Hemothorax


Hemothorax

Infobox_Disease
Name = Hemothorax


Caption =
DiseasesDB = 19762
ICD10 = ICD10|J|94|2|j|90, ICD10|S|27|1|s|20
ICD9 = ICD9|511.8, ICD9|860
ICDO =
OMIM =
MedlinePlus =
eMedicineSubj = med
eMedicineTopic = 2915
eMedicine_mult = eMedicine2|ped|971 | MeshID = D006491
A hemothorax (or haemothorax) is a condition that results from blood accumulating in the pleural cavity. Its cause is usually traumatic, from a blunt or penetrating injury to the thorax, resulting in a rupture of either of the serous membrane lining the thorax and covering the lungs. This rupture allows blood to spill into the pleural space, equalizing the pressures between it and the lungs. Blood loss may be massive in people with these conditions, as each side of the thorax can hold 30%-40% of a person's blood volume. If left untreated, the condition can progress to a point where the blood accumulation begins to put pressure on the mediastinum and the trachea, effectively limiting the amount that the heart's ventricles are able to fill. The condition can cause the trachea to deviate, or move, toward the unaffected side.

igns and symptoms

*Tachypnea
*Dyspnea
*Cyanosis
*Decreased or absent breath sounds on affected side
*Tracheal deviation
*Dull resonance on percussion
*Unequal chest rise
*Tachycardia
*Hypotension
*Pale, cool, clammy skin
*Possibly subcutaneous emphysema
*Narrowing pulse pressure

Management

A hemothorax is managed by removing the source of bleeding and by draining the blood already in the thoracic cavity. Blood in the cavity can be removed by inserting a drain (chest tube) in a procedure called a tube thoracostomy. Patients should recover swiftly after this. However, if the cause is rupture of the aorta in high energy trauma, the intervention by a thoracic surgeon is mandatory.

ee also

* Cardiac tamponade
* Hemopneumothorax
* Pleural effusion
* Pneumothorax
* Tension pneumothorax
* Pulmonary contusion


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hemothorax — Hémothorax Hémothorax CIM 10 : J94.2 Un hémothorax est un épanchement de sang dans la cavité pleurale. Sa cause est la plupart du temps traumatique. Ses conséquences peuvent être graves et dépendent de l importance de l épanchement. Le pronostic… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • hémothorax — ● hémothorax nom masculin Épanchement de sang dans la cavité pleurale. hémothorax [emotɔʀaks] n. m. ÉTYM. 1846, Bescherelle; de hémo (→ Héma ), et thorax. ❖ ♦ Pathol …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hemothorax — Hem o*tho rax, n. [NL. See {Hemo }, and {Thorax}.] (Med.) An effusion of blood into the cavity of the pleura. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hémothorax — Classification internationale des maladies CIM 10 : J94.2 Hémothorax chez un animal Un hémothorax est …   Wikipédia en Français

  • hemothorax — ▪ pathology also spelled  haemothorax        collection of a bloody fluid in the pleural cavity, between the membrane lining the thoracic cage and the membrane covering the lung. Hemothorax may result from injury or surgery, especially when there …   Universalium

  • hemothorax — Blood in the pleural cavity. SYN: hemathorax. * * * he·mo·tho·rax or chiefly Brit hae·mo·tho·rax .hē mə thō(ə)r .aks, thȯ(ə)r n, pl tho·rax·es or tho·ra·ces thōr ə .sēz, thȯr blood in the pleural cavity * * * he· …   Medical dictionary

  • hémothorax — (é mo to raks ) s. m. Terme de médecine. Épanchement de sang dans le thorax. ÉTYMOLOGIE    Hémo...., et thorax …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • hemothorax — n. blood in the pleural cavity (Medicine) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • hemothorax — he·mo·thorax …   English syllables

  • hemothorax — noun accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest) • Syn: ↑haemothorax • Hypernyms: ↑congestion * * * |hēmō, |hemō+ noun Etymology: New Latin, from hem + thorax …   Useful english dictionary


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