Pitching wedge

A pitching wedge in the sport of golf is an iron with a loft higher than the 9-iron of a matched set, and used for a variety of short to intermediate-distance shots. It is the lowest-loft of the wedge subclass of irons.

Design/History

Though technically a wedge, pitching wedges are generally treated as if they were numbered irons. This is for a number of reasons: first, before the term "wedge" became common for high-loft short irons, the pitching wedge was actually numbered as the "10-iron" of a matched set, and to this day it follows the normal loft progression of the numbered irons. Also, even though it has been named a wedge, many matched iron sets for retail sale include the pitching wedge even when not including other wedges. Finally, the loft of modern irons has been reduced compared to older designs. This is both to compensate for cavity-back designs that launch the ball higher for a given loft, and to increase the distance carried by each club with the average golfer's clubhead speed to be closer to the pros (the pros now use similar and the difference between the amateur golfer and a pro remains). The pitching wedge, as a result, was delofted along with the numbered irons from a traditional loft of between 48-54° to between 45-50°, similar to that of an older 8-iron.

Usage

The pitching wedge is a very versatile club. Being on the cusp between numbered irons and wedges, the pitching wedge has generally-accepted uses falling into either class. Used with a "full swing" similar to a short iron, a golfer can produce a high-trajectory shot that carries between 80-130 yards (depending on a variety of factors such as swing and club design), then "bites" with little or no roll after initial impact. Used with an abbreviated "chipping" motion, the club can produce short (25-45 yard) "lob" or "approach" shots. And with a "putting" motion, the club can lift the ball over rough or fringe onto the putting green from a short distance to the pin (10-25 yards). This last kind of stroke is commonly called a "bump and run" and can be done with many other irons, generally with a loft equal or higher than a 7-iron.

These clubs are most commonly used with a full swing to produce high-altitude shots such as approaches to the green or lifting the ball over trees. They are also commonly used to "lay up" in front of a hazard or to create a better lie for the next shot, recovery from firmer rough or sometimes from sand when the ball is lying on top of the surface. Modern pitching wedges range in loft from 42 to 49 degrees. Pitching wedges can have between zero and 10 degrees of bounce, though most pitching wedges have very low bounce (only 2 or 3 degrees) as other wedges like gap, dual or sand wedges are more traditionally suited for play out of hazards or "soft lies" like high grass or soggy ground where high bounce is desired.

ee also

* Golf glossary


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pitching Wedge — Verschiedene Golfschläger: Holz, Putter und Eisen (nicht maßstabsgerecht, das Holz ist deutlich voluminöser) Ein Golfschläger ist ein Sportgerät, mit dem beim Golf ein Ball auf den 18 Bahnen eines Golfplatzes vom Abschlag bis ins Loch befördert… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • pitching wedge — noun a wedge used to loft the golf ball over obstacles • Hypernyms: ↑wedge * * * pitching wedge noun A lofted golf club for playing pitch shots • • • Main Entry: ↑pitch …   Useful english dictionary

  • pitching wedge — noun An iron designed for pitch shots …   Wiktionary

  • Pitching Wedge —  Ein Schläger (Eisen) mit sehr starkem Loft, das dazu führt, dass der Ball steil steigt und steil fällt und möglichst wenig rollt. Wird besonders bei der Annäherung aus der unmittelbaren Nähe des Grün benutzt …   Golf lexikon

  • Gap Wedge — Verschiedene Golfschläger: Holz, Putter und Eisen (nicht maßstabsgerecht, das Holz ist deutlich voluminöser) Ein Golfschläger ist ein Sportgerät, mit dem beim Golf ein Ball auf den 18 Bahnen eines Golfplatzes vom Abschlag bis ins Loch befördert… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lob Wedge — Verschiedene Golfschläger: Holz, Putter und Eisen (nicht maßstabsgerecht, das Holz ist deutlich voluminöser) Ein Golfschläger ist ein Sportgerät, mit dem beim Golf ein Ball auf den 18 Bahnen eines Golfplatzes vom Abschlag bis ins Loch befördert… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sand Wedge — Verschiedene Golfschläger: Holz, Putter und Eisen (nicht maßstabsgerecht, das Holz ist deutlich voluminöser) Ein Golfschläger ist ein Sportgerät, mit dem beim Golf ein Ball auf den 18 Bahnen eines Golfplatzes vom Abschlag bis ins Loch befördert… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gap wedge — A gap wedge is a type of golf club used to hit a shot with higher and shorter trajectory than a pitching wedge. HistoryOver time the loft angle on irons has been reduced for multiple reasons including improved designs and the desire to advertise… …   Wikipedia

  • Sand wedge — A sand wedge is a golf club used to stroke a golf ball from a bunker, also known as a sand trap. It is generally similar to other wedges, which are in turn a type of iron, but the club has some specializations to aid it in its intended… …   Wikipedia

  • Golfschläger — Verschiedene Golfschläger: Holz, Putter und Eisen (nicht maßstabsgerecht, das Holz ist deutlich voluminöser) Ein Golfschläger ist ein Sportgerät, mit dem beim Golf ein Ball auf den 18 Bahnen eines Golfplatzes vom Abschlag bis ins Loch befördert… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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