Acosmism, in contrast to
pantheism, denies the realityof the universe, seeing it as ultimately illusory, (the prefix "a-" in Greek meaning negation; like "un-" in English), and only the infinite unmanifestAbsolute as real.
philosophybegins with the premise that there is only one Reality that is infinite, non-dual, and blissful. But the phenomenal reality of which we are normally aware is just the opposite: finite, dualistic, and full of painand suffering. And since the Absolute is the only reality, that means that everything that is not-Absolute cannot be real. Thus, according to this viewpoint, the phenomenal dualistic world is ultimately an illusion ("maya" to use the technical Indian term), irrespective of the apparent reality it possesses at the mundane or empirical level.
spiritual practiceemphasises attaining the Absolute through a kind of intellectual or conceptual realisation. This may involve holding the thought that "I am that" (the Absolute), as in the of the Advaita Vedantaschool and its recent advocates; or alternatively through a standing back and simply watching the thoughts and sensations arise and pass away; realising all the time that they are not a part of one's true Self. Both these approaches are termed the path of " jnana" ("knowledge").
Indian philosophies were and are concerned not so much with the manifest reality we see about us, but with the unmanifest Absolute Transcendent. What matters is simply the practical attainment of a state of this universal, transcendent,
transpersonal existence. In that state, according to Adi Shankara, there is no difference between Self and God; there is only the Absolute ( Brahman).
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
acosmism — ACOSMÍSM n. filoz. Teorie conform căreia lumea nu există ca realitate independentă de Dumnezeu. /<fr. acosmisme Trimis de siveco, 22.08.2004. Sursa: NODEX ACOSMÍSM s.n. (fil.) Teorie idealistă după care lumea fizică nu ar exista ca realitate … Dicționar Român
Acosmism — A*cos mism, n. [Gr. a priv. + ? world.] A denial of the existence of the universe as distinct from God. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
acosmism — ▪ philosophy in philosophy, the view that God is the sole and ultimate reality and that finite objects and events have no independent existence. Acosmism has been equated with pantheism, the belief that everything is God. G.W.F. Hegel… … Universalium
acosmism — noun A denial of the existence of the universe as distinct from God … Wiktionary
acosmism — disbelief in existence of eternal universe distinct from God Philosophical Isms … Phrontistery dictionary
acosmism — n. disbelief in existence of eternal universe distinct from God … English contemporary dictionary
Acosmism — in contrast to pantheism, denies the reality of the universe, seeing it as ultimately illusory, (the prefix a in Greek meaning negation; like un in English), and only the infinite Unmanifest Absolute as real. This philosophy begins with the… … Mini philosophy glossary
acosmism — acos·mism … English syllables
acosmism — Акосмизм … Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов
acosmism — n. doctrine denying existence of universe distinct from God. ♦ acosmist, n … Dictionary of difficult words