Luis Palés Matos

Infobox writer
name = Luis Palés Matos

imagesize = 120px
caption = Luis Palés Matos
pseudonym =
birthname =
birthdate = March 20, 1898
birthplace = Guayama, Puerto Rico
deathdate = February 23, 1959
deathplace =
occupation = poet
nationality = Puerto Rican
period =
genre = Afro-Antillano
subject =
movement =
notableworks =
spouse =
partner =
children =
relatives =
influences =
influenced = Giannina Braschi, poet
awards =

website =

Luis Palés Matos (March 20, 1898-February 23, 1959) was a Puerto Rican poet who is credited with creating the poetry genre known as Afro-Antillano.

Early years

Matos was born in Guayama, Puerto Rico into a family of well known poets which included both his parents, Vicente Palés Anés and Consuelo Matos Vicil and his brothers and sisters, Vicente, Gustavo, Consuelo and Josefa. His family was instrumental in his poetic development and is reflected when at the age of 17 he wrote and published his first book of poetry titled "Azaleas", a collection of his poems. In high school he became the editor of the school's monthly publication "Mehr Licht". His family's financial situation wasn't a good one and he was forced to drop out of high school and earn a living working in various jobs. [ Poets] ] [ [ "Luis Palés Matos: Poeta" "Estudiantes Al Dia" 2001] , brief biography in Spanish]

Diepalismo movement

In 1918, he moved to the town of Fajardo where he worked for El Pueblo, the town's local newspaper. There he met a young lady by the name of Natividad Suliveres and soon married her. Natividad gave birth to a baby boy, but within a year she died. Matos was devastated and expressed his grief in the poem "El palacio en sombras" (The palace in shadows). He moved to San Juan and worked for the daily newspapers, El Mundo and El Imparcial. In San Juan he met and befriended Jose T. de Diego Pardo, a fellow poet and together they created a literary movement known as "Diepalismo", a name derived from the combination of their surnames. [ Poets] ]

Afro-Antillano poems

In 1926, a local newspaper La Democracia published "Pueblo negro" (Black Town), the first known Afro-Antillano poem. This was the beginning of a new genre of Latin-American literature which blended words from the Afro-Caribbean culture into the Spanish verse of Puerto Rico. In 1937, he published "Tun tun de pasa y grifería" (Drumbeats of Kinkiness and Blackness). This collection of poems was highly acclaimed and received an award of recognition from the Puerto Rican Institute of Literature. He gained fame with his literary work but, the experience was bittersweet. Though Matos is considered, together with the Afro-Cuban poet Nicolas Guillen, the father of the "Negrismo" movement, he was also criticized by the black community, who considered it an insult to their race that Matos, a white man, was becoming famous on their account. [ [ El Boricua] ]

Written works

Some of Matos' works are:

* El palacio en sombras (The Palace in Shadows)
* Pueblo negro (Black Town)
* Danza negra (Black Dance)
* Canción festiva para ser llorada (A festival song to cry for)
* Falsa canción de baquiné (False Song of a funeral for a child)
* Largarto verde (Green Lizard)
* Tun tun de pasa y grifería (Drumbeats of kinkiness and blackness)

ee also

*List of Puerto Rican writers
*List of famous Puerto Ricans
*Puerto Rican literature


External links

* [ "Luis Palés Matos: Poeta" "Estudiantes Al Dia" 2001] , brief biography in Spanish;
* [ Julió, Edgardo Rodróguez (19 April 1998) "Utopia y Nostalgia en Pales Matos" "La Jornada Semanal" Universidad de México] an analysis of Luis Palés Matos' works in Spanish;

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Luis Palés Matos — (* 20. März 1898 in Guayama, Puerto Rico; † 23. Februar 1959 in San Juan, Puerto Rico) war ein puerto ricanischer Dichter, der als ein bedeutender Vertreter der mittelamerikanisch afroamerikanischen Dichtung gilt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Luis Palés Matos — Luis Palés Matos. (Guayama, 20 de marzo de 1898 23 de febrero de 1959). Escritor, novelista, poeta y periodista puertorriqueño. De familia culta, inició pronto su actividad literaria y, con diecisiete años, publicó su primer libro de poemas. Sus… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Palés Matos, Luis — ▪ Puerto Rican poet born March 20, 1898, Guayama, Puerto Rico died Feb. 23, 1959, San Juan       Puerto Rican lyric poet who enriched the vocabulary of Spanish poetry with words, themes, and rhythms of African and Afro American folklore and dance …   Universalium

  • Matos (surname) — Matos or Mattos, sometimes de Matos or de Mattos, is a Portuguese language surname. It may refer to: Alexander Teixeira de Mattos (1865–1921), journalist, literary critic and publisher Andre Matos (1972 ), a Heavy Metal rock musician Andre Matos …   Wikipedia

  • Matos — ist der Familienname der folgenden Personen: Angel Matos (* 1976), kubanischer Taekwondo Kämpfer Huber Matos (* 1918), kubanischer Guerillaführer Luis de Matos (* 1970), portugiesischer Zauberkünstler Luis Palés Matos (1898–1959), puerto… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Luis Alfredo Arango — Luis Alfredo Arango, eigentlich Luis Alfredo Arango Enriquez, (* 1935 Totonicapán, Guatemala) ist ein guatemaltekischer Lehrer und Schriftsteller. Arango stammt aus einer gutsituierten alteingesessenen Familie, welche seit Generationen höhere… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Literatura de Puerto Rico — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Black history in Puerto Rico — initially began with the African freeman who arrived with the Spanish Conquistadors. The Spaniards enslaved the Tainos who were the native inhabitants of the island and many of them died as a result of the treatment that they had received. This… …   Wikipedia

  • Juan Boria — Infobox Writer name = Juan Boria imagesize = 200px caption = Album cover of Boria s album pseudonym = Negro Verse Pharaoh birthdate = birth date|1906|2|17 birthplace = Dorado, Puerto Rico deathdate = death date and age|1995|5|29|1906|2|17… …   Wikipedia

  • Палес-Матос, Луис — Луис Палес Матос Луис Палес Матос (исп. Luis Palés Matos, род. 20 марта 1898 г. Гуаяма  ум. 23 февраля 1959 г. Сан Хуан, Пуэрто Рико)  …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.