripken, Jr. | BaseballLibrary.com ] ]
*Games Played, 3,001
*Consecutive games, 2,632
*At bats, 11,551
*Extra Base Hits, 1078
*Home runs, 431 (Baltimore has had five members of the
500 home run clubon its roster, but none have hit more with the Orioles than Ripken)
*Total Bases, 5168
*Double Plays, 1,682
MLB consecutive games played streaks
DHL Hometown Heroes
List of MLB individual streaks
List of top 500 Major League Baseball home run hitters
List of major league players with 2,000 hits
List of Major League Baseball doubles records
List of Major League Baseball players with 400 doubles
List of Major League Baseball players with 1000 runs
List of Major League Baseball players with 1000 RBI
List of Major League Baseball doubles champions
3000 hit club
Hitting for the cycle
List of Major League Baseball runs scored champions
MLB consecutive games played streaks
Major League Baseball hitters with three home runs in one game
List of second generation MLB players
* [http://www.baltimoresun.com/sports/baseball/ripken/ Baltimore "Sun" Gallery and archive – Cal Ripken Jr.]
* [http://www.ripkenbaseball.com Ripken Baseball]
* [http://www.athletesforhope.org/ Athletes for Hope]
* [http://www.kepplerspeakers.com/speakers/speakers.asp?1-D9MT Cal Ripken Jr. Biography]
* [http://www.hardballtimes.com/main/article/the-most-powerful-hitting-middle-infielders-of-all-time/] Article on power-hitting middle infielders in The Hardball Times.
NAME=Ripken, Cal, Jr.
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Ripken, Calvin Edwin, Jr.
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Major League baseball player
DATE OF BIRTH=August 24, 1960
PLACE OF BIRTH=
Havre de Grace, Maryland, United States
DATE OF DEATH=
PLACE OF DEATH=
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Cal Ripken — Cal Ripken, Jr. « Cal Ripken » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Cal Ripken (homonymie) … Wikipédia en Français
Cal Ripken Jr — Cal Ripken, Jr. « Cal Ripken » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Cal Ripken (homonymie) … Wikipédia en Français
Cal Ripken Jr. — Cal Ripken, Jr. « Cal Ripken » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Cal Ripken (homonymie) … Wikipédia en Français
Cal Ripken — Jr. vor einem Spiel im Tiger Stadium in Detroit, 1993 Calvin Edwin „Cal“ Ripken Jr. (* 24. August 1960 in Havre de Grace, Maryland) ist ein US amerikanischer Baseballspieler, der von 1981 bis 2001 in der Major League Baseball für die … Deutsch Wikipedia
Cal Ripken Jr — Cal Ripken Jr. vor einem Spiel im Tiger Stadium in Detroit, 1993 Calvin Edwin „Cal“ Ripken Jr. (* 24. August 1960 in Havre de Grace, Maryland) ist ein US amerikanischer Baseballspieler, der von 1981 bis 2001 in der Major League Baseball für die … Deutsch Wikipedia
Cal Ripken — Cal Ripken, Jr. Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cal Ripken, Jr. Calvin Edwin Ripken, Jr. ( * 24 de agosto de 1960, Havre de Grace, Maryland) es un beisbolista retirado estadounidense y uno de los mejores shortstops en la historia de las Grandes… … Wikipedia Español
Cal Ripken, Jr. — « Cal Ripken » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Cal Ripken (homonymie). Cal Ripken Jr … Wikipédia en Français
Cal Ripken, Sr. — For his son of the same name, see Cal Ripken, Jr. Calvin Edwin Ripken, Sr. (December 17 1935 – March 25 1999) was a coach and manager in Major League Baseball who spent 36 years in the Baltimore Orioles organization, also as a player and scout.… … Wikipedia
Cal Ripken, Sr. — Cal Ripken, Sr … Wikipédia en Français
Cal Ripken, Junior — Cal Ripken, Jr. « Cal Ripken » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Cal Ripken (homonymie) … Wikipédia en Français