- Airport Core Programme
The Hong Kong Airport Core Programme (zh-t|t=香港機場核心計劃) was a series of infrastructural works organised by the
government of Hong Kongduring the 1990s, with the new Hong Kong International Airportat Chek Lap Kokas its central project. The programme was part of Port and Airport Development Strategy, more commonly known as Rose Garden Project. The whole plan cost HK$ 160.2 billion (160,200,000,000). [cite web|url=http://legacy.transparency.org/working_papers/country/hk_airport.html|title=Working Paper: Hong Kong: The Airport Core Programme and the Absence of Corruption|publisher=Transparency International|accessdate=2007-06-11]
Second World War, there had been plans to replace the old Kai Tak Airportwith a new one. However, due to financial and political reasons, the plan was abandoned in 1951, while the Hong Kong Governmentdecided to expand the original airport instead. cite book|author=Sung Hin-lun|title=A Hundred Years of Aviation in Hong Kong|publisher=Joint Publishing|year=2003|id=ISBN 962-04-2188-4|accessdate=2007-06-11]
In the 1970s, as there was great development in the
economy of Hong Kong, the idea was mentioned again. The Government earmarked Chek Lap Kokas the new airport's site. However, the plan was shelved in 1983 because the future of Hong Kongwas not clear and the then government did not have a large enough budget for such an expensive project.
In 1984, as the
Sino-British Joint Declarationwas settled, the Hong Kong government decided to go forward with the plan. The plan was announced on October 11, 1989by the then Governor Wilson, and it was perceived as part of the government's effort to reinstate confidence in Hong Kong after the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. The Hong Kong public was initially surprised by the huge budget and there were concerns if it would drain much of public revenue. [cite web|url=http://www.hku.hk/hkcer/articles/v5/rkwong.htm|title=The New Airport and Aviation in Hong Kong: A New Perspective|publisher=Kai-sun Kwong|accessdate=2007-06-11] The programme was completed as the new Hong Kong International Airportat Chek Lap Kokopened in July 1998.
The programme included:
*Construction of a new
Hong Kong International Airportnorth of Lantau Island
*Building of bridges (including the
Tsing Ma Bridge) to connect Lantau Island with Kowloon Peninsula
expresswaysbetween the new airport and the urban area
reclamationin west Kowloon for construction of roadways
*Construction of a third cross-harbour
tunnel( Western Harbour Crossing) between Kowloon and Hong Kong Island
*Land reclamation in the northern part of Hong Kong Island to make way for roads
*Development of a
new townin Tung Chungon northern Lantau
*Construction of a high speed rail line connecting the airport and Tung Chung with urban areas
*An exhibition centre,
Airport Core Programme Exhibition Centre, introducing the programme is located in Ting Kaunear Tsuen Wanin Hong Kong.
* [http://www.info.gov.hk/napco/index-e.html Airport Core Program website]
* CONEXPO-CON/AGG '99 (1999). " [http://www.tfhrc.gov/pubrds/julaug99/topten.htm Top 10 Construction Achievements of the 20th Century] . ISBN 0-9530219-5-5. Retrieved on
November 10, 2005.
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