- Kordofanian languages
Infobox Language family
Atlantic-Congo)The Kordofanian languages are a geographic grouping of languages spoken in the Nubahills of KordofanProvince, Sudan. In 1963 Joseph Greenbergadded them to the Niger-Congo family, creating his Niger-Kordofanian proposal. The Kordofanian languages have not been shown to be more distantly related than other branches of Niger-Congo, however, nor have they been shown to constitute a valid group, and today they are usually included in Niger-Congo proper. Since Schadeberg 1981c, the "Tumtum" or Kadu branch is now widely seen as Nilo-Saharan. The remaining languages form four clearly valid groups:
Heiban languages, also called Koalib or Koalib-Moro: Ko, Warnang, Rere, Otoro, Logol, Heiban (Ebang), Laro, Shwai (Shirumba), Tiro, Moro
Talodi languages, also called Talodi-Masakin or Lafofa: Tegem, Lafofa, El Amira, Nding, Talodi (Jomang), Tocho, Acheron, Lumun, Torona, Ngile, Dagik (Dengebu)
Rashad languages, also called Tegali-Tagoi: Rashad, Tegali, Tumali, Moreb, Tagoi, Turjuk, Tingal, Tukum, Turum
Katla languages: Katla, Tima Roger Blenchnotes that the Talodi and Heiban languages have the noun-class systems characteristic of the Atlantic-Congo core of Niger-Congo, but that the Katla languages have no trace of ever having had such a system, whereas the Kadu languages and some of the Rashad languages appear to have acquired noun classes as part of a Sprachbundrather than having inherited them. He concludes that the Kordofanian languages do not form a genealogical group, but that Talodi and Heiban are core Niger-Congo whereas Katla and Rashad form a peripheral branch along the lines of Mande.
* Herman Bell. 1995. [http://www.hf-fak.uib.no/institutter/smi/sa/tan/Nuba.html The Nuba Mountains: Who Spoke What in 1976?] . Being a study of the published results from a major project of the
Institute of African and Asian Studies: the "Language Survey of the Nuba Mountains".
* Roger Blench. Unpublished. [http://homepage.ntlworld.com/roger_blench/Niger-Congo%20reconstruction/Kordofanian%20and%20Niger-Congo.pdf Kordofanian and Niger-Congo: an evaluation of the evidence] .
* P. A. and D. N. MacDiarmid. 1931. "The languages of the
Nuba Mountains." "Sudan Notes and Records" 14: 149-162.
Carl Meinhof. 1915-1919. "Sprachstudien im egyptischen Sudan". "Zeitschrift für Kolonialsprachen" 9-9. "1. Tagoy." 6: 164-161. "2. Tumale". 6:182-205. "11. Tegele." 7:110-131. "12. Rashad." 7:132.
Thilo C. Schadeberg. 1981a. "A survey of Kordofanian." SUGIA Beiheft 1-2. Hamburg:Helmut Buske Verlag.
Thilo C. Schadeberg. 1981b. "Das Kordofanische". "Die Sprachen Afrikas." Band 1: "Niger-Kordofanisch", ed. by Bernt Heine, T. C. Schadeberg, Ekkehard Wolff, pp. 117-28 SUGIA Beiheft 1-2. Hamburg:Helmut Buske Verlag.
Thilo C. Schadeberg. 1981c. "The classification of the Kadugli language group". "Nilo-Saharan", ed. by T. C. Schadeberg and M. Lionel Bender, pp. 291-305. Dordrecht: Foris Publications.
* Brenda Z. Seligmann. 1910-11. "Note on the language of the
Nubas of Southern Kordofan." "Zeitschrift für Kolonialsprachen" 1:167-188.
* Roland C. Stevenson. 1956-57. "A survey of the phonetics and grammatical structure of the Nuba Mountains languages, with particular reference to Otoro, Katcha, and Nyimang." "Afrika und Übersee" 40:73-84, 93-115; 41:27-65, 117-152, 171-196.
* A. N. Tucker and M. A. Bryan. 1956. "The Non-Bantu Languages of North-Eastern Africa." (Handbook of African Languages, Part III.)
Oxford University Press: London.
* A. N. Tucker and M. A. Bryan. 1966. "Linguistic Analyses/The Non-Bantu Languages of North-Eastern Africa." (Handbook of African Languages.)
Oxford University Press: London.
* Lorenz Tutschek. 1848. "Über die Tumale-Sprache." "Gelehrte Anzeigen, herausgegeben von Mitgliedern der k. bayer."
Akademie der Wissenschaften. Nrs. 91-93; Spalten 729-52. (="Bulletin der königl. Akademie der Wissenschaften". Nrs. 29-31.)
* Lorenz Tutschek. 1848-50. "On the Tumali language". "Proceedings of the Philological Society for 1846-47 and 1847-48." Vol 3:239-54. "Proceedings of the Philological Society for 1848-49 and 1849-50." Vol. 4:138-9.
* [http://lucy.ukc.ac.uk/pub/alda/sudan/KATCHA~1.DOC Katcha-English Dictionary] (one of the
* [http://www.nubamountains.com The Nuba Mountains Homepage]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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Kordofanian languages — Branch of the Niger Congo language family. It is geographically separated from the rest of the Niger Congo languages and is believed to represent the oldest layer of languages in the region. The Kordofanian branch consists of some 20 languages… … Universalium
Niger-Kordofanian languages — Infobox Language family name=Niger Kordofian region=Sub Saharan Africa, Kurdufan family=proposed super family speakers= familycolor=Niger Congo child1=Niger Congo child2=Kordofanian iso2=nicThe Niger Kordofanian language family was proposed by… … Wikipedia
Languages of Africa — There are an estimated 2000 languages spoken in Africa. [ [http://www.panafril10n.org/wikidoc/pmwiki.php/PanAfrLoc/MajorLanguages Major Languages of Africa] ] About a hundred of these are widely used for inter ethnic communication. They fall into … Wikipedia
Kordofanian — [kôr΄də fan′ē ən] n. [< KORDOFAN] a subfamily of the Niger Kordofanian family of languages … English World dictionary
Kordofanian — noun a group of languages spoken in the relatively small Kordofan area of the south Sudan • Hypernyms: ↑Niger Kordofanian, ↑Niger Kordofanian language * * * ˌkȯrdəˈfanēən noun Usage: capitalized Etymology: Kordofan province, Republic of the… … Useful english dictionary
Kordofanian — /kawr deuh fan ee euhn/, n. a subfamily of Niger Kordofanian that comprises about 30 languages spoken in southern Kordofan. [KORDOFAN + IAN] * * * … Universalium
Kordofanian — /kɔdəˈfeɪniən/ (say kawduh fayneeuhn) noun 1. a family of languages spoken in the Kordofan and Nuba regions of Sudan and South Sudan, distantly related to Niger Congo. –adjective 2. of or relating to this family of languages. 3. of or relating to … Australian English dictionary
Kordofanian — Kor•do•fan•i•an [[t]ˌkɔr dəˈfæn i ən[/t]] n. peo a family of languages spoken in the Nuba Hills of S Kordofan province in the Sudan … From formal English to slang
Niger–Congo languages — Niger–Congo Niger–Kordofanian (obsolete) Geographic distribution: Sub Saharan Africa Linguistic classification: one of the world s primary language families Subdivisions: Dogon … Wikipedia
Niger-Congo languages — Infobox Language family name=Niger Congo altname=Niger Kordofanian (obsolete) region=Sub Saharan Africa familycolor=Niger Congo family=one of the world s primary language families child1=?? Bangi me child2=? Dogon child3=Ijoid child4=Mande child5 … Wikipedia