Liberal Party (Greece)
Founded as the "Xipoliton" ("barefoot") party in Crete (then an autonomous region of the
Ottoman Empire), its early leaders were Kostis Mitsotakis(Grandfather of Konstantinos Mitsotakis) and Eleftherios Venizelos. After the annexation of Crete by Greece, Venizelos moved to Athensand turned the party into a national one, under the "Fileleftheron" name in 1910. For the following 25 years, the fate of the party would be tied to that of Venizelos. The party was legally disbanded after the failed Nikolaos Plastirascoup of 1935, although the organization remained active.
World War II, a Greek government-in-exile was formed in Cairo, Egypt, with the assistance of the British. The government was formed almost entirely of prominent Liberals, including Georgios Papandreou and Sophoklis Venizelos, even as King George (long suspected by the British for pro-German leanings) remained the official head of state. The party was reformed after the war, until it merged into Center Union("Enosi Kentrou") in 1961.
In the 1980s, the party reemerged under the leadership of Nikitas Venizelos, a grandson of the party's founder. Claiming to be the same party as the one founded in 1910, it continues to contest elections.
(Name, highest office as a party member, year)
Eleftherios Venizelos, leader, Prime Minister (1910)
Georgios Kafantaris, Prime Minister (1924)
Andreas Michalakopoulos, Prime Minister (1924)
Sophoklis Venizelos, Prime Minister (1944)
*Georgios Papandreou, Prime Minister (1946)
Konstantinos Mitsotakis, MP (1946)
Eleftherios Venizelos, 1910–1936
Themistoklis Sophoulis, 1936–1948
Sophoklis Venizelos, 1948–1961
Manolis Kalligiannis, 1996–present
* [http://www.liberalparty.gr/ Party website]
*History of Modern Greece
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