Nether Poppleton

Coordinates: 53°59′18″N 1°08′27″W / 53.988460°N 1.140790°W / 53.988460; -1.140790

Nether Poppleton
Nether Poppleton is located in North Yorkshire
Nether Poppleton

 Nether Poppleton shown within North Yorkshire
Population 2,077 
OS grid reference SE564550
Parish Nether Poppleton
Unitary authority City of York
Ceremonial county North Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town YORK
Postcode district YO26
Dialling code 01904
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament York Outer
List of places: UK • England • Yorkshire

Nether Poppleton is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of the City of York in North Yorkshire, England. It is situated by the West bank of the River Ouse south of Upper Poppleton, and west of York close to the A59 road from York to Harrogate. The village is served by Poppleton railway station on the Harrogate Line.

According to the 2001 census, the parish had a population of 2,077. Prior to 1996, it had been part of the Harrogate district.

The name is derived from popel (pebble) and tun (hamlet, farm), and means "Pebble Farm", due to the gravel bed upon which the village was built.[1] The neighbouring village of Upper Poppleton has been referred to as "Land Poppleton" and Nether Poppleton as "Water Poppleton", indicating the villages' position relative to the river.

The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles.[1] It became a Conservation Area in 1993. The earthworks to the north and east of the parish church are designated as a Scheduled Monument(53°59′23.12″N 1°8′25.95″W / 53.9897556°N 1.1405417°W / 53.9897556; -1.1405417).[2]

Contents

History

In 972, the village was recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles as "Popeltun" and in the Domesday Book as "Popeltune".[1] The villages and lands were given by Osbern De Arches to the Abbot of St Mary's in York. It was, therefore, under the ecclesiastical rule of the Parish of St Mary-Bishophill Junior.[3]

During the reign of Richard II, the village was the scene of the murder of a Mayor of York.[4]

In 1644, the 25,000-strong Scottish and Parliament Armies, led by the Earl of Manchester, laid siege to the city of York. To facilitate communications, they built a "Bridge of Boats" at Poppleton. This bridge was eventually taken by Prince Rupert and his Royalist Forces, but he subsequently lost the battle at Marston Moor.[5]

The village benefitted from the growth in the railways in the 19th Century when the York, Knaresborough and Harrogate Railway routed its line through Poppleton and erected a station.[6]

Time Team Dig 2004

In June 2004, the British broadcaster Channel 4 made an episode of its archaeological programme Time Team in the village[7] in association with Yorkshire Wessex Achaeology. It was to investigate the origins of the village based near some of the earthenworks around the village, especially near the church and Manor Farm.

In total, 12 trenches were dug in addition to 32 test pits dug by the local population. The dig found evidence that there had been a monastic building in the village that was dated between AD 450-850.[2]

Governance

Nether Poppleton lies within the Rural West Ward of the City of York Unitary Authority. As of the 2011 elections, it is represented by Councillors Ian Gillies, Paul Healey and Chris Steward who are all members of the local Conservative Party.[8] It is also a part of the UK Parliamentary Constituency of York Outer as well as the EU region of Yorkshire and the Humber

Locally, there is a parish council with seven council members.[9]

Economy

Poppleton was formerly an agricultural settlement with many farms, but the modern village is mostly a dormitory for commuters to the nearby towns and cities. It has benefited from its good road and rail links. The village shares local retail facilities, including a Post Office, and some small enterprises, with Upper Poppleton.

Demography

In the 19th century, the population has varied between 254 and 346.[3] The 2001 census recorded the population as 1,961.

Education

As of 2010, Poppleton Ousebank Primary provides primary education for both Poppletons.[10]

For secondary education, the village is in the catchment area of York High School on Cornlands Road in nearby Acomb, but the nearest secondary school is Manor Church of England on Millfield Lane.[11] The school in Millfield Lane is a Church of England School and has its own admissions policy separate from the local city council's policy.[12] It was originally built in 1813 at Kings Manor and has moved several times before being sited in Millfield Lane.[13]

Transport

Harrogate Coach Travel buses run through the village as part of the York to Ripon route.[14] York Pullman buses operate in the village as part of the Nether Poppleton/Acomb route to Stamford Bridge[15]

Northern Rail operate a service on the line between York and Leeds that stops at Poppleton station.[16]

Religion

St Everilda's Church, Nether Poppleton

St. Everilda's Church is at the end of Church Lane and to have origins as early as the 7th century.[17] The stained glass in the eastern window and in one of the windows in the south aisle is of late 13th Century and early 14th Century. St Everilda's Church is named after a 7th-century Saxon saint.[18]

Sports

The local football team, Poppleton United, and a lawn tennis club are in nearby Upper Poppleton. In addition there is a Junior Football club, Poppleton Tigers, based on Millfield Lane. They have recently had a new club house built which should be ready for the new season 2011-2012

References

  1. ^ a b c "Origin of name". http://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Popplestone. Retrieved 2010-11-14. 
  2. ^ a b "Scheduled Monument". http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/reports/55756/nether-poppleton/. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  3. ^ a b Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. ISBN 1861502990. 
  4. ^ Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. ISBN 1861502990. 
  5. ^ "Civil War". http://www.british-civil-wars.co.uk/military/1644-york-march-marston-moor.htm. Retrieved 2010-11-14. 
  6. ^ The York, Knaresborough and Harrogate Railway. C.T.Goode. 2001. ISBN 1870313224. 
  7. ^ "Time Team". http://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/T/timeteam/2005_pop.html. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  8. ^ "Councillors". http://democracy.york.gov.uk/mgFindCouncillor.aspx?XXR=0&AC=WARD&WID=362. Retrieved 2010-11-06. 
  9. ^ "Parish Council". http://www.poppleton.net/nppc/councillors.html. Retrieved 2010-11-14. 
  10. ^ "Primary education". http://www.york.gov.uk/education/Schools_and_colleges/Primary_schools_list/Poppleton_Ousebank_Primary/. Retrieved 201-11-14. 
  11. ^ "Secondary Education". http://www.york.gov.uk/content/45255/31906/Secondary_school_places/YORK_HIGH_SCHOOL.pdf. 
  12. ^ "Manor CE School Admissions". http://www.mce.york.sch.uk/parent-information/student-admissions.html. Retrieved 2010-11-14. 
  13. ^ "Manor CE School". http://www.mce.york.sch.uk/about-mce/history.html. Retrieved 2010-11-14. 
  14. ^ "Transport". http://www.swiersnet.co.uk/HCT/timetables/143.php. Retrieved 2010-11-08. 
  15. ^ "Pullman Buses". http://www.yorkpullmanbus.co.uk/local-bus-services.htm. Retrieved 2010-11-14. 
  16. ^ "Rail links". http://www.northernrail.org/travel/networkmap. Retrieved 2010-11-14. 
  17. ^ "Church History". http://www.magic.gov.uk/rsm/28234.pdf. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  18. ^ "Local Church". http://www.achurchnearyou.com/nether-poppleton-st-everilda/. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 

External links

Media related to Nether Poppleton at Wikimedia Commons


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