Phlebotomus

Taxobox
name = "Phlebotomus"



image_width = 240px
image_caption = A male "Phlebotomus" fly
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Arthropoda
subphylum = Hexapoda
classis = Insecta
subclassis = Pterygota
infraclassis = Neoptera
superordo = Endopterygota|
ordo = Diptera
familia = Psychodidae
subfamilia = Phlebotominae
genus = "Phlebotomus"
genus_authority = Loew 1845
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = Numerous, including:
"P. ariasi" "P. longicuspis" "P. mascittii" "P. papatasi" "P. perniciosus" "P. sergenti"

"Phlebotomus" is a genus of "sand fly" in the Dipteran family Psychodidae. In the past, they have sometimes been considered to belong in a separate family, Phlebotomidae, but this alternative classification has not gained wide acceptance [ [http://www.sel.barc.usda.gov/diptera/names/famlistt.htm BDWD Family List ] ]

Epidemiology

In the Old World, "Phlebotomus" sand flies are primarily responsible for the transmission of leishmaniasis, an important parasitic disease, while transmission in the New World, is generally via sand flies of the genus "Lutzomyia".cite book | author = Zeledón RA | title = Hemoflagellates: Cutaneous and Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis. "In:" Barron's Medical Microbiology "(Barron S "et al", eds.)| edition = 4th ed. | publisher = Univ of Texas Medical Branch | year = 1996 | id = [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=mmed.section.4376 (via NCBI Bookshelf)] ISBN 0-9631172-1-1 ] The protozoan parasite itself is a species of the genus "Leishmania". Leishmaniasis normally finds a mammalian reservoir in rodents and other small animals such as canids(Canine Leishmaniasis) and hyraxes. The female sand fly carries the "Leishmania" protozoa from infected animals after feeding, thus transmitting the disease, while the male feeds on plant nectar.

"Phlebotomus" species are also vectors for phlebotomus fever, an arbovirus caused by "Toscana virus", a member of the genus "Phlebovirus" (family Bunyaviridae).cite book | author = Shope RE | title = Bunyaviruses. "In:" Barron's Medical Microbiology "(Barron S "et al", eds.)| edition = 4th ed. | publisher = Univ of Texas Medical Branch | year = 1996 | id = [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=mmed.section.3006 (via NCBI Bookshelf)] ISBN 0-9631172-1-1 ] , [cite journal | author=Valassina M, Cusi MG, Valensin PE | title=A Mediterranean arbovirus: the Toscana virus | journal=J Neurovirol | year=2003 | pages=577–83 | volume=9 | issue=6 | pmid=14602570 | doi=10.1080/714044479 ] In Egypt there are two species of medical importance Phlebotomus papatasii and phlebotomus langerni. These flies are short lived. Females are blood suckers at night, males feed on plant juices. Adults are poor fliers, they usually hop for short distances.

Morphology

Adults are small sized about 1.5-3 mm, yellowish in colour with conspicuous black eyes, hairy body, wings and legs. The oval lanceolate wings are carried erect on the humped thorax.Males possess long prominent genital terminalia known as claspers. Females have a pair of anal recti.

Life cycle

Females lay eggs in batches in cracks and cevices which are dark and rich in organic matter. They are small, elliptical and brownish in colour. Hatching occurs into the larval stage. Larvae are small whitish in colour with a black head capsule. From the posteriior end arise a pair of long, dark caudal bristles which are characteristic for this species.

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Phlebotomus — Phlébotome …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Phlebotomus — ? Phlebotomus Самка Phlebotomus papatasi. Научная классификация …   Википедия

  • Phlebotomus — Phlébotome …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Phlebotomus —   Phlebotomus …   Wikipedia Español

  • Phlebotomus — noun small bloodsucking sand flies that resemble moths • Syn: ↑genus Phlebotomus • Hypernyms: ↑arthropod genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Psychodidae, ↑family Psychodidae • Member Meronyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Phlebotomus — A genus of very small bloodsucking sandflies of the subfamily Phlebotominae, family Psychodidae. [phlebo + G. tomos, cutting] P. argentipes the vector of kala azar in India. P. chinensis the vector of kala azar in China. P. flaviscutellatus SYN:… …   Medical dictionary

  • Phlebotomus — Phle|bo|to|mus der; , ...mi <aus gleichbed. nlat. phlebotomus zu ↑phlebo... u. gr. tomós »schneidend«, dies zu témnein »schneiden«> Gattung von Sandmücken, die gefährliche Infektionskrankheiten (z. B. Kala Azar) auf den Menschen übertragen… …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • phlebotomus — noun a mild viral disease transmitted by the bite of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasii • Syn: ↑sandfly fever, ↑pappataci fever • Hypernyms: ↑disease …   Useful english dictionary

  • Phlebotomus — (флеботомус) род кровососущих москитов сем. Phlebotomidae, отр. Diptera; включает переносчиков возбудителей флеботомной лихорадки, лейшманиозов, бартонеллеза …   Большой медицинский словарь

  • Phlebotomus — Phlebo̱|tomus [↑phlebo... u. gr. τομος = schneidend] m; , (Arten:) ...mi: Gattung von Sandmücken, die gefährliche Infektionskrankheiten (z. B. ↑Kala Azar, ↑Oroyafieber) auf den Menschen übertragen können (Zool.) …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

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