Rupert's Land


Rupert's Land

Rupert's Land, also sometimes called "Prince Rupert's Land", was a territory in British North America, consisting of the Hudson Bay drainage basin, that was "de facto" owned by the Hudson's Bay Company for 200 years. The area once known as Rupert's Land is now mainly a part of Canada, but a small portion is now in the United States of America. It was named after Prince Rupert of the Rhine, a nephew of Charles I and the first Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company.

Areas once belonging to Rupert's Land include all of Manitoba, most of Saskatchewan, southern Alberta, southern Nunavut, northern parts of Ontario and Quebec, as well as parts of Minnesota and North Dakota and very small parts of Montana and South Dakota.

Colonial history

In 1670, the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) was granted a charter by King Charles II, giving it a trading monopoly over the watershed of all rivers and streams flowing into Hudson Bay, thereby making the HBC de facto owners of the whole of Rupert's Land. This covered an area of 3.9 million square kilometres (1.5 million sq mi), over one-third the area of Canada today.

On 19 November, 1869 the Hudson's Bay Company sold Rupert's Land to the newly formed Canadian Government for £300,000. Control was originally planned to be transferred on December 1 of that year, but due to setbacks caused by the Red River Rebellion the government assumed control on 15 July, 1870. The region then became known as The Northwest Territories.

ee also

*49th parallel north
*British Arctic Territories
*Hudson's Bay Company
*Hudson's Bay Company Archives

Further reading


* cite book
last = Davis | first = Richard Clarke
coauthors = Richard I. Ruggles
title = Rupert's Land A Cultural Tapestry
location = Waterloo, ON, Canada
publisher = Wilfrid Laurier University Press | year = 1988
isbn = 0889209766

* cite book
last = Gillespie | first = Greg
title = Hunting for Empire Narrative of Sport in Rupert's Land, 1840-70
location = Vancouver, BC, Canada
publisher = UBC Press | year = 2007
isbn = 9780774813549

* cite book
author = Hudson's Bay Company
title = An Ordinance for the More Effectual Administration of Justice, In the Colony of Rupertsland
location = London | publisher = J. Brettell

* cite book
last = Stubbs | first = Roy St. George
title = Four Recorders of Rupert's Land; A Brief Survey of the Hudson's Bay Company Courts of Rupert's Land
location = Winnipeg, MB, Canada
publisher = Peguis Publishers | year = 1967

* cite book
last = Tucker | first = S.
title = The Rainbow in the North A Short Account of the First Establishment of Christianity in Rupert's Land
location = London
publisher = J. Nisbet and Co | year = 1851

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rupert's Land — or Prince Rupert s Land Historical region, northern and western Canada, comprising the drainage basin of Hudson Bay. In 1670 it was granted by King Charles II to the Hudson s Bay Co. It was named after Prince Rupert, the king s cousin and the… …   Universalium

  • Rupert's Land — geographical name Prince Rupert s Land …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Rupert's Land —    The name applied to the territories of the Hudson s Bay Company, particularly to that portion lying west of Hudson Bay and east of the Rocky Mountains. The Company held these lands under royal charter granted by Charles II in 1670. The first… …   The makers of Canada

  • Rupert's Land — Ruperts Land war ein Gebiet, das einen Großteil des heutigen Kanada bildet. Ursprünglich gehörte es der Hudson s Bay Company (HBC). Es ist benannt nach Ruprecht von der Pfalz, Herzog von Cumberland, dem ersten Gouverneur der Gesellschaft. Ruperts …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • RUPERT'S LAND —    a name given by Prince Rupert to territory the drainage of which flows into Hudson Bay or Strait …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Rupert's Land — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rupert's Land Act of 1868 — The Rupert s Land Act of 1868 was legislation authorizing the transfer of Rupert s Land from the control of the Hudson s Bay Company to the Dominion of Canada. The transfer occurred in 1869 and was consummated in 1870 by the payment of a… …   Wikipedia

  • Rupert's Land (film) — infobox film name = Rupert s Land director = Jonathan Tammuz producer = Scott Kennedy Bill Thumm writer = Graeme Manson starring = Samuel West Ian Tracey George Wendt released = flagicon|Canada 13 September 1998 country = Canada language =… …   Wikipedia

  • Anglican Diocese of Rupert's Land — Diocese of Rupert s Land Archdeaconries Cathedral of St. John, Winnipeg Information Rite Anglican …   Wikipedia

  • Ecclesiastical Province of Rupert's Land — The Ecclesiastical Province of Rupert s Land was founded in 1875 and is one of four ecclesiastical provinces in the Anglican Church of Canada. The territory covered by the province is roughly coterminous with the western portion of the former… …   Wikipedia


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