Kingdom of Humanity
The Kingdom of Humanity, surrounded by the Humanity Sea, a
micronation, was a kingdom in the Spratly Islandsestablished in 1878 by British captain James George Meads, who proclaimed himself King James I. Offered as a home for the poor and oppressed of Europe, at the time of King James' death in 1888 the kingdom had around 2,000 residents.
King James was succeeded by his son King George I, who negotiated diplomatic ties with larger powers. He was able to secure defensive support from
Englandwith the 1893 Treaty of Southwark, in exchange for berthing privileges at the kingdom's ports.
King Franklin I succeeded after King George's death in 1914. During his reign, the kingdom's flag was designed, a
universitywas established, and the population of the kingdom grew to 7,000.
Although peaceable, the kingdom was often threatened by
pirates. The valuable islands were later occupied by French troops in 1933, and by Japanese forces in 1939.
With the Japanese invasion, King Franklin was forced to leave to
Australia. The remaining soldiers were executed, and Itu Ababecame a submarinebase. The anniversary of the invasion was later remembered in the public holidaycalled Martyr's Day.
King Franklin was eventually succeeded by his grandson
Morton F. Meads(his son Josiah died of malariabefore his coronation). Meads found it necessary to buy back some of the kingdom's territory, which had been sold by an Indian sultannamed Songhrati.
In 1963, the Kingdom of Humanity merged with another micronation, the
Republic of Morac-Songhrati-Meads.
Other micronations claimed in the Spratly & Paracel Islands
Republic of Morac-Songhrati-Meads
* Marwyn S. Samuels, "Contest for the South China Sea". (1982)
* Samuel Pyeatt Menefee, "Republics of the Reefs":|Nation-Building on the Continental Shelf and in the World's Oceans, "California Western International Law Journal", vol. 25, no. 1, Fall, 1994, pp. 83-85.
* [http://www.angelfire.com/ri/songhrati/history.html A History of the Republic of Morac-Songhrati-Meads]
* [http://www.fotw.net/FLAGS/xp-s.html KoH flag at FOTW.net]
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