Kremlin ( _ru. Кремль, Kreml IPA-ru|krʲɛmlʲ) is the Russian word for "fortress", "citadel" or "castle" and refers to any major fortified central complex found in historic Russian cities. This word is often used to refer to the best-known one, the Moscow Kremlin, or the government that is based there. Outside Russia, the name "Kremlin" is sometimes mistakenly thought of as being Saint Basil's Cathedral because of its distinctive environment, although this is not a part of the Moscow Kremlin.

The name "Kremlin" (or "Kreml") has been allocated to various Soviet Navy vessels during construction. In each case, the name was changed prior to commissioning. Vessels which have briefly carried this name included "Admiral Kuznetsov" and "Ulyanovsk". [ " [ A Brief Look at Russian Aircraft Carrier Development] ," Robin J. Lee]

Russia's president administration is located in the Kremlin. During the Soviet era the government of the USSR located in Kremlin, although now it occupies a building outside it.

List of Russian cities and towns with kremlins

* World Heritage Sites
** Moscow Kremlin
** Novgorod Kremlin
** Kazan Kremlin
** Suzdal Kremlin
** Solovetsky Monastery

* Extant
** Astrakhan Kremlin
** Kolomna Kremlin
** Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin
** Pskov Kremlin
** Rostov Kremlin
** Smolensk Kremlin
** Tobolsk Kremlin
** Tula Kremlin
** Zaraysk Kremlin

*In ruins
** Gdov Kremlin
** Izborsk Kremlin
** Porkhov Kremlin
** Serpukhov Kremlin
** Velikie Luki Kremlin
** Torzhok Kremlin

** Dmitrov
** Ryazan
** Vologda
** Yaroslavl

*Only traces
** Borovsk
** Opochka
** Zvenigorod
** Starodub
** Tver – burned down by Muscovites during the Golden Horde occupation
** Sknyatino – underwater since flooding during the 1930s.

*Unknown state
** Ostrov
** Volokolamsk

Many Russian monasteries have been built in a fortress-like style similar to that of a kremlin. For a partial list, see .

ee also

*commonscat-inline|Fortresses of Russia

Other Uses

In the sense of impregnability and oppressive nature the word Kremlin is applied to other structures and organisations. For example, the regional headquarters on the Woolworths Group PLC group in the UK were referred to as mini-Kremlins.Fact|date=October 2008


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  • kremlin — ● kremlin ou kreml nom masculin (mot slave signifiant forteresse) Partie centrale et fortifiée des villes russes anciennes. kremlin n. m. Partie centrale, fortifiée, des anciennes villes russes. kremlin (le) anc. palais impérial et citadelle de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kremlin — Kremlin, MT U.S. Census Designated Place in Montana Population (2000): 126 Housing Units (2000): 57 Land area (2000): 0.453638 sq. miles (1.174918 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.453638 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Kremlin — kremlin. (Del ruso kreml, ciudadela). m. Recinto amurallado de las antiguas ciudades rusas. Por antonomasia, el de Moscú. * * * Kremlin, ciudadela de una ciudad. En las ciudades antiguas de Rusia no habia murallas, sin embargo en la parte central …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kremlin, MT — U.S. Census Designated Place in Montana Population (2000): 126 Housing Units (2000): 57 Land area (2000): 0.453638 sq. miles (1.174918 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.453638 sq. miles (1.174918 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Kremlin, OK — U.S. town in Oklahoma Population (2000): 240 Housing Units (2000): 112 Land area (2000): 0.252661 sq. miles (0.654389 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.252661 sq. miles (0.654389 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Kremlin — 1660s, Cremelena, from O.Rus. kremlinu, later kremlin (1796), from kreml citadel, fortress, perhaps of Tartar origin. Originally the citadel of any Russian city, now especially the one in Moscow. Used metonymically for government of the U.S.S.R.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • kremlin — sustantivo masculino 1. Parte fortificada de una ciudad rusa: El kremlin más famoso es el de Moscú …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • kremlin — ► NOUN 1) a citadel within a Russian town. 2) (the Kremlin) the citadel in Moscow, housing the Russian government. ORIGIN Russian kreml …   English terms dictionary

  • kremlin — [krem′lin] n. [Fr < Russ kryeml ] in Russia, the citadel of a city the Kremlin 1. the citadel of Moscow, in which some government offices of the Soviet Union were located: it now contains some offices of the Russian government 2. the… …   English World dictionary

  • Kremlin — Krem lin, n. [Russ. kremle.] 1. The citadel of a town or city; especially, the citadel of Moscow, a large inclosure which contains imperial palaces, cathedrals, churches, an arsenal, etc. [Russia] 2. Hence: The government of Russia (or, 1920 1992 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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