Acosmism


Acosmism

Acosmism, in contrast to pantheism, denies the reality of the universe, seeing it as ultimately illusory, (the prefix "a-" in Greek meaning negation; like "un-" in English), and only the infinite unmanifest Absolute as real.

This philosophy begins with the premise that there is only one Reality that is infinite, non-dual, and blissful. But the phenomenal reality of which we are normally aware is just the opposite: finite, dualistic, and full of pain and suffering. And since the Absolute is the only reality, that means that everything that is not-Absolute cannot be real. Thus, according to this viewpoint, the phenomenal dualistic world is ultimately an illusion ("maya" to use the technical Indian term), irrespective of the apparent reality it possesses at the mundane or empirical level.

Acosmic monistic spiritual practice emphasises attaining the Absolute through a kind of intellectual or conceptual realisation. This may involve holding the thought that "I am that" (the Absolute), as in the of the Advaita Vedanta school and its recent advocates; or alternatively through a standing back and simply watching the thoughts and sensations arise and pass away; realising all the time that they are not a part of one's true Self. Both these approaches are termed the path of "jnana" ("knowledge").

Indian philosophies were and are concerned not so much with the manifest reality we see about us, but with the unmanifest Absolute Transcendent. What matters is simply the practical attainment of a state of this universal, transcendent, transpersonal existence. In that state, according to Adi Shankara, there is no difference between Self and God; there is only the Absolute (Brahman).

ee also

*Buddhist atomism
*Christian science
*Immaterialism
*Kabbalah
*Mereological nihilism
*New thought
*Arthur Schopenhauer
*Solipsism


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • acosmism — ACOSMÍSM n. filoz. Teorie conform căreia lumea nu există ca realitate independentă de Dumnezeu. /<fr. acosmisme Trimis de siveco, 22.08.2004. Sursa: NODEX  ACOSMÍSM s.n. (fil.) Teorie idealistă după care lumea fizică nu ar exista ca realitate …   Dicționar Român

  • Acosmism — A*cos mism, n. [Gr. a priv. + ? world.] A denial of the existence of the universe as distinct from God. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • acosmism — ▪ philosophy       in philosophy, the view that God is the sole and ultimate reality and that finite objects and events have no independent existence. Acosmism has been equated with pantheism, the belief that everything is God. G.W.F. Hegel… …   Universalium

  • acosmism — noun A denial of the existence of the universe as distinct from God …   Wiktionary

  • acosmism — disbelief in existence of eternal universe distinct from God Philosophical Isms …   Phrontistery dictionary

  • acosmism — n. disbelief in existence of eternal universe distinct from God …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Acosmism — in contrast to pantheism, denies the reality of the universe, seeing it as ultimately illusory, (the prefix a in Greek meaning negation; like un in English), and only the infinite Unmanifest Absolute as real. This philosophy begins with the… …   Mini philosophy glossary

  • acosmism — acos·mism …   English syllables

  • acosmism —  Акосмизм …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • acosmism —   n. doctrine denying existence of universe distinct from God.    ♦ acosmist, n …   Dictionary of difficult words


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.