Bacteriostatic agent

Bacteriostatic antibiotics limit the growth of bacteria by interfering with bacterial protein production, DNA replication, or other aspects of bacterial cellular metabolism.

Bacteriostatic antibiotics inhibit growth and reproduction of bacteria without killing them; killing is done by bactericidal agents. Bacteriostatic agents must work with the immune system to remove the microorganisms from the body. However, there is not always a precise distinction between them and bactericides; high concentrations of most bacteriostatic agents are also bactericidal, whereas low concentrations of bacteriocidal agents are only bacteriostatic.

This group includes the
* tetracyclines
* sulphonamides
* spectinomycin
* trimethoprim
* chloramphenicol
* macrolides
* lincosamides

ee also

* list of antibiotics


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • bacteriostatic agent — bacteriostatic agent. См. бактериостатический агент. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • bacteriostatic — Inhibiting or retarding the multiplication of bacteria. * * * bac·te·ri·o·stat·ic .tir ē ō stat ik adj causing bacteriostasis <a bacteriostatic agent> bac·te·ri·o·stat·i·cal·ly i k(ə )lē adv * * * adj. capable of inhibiting or retarding the …   Medical dictionary

  • bacteriostatic — acteriostatic adj. 1. of or pertaining to bacteriostasis or a bacteriostat. [WordNet 1.5] 2. causing bacteriostasis; said of chemical substances, such as certain antibacterial agents. [PJC] Note: Substances, such as antibiotics, which inhibit… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • agent — 1. An active force or substance capable of producing an effect. For agents not listed here, see the specific name. 2. A disease, a factor such as a microorganism, chemical substance, or a form of radiation the presence or …   Medical dictionary

  • antimicrobial agent — ▪ pharmacology Introduction       any of a large variety of chemical compounds and physical agents that are used to destroy microorganisms or to prevent their development. Antiseptics (antiseptic) and germicides.       The term antiseptic refers… …   Universalium

  • бактериостатический агент — bacteriostatic agent бактериостатический агент. Вещество, ингибирующее (останавливающее) рост бактерий, но не убивающее их. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО,… …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • mandelic acid — A urinary antibacterial agent (both bactericidal and bacteriostatic). SYN: hydroxytoluic acid, phenylglycolic acid. [Ger. Mandel, almond] * * * man·del·ic acid man .del ik n an optically active crystalline hydroxy acid C8H8O3 that is obtainable… …   Medical dictionary

  • p-aminosalicylic acid — A bacteriostatic agent against tubercle bacilli, used as a second line agent; potassium, sodium, and calcium salts have the same use. * * * p ami·no·sal·i·cyl·ic ac·id (PAS) (PASA) (ə me″no sal ĭ silґik) an analogue of …   Medical dictionary

  • Dihydropteroate — IUPAC name 4 {[(2 amino 4 oxo 1,4,7,8 tetrahydropteridin 6 yl)methyl]amino}benzoic acid …   Wikipedia

  • bacteriostat — Any agent that inhibits or retards bacterial growth. SYN: bacteriostatic agent. * * * bac·te·ri·o·stat tir ē ō .stat also bac·te·ri·o·stat·ic .tir ē ō stat ik n an agent that causes bacteriostasis * * * bac·te·rio·stat (bak tērґe o… …   Medical dictionary


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