Khor Fakkan


Khor Fakkan

Infobox City
official_name = Khor Fakkan
name = Khor Fakkan
native_name = خورفكان
pushpin_

pushpin_map_caption = Location of Khor Fakkan in the UAE
settlement_type = town


leader_title = Emir
leader_name = Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qasimi
area_magnitude =
area_metro_km2 =
area_footnotes =
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 33575
population_density_km2 = 1150
population_density_sq_mi =
population_footnotes =
utc_offset = +4
timezone = UAE Standard Time
latd= 25|latm= 20|lats=21|latNS=N
longd= 56|longm= 21|longs=22|longEW=E
latitude = 25°16?N
longitude = 55°20?E
footnotes =

Khor Fakkan (or Khawr Fakkan') (Arabic:خورفكان) is a town in the emirate of Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Located along the Gulf of Oman, Khor Fakkan is geographically surrounded by the emirate of Fujairah. It is a natural deep water port that is now a major container terminal.

History

In 1580 the Venetian jeweller Gasparo Balbi noted "Chorf" in a list of places on the east coast of the United Arab Emirates, which is considered by historians to indicate Khor Fakkan. The Portuguese built a fort at Khor Fakkan, which was a ruin by 1666.

The log book of the Dutch vessel the Meerkat mentions this fort and another one, describing "Gorfacan" as place on a small bay, with about 200 small houses built from date branches, near the beach. It refers to a triangular Portuguese fortress on the northern side, in ruins, and a fortress on a hill on the southern side, also in ruins, without garrison or artillery. As well as date palms, the Meerkat's log also mentions fig trees, melons, watermelons and myrrh. It notes several wells with "good and fresh water" used for irrigation.

One reason suggested for the ruinous state of the forts is an invasion by the Persian navy, under the control of Omani Sheikh Muhammad Suhari, in 1623. Suhari, facing a Portuguese counter-attack, withdrew to the Portuguese forts, including that of Khor Fakkan. When the Persians were expelled, the Portuguese commander Rui Freire urged the people of Khor Fakkan to remain loyal to the Portuguese crown, and established a Portuguese customs office as well.

In 1737, long after the Portuguese had been expelled from Arabia, the Persians again invaded Khor Fakkan, with the help of the Dutch, during their intervention in the Omani civil war. In 1765 Khor Fakkan belonged to a sheikh of the Qawasim, Sharjah's ruling family, according to the German traveller Carsten Niebuhr.

Thereafter it belonged to the Al Zaab tribal confederation, half of which lives in the Abu Dhabi city Al Zaab areas, ruled by Sharif Hussein Bin Rahma Al Zaabi.

Archaeology

Khor Fakkan has a long history of human settlement. Excavations by a team from the Sharjah Archaeological Museum have identified 34 graves and a settlement belonging to the early-mid 2nd millennium BC. These are clustered on rock outcrops overlooking the harbour.

One site of interest is the Rifaisa Dam, in the mountains of Khor Fakkan. This is believed to have been built over a village, and when the water is very still, the tops of the old houses are still visible.

Tourism

Khor Fakkan is a popular tourism spot, surrounded with huge mountains and attractive beaches. Its most famous hotel is the Oceanic. It also features coral outcrops suitable for diving and snorkeling. Tourism is somewhat held back by Sharjah's ban on alcohol.

The fish, fruit and vegetable "souq" is located at the southern end of the "corniche".

Al Wurrayah Falls is reachable by four-wheel-drive around 4.5km north of the Oceanic hotel.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Khor Fakkan — Administration Pays  Emirats arabes u …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Khor Fakkan — Chaur Fakkan (arabisch ‏خور فكان‎, DMG Ḫaur Fakkān, auch Chūr Fakkan, nach englischer Umschrift auch Khawr Fakkan und Khor Fakkan) ist eine Stadt in den Vereinigten Arabischen Emiraten. Sie liegt am Golf von Oman, ist umgeben vom Emirat… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Khor Kalba — Charjah 25° 21′ 24″ N 55° 23′ 25″ E / 25.3568, 55.3903 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hawr Fakkan — Khor Fakkan Khor Fakkan Administration Pays  Émirats arabes unis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Khawr Fakkan — Khor Fakkan Khor Fakkan Administration Pays  Émirats arabes unis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Khawr Fakkan — Original name in latin Khawr Fakkn Name in other language Fakkan, Fakkn, Khawr Fakkan, Khawr Fakkn, Khawr al Fakkan, Khawr al Fakkn, Khor Fakhan, Khor Fakkan, Khor Fakkn, Khor al Fakhan, Khor al Fakkan, Khor al Fkhn, Khor Fakkan, Khorfakan,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Chaur Fakkan — 25.33916666666756.356111111111 Koordinaten: 25° 20′ N, 56° 21′ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Khawr Fakkān — ▪ United Arab Emirates also spelled  Khawr al Fakkān,  Khor Fakkan , or  Fakkān        exclave and port town located in Al Shāriqah (Shāriqah, Al ) emirate, United Arab Emirates. It is on the east coast of the Musandam Peninsula, facing the Gulf… …   Universalium

  • Dibba Al-Hisn — دبا الحصن   town   Dibba Al Hisn A mosque in Dibba Al Hisn …   Wikipedia

  • Saqr bin Muhammed bin Saqr Al-Qasimi — H.E. Sheikh Saqr bin Muhammed bin Saqr Al Qasimi (died 2007), an Al Qasimi royal who lived in the town of Khor Fakkan, in the United Arab Emirates. He was an elder brother to H.H. Sheikh Dr. Sultan bin Muhammed Al Qasimi, the Ruler of the Emirate …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.